Sugar improves memory in over 60s, helps them work smarter

Sugar improves memory in older adults – and makes them more motivated.

Sugar improves memory in over 60s

Sugar improves memory in older adults – and makes them more motivated to perform difficult tasks at full capacity – according to new research by the University of Warwick.

The study found that increasing blood sugar levels not only improves memory and performance, but makes older adults feel happier during a task.

The researchers gave young (aged 18–27) and older (aged 65–82) participants a drink containing a small amount of glucose, and got them to perform various memory tasks. Other participants were given a placebo – a drink containing artificial sweetener.

The researchers measured participants’ levels of engagement with the task, their memory score, mood, and their own perception of effort.

They found that increasing energy through a glucose drink can help both young and older adults to try harder compared to those who had the artificial sweetener. For young adults, that’s where it ended, though: glucose did not improve either their mood or their memory performance.

However, older adults who had a glucose drink showed significantly better memory and more positive mood compared to older adults who consumed the artificial sweetener.

Although objective measures of task engagement showed that older adults in the glucose group put more effort into the task than those who consumed the artificial sweetener, their own reports showed that they did not feel as if they had tried any harder.

The authors concluded that short-term energy availability in the form of raised blood sugar levels could be an important factor in older adults’ motivation to perform a task at their highest capacity.

Heightened motivation, in turn, could explain the fact that increased blood sugar levels also increase older adults’ sense of self-confidence, decrease self-perceptions of effort, and improve mood. However, more research is needed to disentangle these factors in order to fully understand how energy availability affects cognitive engagement, and to develop clear dietary guidelines for older adults.

Study author Konstantinos Mantantzis said: “Over the years, studies have shown that actively engaging with difficult cognitive tasks is a prerequisite for the maintenance of cognitive health in older age. Therefore, the implications of uncovering the mechanisms that determine older adults’ levels of engagement cannot be understated.”

Read the full study.

Do you find sugar improves your memory? Are you more motivated to perform a difficult task if you are consuming sugar?

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    COMMENTS

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    HarrysOpinion
    21st Aug 2018
    10:34am
    Eventually, sugar will rot all of your teeth even if you you clean them daily.
    When you get to 70s, of course, you will remember the younger days when you had a full set of shining real teeth. Brilliant!
    Triss
    21st Aug 2018
    11:15am
    Perhaps it would have been better for the placebo group to be given a sugar/sweetener free drink or something chemical free like Stevia. The artificial/chemical sweetener could have had a detrimental effect and deadened motivation.
    MICK
    21st Aug 2018
    11:27am
    Not much helping me. I eat all too much sugar but trying to cut down because the health risks are significant, not that sugar companies will ever tell you that. There's been enough studies and documentaries to make the point though.
    ronloby
    21st Aug 2018
    11:32am
    What about Diabetics? How would a person with Diabetes cope?
    Ted Wards
    21st Aug 2018
    11:47am
    Wouldn't it be better to get the sugar through say a piece of fruit. Refined sugar is the most additive substance in the world.
    alinejordan
    21st Aug 2018
    11:55am
    stevia is a natural product, saccharin is synthetic!
    GrayComputing
    21st Aug 2018
    12:31pm
    I have mostly weaned of sugars and never took their horrible tasting or dangerous substitutes.
    Instead I have used a memory stabilising drug Oxiracetam (available USA only) for 10 years and I still do part time industrial programming and robotics software development work in my 70s. Able to compete with 25 year old geeks and do some mentoring too.
    OnlyDaughter
    21st Aug 2018
    12:48pm
    What a choice! Diabetes or memory failure?

    21st Aug 2018
    6:49pm
    Sugar is a toxin, and why diabetes is at epidemic levels around the world.
    GeorgeM
    21st Aug 2018
    8:39pm
    Wonder who funded this research - someone from the sugar industry?
    Charlie
    22nd Aug 2018
    1:00pm
    Causes overweight in uni students, the brain craving sugar
    musicveg
    26th Aug 2018
    6:38pm
    Initially it may give you a rush and perform better but then you will be faced with a slump and feel extremely tired later hence you will reach for more. Eating more fruit which is a balanced sugar and your body can process easier is the answer.


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