Older Australian women are most at risk of frailty, according to new research. However, there are simple interventions that can help senior Australians maintain their independence and improve their health.
Aged Care Minister Ken Wyatt said the Australian Government-funded frailty study outlines a life-changing opportunity.
“Frailty detection is a game-changer in helping senior Australians enjoy a healthier and more active future,” said Mr Wyatt.
“By taking the simple FRAIL five-point online test and following up with your GP as necessary, people have the opportunity to detect frailty before it hits, allowing them to take action to live better lives, remain in their own homes for longer and avoid potential hospitalisation.
“People classed as frail are more at risk from fall injuries, deteriorating health and premature death.”
The Australian-first study, conducted by aged care provider Benetas, took 3000 home-dwelling seniors aged 65 and over through the FRAIL Questionnaire Screening Tool test, targeting Fatigue, Resistance, Ambulation Illnesses and Loss of weight (FRAIL).
The study found:
the frailty prevalence rate was six per cent
38 per cent fell into the pre-frail category
slightly more than half (56 per cent) were categorised as robust
women were found to have a much higher incidence of frailty than men
five per cent of men were frail, compared with eight per cent of women
34 per cent of men were pre-frail compared with 41 per cent of women
almost half of the women surveyed were either frail or pre-frail, compared with less than 40 per cent of men.
“The results show frailty is not present in all seniors surveyed, suggesting it is not an inevitable result of ageing and may be prevented or treated,” said Mr Wyatt.
“Importantly, the study recommends that with the right support at the right time, frailty can be halted or even reversed by consulting with health professionals for safe, simple, inexpensive, practical interventions.”
modifying diet to include more proteins
taking Vitamin D supplements
increasing activity, including light resistance exercises and walking
evaluating prescription medication intake, in consultation with your GP.
Mr Wyatt encouraged all seniors to take the FRAIL test.
“We know Australians overwhelmingly want to remain in their own homes for as long as possible and that staying strong and healthy is the best way to achieve this,” he said.
“Early intervention strategies like the FRAIL test are critical and can also contribute to a more sustainable and efficient aged care system.”
The FRAIL test is available through the Positive Ageing Resource Centre.