The link between money and mental health

A study has highlighted the sometimes overlooked link between money worries and mental health issues.

Commissioned by Money and Mental Health Policy Institute, the charity set up by consumer champion Martin Lewis, the State We’re In report found that over the previous 12 months, people with mental health problems were more than twice as likely to have been behind on at least one payment.

Nearly half (46 per cent) of people with a mental health problem agreed with the statement, ‘I can’t afford to regularly save money’, while 25 per cent said they have no savings put aside for emergencies compared with 18 per cent of people without mental health problems.

Clearly, struggling to make ends meet can cause an enormous amount of stress and anxiety, but did you know there are other ways your finances can affect your psychological wellbeing – and vice versa?

1. Spending to ease anxiety
“People who have anxiety may be more likely to be in debt because their focus is not on their future needs but more in line with quelling their anxiety,” says counsellor Philip Karahassan.

That doesn’t necessarily mean the ‘treat yourself’ approach, however. “It could be buying gifts in order to take the pressure off. As a result, anxiety sufferers may financially stretch themselves beyond their means. By doing so, they can create a spiral of anxiety by being in debt or not being able to afford provisions, rent, or bills. This again creates more anxiety and the cycle continues.”

Read: This is an addiction you must take seriously

2. Buying gifts instead of showing emotion
Thoughtful gifts are a lovely way of showing you care, but there’s a danger that “money can sometimes be interchanged with love”, says Dr Audrey Tang, psychologist and author of The Leader’s Guide to Resilience, a behaviour that may be learnt if your parents showered you with gifts instead of spending regular quality time with you.

“Unfortunately, if a child has grown up in this environment, they too may enter adulthood using money in place of emotion – instead of offering support, they flake out but send flowers; if they let you down, they don’t apologise but they buy you a present, rather than doing something that takes effort.”

If this pattern continues, there’s a risk that “the gifts, which do not really substitute for depth, intimacy and connection, may need to become more extreme in order for the relationship to last … this can lead to financial issues on top of emotional ones”.

Read: How you can ease the terror of spending in retirement

3. Shopping as a form of escapism
Are you a big believer in the power of so-called retail therapy? “It’s worth stopping and asking yourself what you’re spending money on and why,” says therapist Matt Wotton. “Spending can be a way to avoid facing up to the problems in your life.”

There’s no harm in indulging in the occasional pick-me-up treat after a stressful day at work, for example, but using shopping to “avoid the fact life feels empty, or to avoid confronting the problems in your relationship” may not be wise.

Mr Wotton adds: “If it’s a habit, it’s probably masking a problem. And remember, while spending can feel like fun, research shows that saving is often a more reliable boost to happiness. Money in the bank has [been shown to have] a stronger link to life satisfaction than income.”

4. Impulse purchases
Are you easily affected by advertising that urges you not to miss out on exclusive deals? Do you hit ‘add to basket’ as soon as you see an item is low in stock?

“This can relate to the psychological hangover from evolutionary times when we were built to survive, not necessarily thrive long term,” says Dr Tang, meaning we can make rash purchases based on our “fear of losing out rather than thinking critically about what is being offered”.

Dr Tang advises: “It is important to recognise that times have changed and therefore our judgements must as well. Now it is not necessarily a case of missing out, but rather [asking] ‘Is someone trying to trick me?'”

Read: Can’t resist splurging in online shopping? Here’s why

5. Sticking with bad investments
When it comes to investing your money, the ‘sunk cost bias’ is something people can fall foul of and continue to put cash into a project that’s failing.

Dr Tang explains: “That is the bias, which leads us to think, ‘I’ve already invested so much time/energy/money in this situation/job/relationship that I may as well keep going’. Unless there are clear indications that something will change, it is often better to cut your losses before things get so bad the change is forced upon you.”

Do any of these issues resonate with you? Have your saving or spending patterns changed during the pandemic? Share your thoughts in the comments section below.

– With PA

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Written by Katie Wright

Fashion and beauty editor at the Press Association.

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