The Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC) has warned Australian investors considering establishing their own self-managed superannuation fund (SMSF) to be particularly aware of the potential downsides to such a strategy.
It has also warned that many Australians set up SMSFs that are inappropriate for their circumstances.
ASIC has identified eight ‘red flag’ situations which, together or in part, would make it extremely unlikely for an investor to gain any advantage from using SMSFs to create and safeguard their intended retirement lifestyle.
Australian Tax Office figures reveal that as at 30 June 2019, there were 599,678 SMSFs in Australia holding nearly $748 billion in assets, making total assets held in SMSFs larger than those in either industry ($719 billion) or retail ($626 billion) funds.
“ASIC believes that consumers are all too well aware of the potential benefits that might stem from using a SMSF, but are not equally alive to the considerable risks and responsibilities that come with the deal,” said ASIC commissioner Danielle Press.
“SMSFs may be an attractive option for investors wanting more control over their superannuation investment strategy, but it requires real skill, care and diligence to manage your own superannuation.
“SMSFs are not for everyone simply because not everyone can meet the significant time, costs, risks and obligations associated with establishing and running one.”
ASIC previously tracked and analysed member experiences in using an SMSF, and whether advice providers were complying with the law when providing personal advice about setting up an SMSF.
The research identified the ‘red flag’ indicators that suggested when an SMSF may not be appropriate for an investor.
“Our research found that SMSFs are not suitable for members with a low fund balance, particularly where they have limited ability to make future contributions,” Ms Press said.
“This is important because consumers starting off with a low balance need to be aware that they may not be in a better financial position in the future by holding an SMSF compared with investing in an APRA-regulated fund,” she explained.
There is a clear correlation between the size of an SMSF and the returns enjoyed by members.
The Productivity Commission, in its report on Superannuation: Assessing efficiency and competitiveness identified that SMSFs with balances below $500,000 produce lower returns on average, after expenses and tax, when compared to industry and retail super funds.
ASIC’s research also found that SMSFs are not an appropriate investment option for people who want a simple superannuation solution, particularly if they have a low level of financial literacy or limited time to manage their own financial affairs.
On average, SMSF trustees spend more than 100 hours a year managing their SMSF.
“Where people have limited investment decision-making experience or prefer to delegate decision-making to someone else, they should carefully consider if an SMSF is right for them,” Ms Press said.
“As the trustees of their own fund, SMSF investors must remember that they are responsible for their fund’s compliance with the law, even if they pay a professional to help.”
To reinforce these important considerations and to help members make more informed decisions, ASIC has released a factsheet, SMSFs: Are they for you? for consumers and SMSF trustees, who are deciding or reassessing if an SMSF is appropriate for them.
The SMSF Association agrees that an SMSF is not for everyone, but says it is disappointed by the negative portrayal of these investments in the ASIC factsheet.
SMSF Association chief executive John Maroney said that personally overseeing retirement savings can be very empowering.
“We take issue with the representation that the typical cost of running an SMSF is $13,900 a year,” Mr Maroney said. “The use of averages ignores distortions from very large SMSFs and those who choose to use extensive administration and investment services.
“The adjusted average cost for lower balance funds was about half that amount or even lower, while our understanding is that many SMSFs operate with total annual expenses below $5000.”
Have you ever considered using an SMSF? Do you have an SMSF? Has it been worth it for you?
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