There’s no such thing as multitasking, women just work more

Busting this myth should influence workplace, household and government policy.

There’s no such thing as multitasking, women just work more

I watch as she talks on the phone while cooking dinner, wrangling a two-year old and doing dishes as she goes, all the while referring to paperwork as she tries to give answers to lawyers about a complex estate mediation case.

She somehow manages to pull it all off. I would like to say she does it with ease, but that’s not true. It’s a struggle, I can see that, but she does it admirably. It’s difficult to not be in awe of her prowess as she juggles multiple tasks.

When it comes to what I thought was ‘multitasking’, she puts me to shame.

And yet, a new study, published in PLOS One, shows women are actually no better at multitasking than men.

As reported in The Conversation, the study tested whether women were better at switching between tasks and juggling multiple tasks at the same time. The results showed women's brains are no more efficient at either of these activities than men's.

Do I dare tell her that she’s no better than me at multitasking? Not likely. Can you imagine how she’d chide me for making such a statement?

And yet that’s not true either, say study authors Patricia Hirsch, Iring Koch and Julia Karbach. No one is actually good at multitasking. Women simply work more than men.

“Multitasking is the act of performing several independent tasks within a short time. It requires rapidly and frequently switching attention from one task to another, increasing the cognitive demand, compared to completing single tasks in sequence,” writes Leah Ruppanner an Associate Professor in Sociology and co-director of The Policy Lab, University of Melbourne.

“This study builds on an existing body of research showing human brains cannot manage multiple activities at once. Particularly when two tasks are similar, they compete to use the same part of the brain, which makes multitasking very difficult.

“But human brains are good at switching between activities quickly, which makes people feel like they're multitasking. The brain, however, is working on one project at a time.”

German researchers compared the abilities of 48 men and 48 women in identifying letters and numbers. In some tests, participants were required to pay attention to two tasks at once, while in others they needed to switch attention between tasks.

When reaction time and accuracy for the multitasking experiments was measured against performing one task only, they found substantially reduced speed and accuracy when multitasking for both men and women, with no difference between the two.

So the belief that women are better at multitasking and therefore able to do more work is a myth.

“Public opinion persists that women have a biological edge as super-efficient multitaskers. But, as this study shows, this myth is not supported by evidence,” writes Assoc. Prof Ruppanner.

“This means the extra family work women perform is just that – extra work. And we need to see it as such.”

She goes on to say that busting this myth should influence workplace, household and government policy.

“As well as in the home, we need to dismantle these myths in the workplace. The assumption women are better multitaskers can influence the allocation of administrative tasks. Tasks like taking minutes and organising meetings should not be allocated based on gender,” she writes.

“Women need affordable, high-quality, and widely available childcare. Men also need access to flexible work, parental leave and childcare to share in this labour, and protections to ensure they aren't penalised for taking time to share in the care.

“Debunking these myths that expect women to be superheroes is a good thing, but we need to go further and create policy environments where gender equality can thrive.”

Did this research take you by surprise? Do you think women simply work more than men? How do you divide tasks in your household? Do you feel you have a fair and equitable share of household and work duties?

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    COMMENTS

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    Karl Marx
    16th Aug 2019
    10:32am
    Just glad that the study was by women. From my experience especially in the workforce I would have to agree with the sudy.
    Rosret
    16th Aug 2019
    12:52pm
    The human brain only works on one task at a time is absolute rubbish.
    We have 5 senses that all work simultaneously. We can be doing one thing see another and be thinking something quite obscure to either.

    In exams it is wise to read a question that one can't do or remember how to do and move on. The brain will be running random networks in the background and there is a good chance it may access the information before the end of the test.

    There is so much more to the human brain than a mono thought pattern male or female.

    However if they are trying to say men and women's brains function exactly the same then i beg to differ. You only have to look at the animal kingdom and it doesn't take long to figure out who is who.
    GeorgeM
    16th Aug 2019
    12:54pm
    Rubbish statements - both about multi-tasking and women doing more work. Both have the same capabilities, with men having more strength to do certain tasks. In fact, while men are hard at work, there are still many women enjoying themselves - just go and stand outside schools at pick-up time and you will see the number of women coming back in gym gear, gossiping in great social groups, or simply on smart phones enjoying themselves, while hubbies are at work!
    KSS
    16th Aug 2019
    2:36pm
    George M, you are very mistaken if you think women at the school gate in gym gear have been anywhere near a gym. It's called active wear and worn because it us comfortable not because the wearer is actually active. Appearances can be deceiving and this is a case in point!
    Triss
    16th Aug 2019
    3:47pm
    Well GeorgeM, your mind obviously doesn’t multitask. See something and bias drops into your mind and out through your mouth.
    GeorgeM
    18th Aug 2019
    9:43pm
    I just presented an alternative view to the biased article! Some can't handle the alternate truth, which may be the real truth, not bias!
    grumpyoldwoman
    16th Aug 2019
    2:37pm
    What a lot of cods!
    Intellego
    16th Aug 2019
    4:17pm
    I'd agree with the idea of men doing more work inside the house when I see more women doing manual labour outside the house that men typically do - ditch-digging, concreting, laying pipes, car maintenance and so on.
    TREBOR
    16th Aug 2019
    8:36pm
    Well, buggar me! Been saying that for years - it's just a load of tripe made up to try to make out that women are somehow 'better' when they are demonstrably not, since each individual is good at their own thing.

    Have yet to see a woman bring anything 'different' to the political table..... just regurgitating the same old party line, just like the boys. Same with business....

    The difference seems to be that men can focus better on a single thing to get to its end, not splatter themselves all over the landscape.
    GeorgeM
    18th Aug 2019
    9:48pm
    Another set of good points...
    I have also noticed some men hire women who carry out the tasks which men won't do such as lie for them / not deliver any outcomes - notice Trump's side-kicks, Kelly Anne, Sarah who retired, our own retired Julie, etc.
    Jacka
    16th Aug 2019
    10:04pm
    Obviously if you're slow, dopey, argumentative and require quotas to obtain a job, you would definitely need to work a little bit longer wouldn't you. The absolute truth, Cheers Jacka.


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