Health conditions to expect in your 70s and how to prepare

Recommendations to help you prevent health conditions that are more common in your 70s.

Health conditions to expect in your 70s and how to prepare

Living in the 70’s was a massive hit for the Skyhooks, but the age is a lot less glamourous than living in the decade.

There are a number of health conditions and problems that will become more common when you are in your 70s, but there are activities you can undertake to help prevent these conditions from developing.

Here is a helpful list of the potential conditions and what you should be doing now to prepare.

Cardiovascular disease (CVD)
You should have an assessment of CVD risk every two years once you are in your 70s, unless your doctor already knows you are high risk. Your doctor may ask you questions and test your blood pressure and cholesterol as well as checking for other health conditions.

High blood pressure
You should have a blood pressure test every two years, or six to 12 months if you have a moderate risk of CVD and every six to 12 weeks if your risk is high.

Other ways to prevent high blood pressure include:

  • maintaining a waist measurement of less than 94cm for men and less than 80cm for women
  • limiting salt to 5mg per day, or 4mg per day if you have high blood pressure – this tool will help you check the amount of salt in processed food.

Cholesterol
It’s recommended you have your cholesterol and lipids checked every five years with a blood test, or every one to two years if you have a higher risk of CVD. You can help maintain a healthy cholesterol level with exercise and a healthy diet.

Diabetes
You should be tested every three years to see if you have type 2 diabetes, or every 12 months if you are at increased risk. Your doctor will organise a blood test to check your glucose level.

Kidney disease
Kidney disease should be assessed every one to two years, if you are at high risk. Risk factors can be similar to CVD or could involve an injury to your kidney. Your doctor may ask you a series of questions as well as checking your blood pressure and doing a urine test. You may need to take medicine to lower your blood pressure if it is high.

Bowel cancer
Every two years, it is recommended you have a test for bowel cancer using a Faecal Occult Blood Test (FOBT), even if you have no symptoms or family history of bowel cancer. You can stop testing when you are 74 if the tests have been clear. Your doctor will advise you if you should keep testing after that time.

The National Bowel Cancer Screening Program will send you a free FOBT every four years until you are 74. In 2020, this will occur every two years. With the FOBT you can take a sample of your faeces (poo) yourself.

Depending on your results, your doctor may recommend that you have a colonoscopy.

Osteoporosis
Osteoporosis occurs when bones lose minerals and become more brittle, putting them at risk of fractures.

Your doctor may ask you screening questions every 12 months to assess your risk. If you experience a fracture following a small bump or fall, this should be investigated further. This involves a simple scan with a machine, taking around 10 to 15 minutes. People over 70 who have a bone scan may be eligible for a Medicare rebate.

To help prevent osteoporosis, ensure you have 1300mg of calcium per day (if you are a woman) while men should consume 1000mg per day.

Tooth decay and gum disease
You can help prevent tooth decay and gum disease by:

  • brushing your teeth twice a day with fluoride toothpaste
  • spitting out the toothpaste, not rinsing
  • using dental floss
  • limiting foods and drinks high in acid and sugar
  • visiting a dentist every 12 months, or more if required.

Falls
When you are 70 or over, your doctor may assess your risk for falls every year, or every six months if you’ve already had a fall. If needed, your doctor may also give you special exercises to reduce your risk of falling, help you with aids at home, as well as reviewing any medicines that could make you unsteady.

Vision and hearing
You should have a hearing test each year and, if you and your doctor think you need it, an eye test.

What health tests do you do regularly now that you are in your 70s?

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    COMMENTS

    To make a comment, please register or login
    Mac
    28th Nov 2019
    12:29pm
    Yes, and you get to visit doctors, specialists, X-ray and other testing centres, and rehabilitation more frequently than you did when you were younger at great expense.
    Jennie
    28th Nov 2019
    12:52pm
    Yes, and it's to avoid over servicing.
    Bill
    28th Nov 2019
    4:44pm
    I'm only 68 so I might cut me throat now and avoid all this, eh
    devuman
    28th Nov 2019
    4:47pm
    You can take all these precautions (and should) and then still be at risk of something else not mentioned in the list happening. Research has shown that you are at greatest risk of dying if you are still alive.
    Here's an alternative piece of advice: With all the strife and troubles in the world today, you are at greatest risk of being a victim unless you are dead.
    rtrish
    28th Nov 2019
    7:16pm
    Yup, I’m entering those years and oh, boy, already it is not fun! Fortunately I’ve had a great doctor for many years who kept a close eye on me. When she retires, another will take me on.
    Incognito
    29th Nov 2019
    12:18am
    I am not there yet, and not expecting to have any of these problems, I am doing all I can to prevent disease, There are many people in their 70's and 80's who are fit and healthy without any issues. It is about making the right choices in diet and exercise. I do not even visit a doctor, they are always looking for something to diagnose, test and prescribe.
    Mez
    2nd Dec 2019
    12:50pm
    Good to know that you are doing well!
    Goes to show that a healthy lifestyle is necessary to prevent the doctors from becoming too rich but then the ones we see mostly in hospitals are those that don't care and have all the excuses under the sun to keep consuming excessive fatty and sweet foods and drinks and alcohol, smoke, and not active nor sleep enough hours.
    The adverse effects all catch up with you sooner or later!
    Incognito
    3rd Dec 2019
    2:38pm
    Thanks Mez, the only side effects from my medicine is being in a happy and positive mood, it's amazing what good wholefoods and exercise can do for you. We were never meant to eat processed packaged foods. I am always amazed at how much the supermarkets stock of packaged foods and drinks, 2 aisles of real food the rest is packaged!


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