Heart attack risk rises with BMI

A new Australian study has linked increases in BMI to cardiovascular disease risk.

Heart attack risk rises with BMI

The Sax Institute's 45 and Up study measured how increases in BMI increased the risk of a person going to hospital for a number of cardiovascular diseases. 158,000 NSW residents aged 45 and up with no history of heart disease over the previous four years were tracked during the study.

The study found that risk of heart attack and angina rises as a person’s BMI number rises regardless of factors such as exercise, or whether the person has diabetes or smokes. Each five unit increase in BMI (about 10kg of additional weight) increases the risk of heart attack and angina by 23 per cent.

The study found that the average man (175cm) would be at increased risk if he weighed more than 62kg while women of average height (162cm) are at increased risk from 53kg.

Read more from TheAge.

Cardiovascular disease is no joke

Heart attack, stroke and blood vessel diseases (cardiovascular disease) are the leading causes of death in Australia, claiming 45,600 lives alone during 2011. One in six Australians is affected by cardiovascular disease while 1.4 million Australians currently carry a disability preventing them from living a full life because of the disease.

Cardiovascular disease was the leading cause for hospitalisation in 2009-10 with 482,000 occurrences while it played a secondary role in the hospitalisation of a further 800,000 people. Recent analyses predict a continued rise in BMI for both males and females.

The way we live and work in Australia has changed significantly since the introduction of computers. Not only are we taking fewer steps per day meaning fewer calories are burnt, but the average Australian is consuming both food and drink which is highly processed and sugar laden and, as a consequence, becoming progressively overweight.

I have witnessed cardiovascular disease first hand with my mother having a heart attack two years ago. She was lucky in the sense that her heart attack was minor but, nevertheless, she has been left partially disabled. I’m hoping history doesn’t repeat itself when I am older and so will be monitoring my BMI very closely.

Have you or anyone you know ever had a heart attack, stroke or blood vessel diseases? Did this make you re-think your life style? Should we be limiting the amount of fatty and high sugar foods on sale in Australia?





    COMMENTS

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    Foxy
    24th Oct 2013
    11:49am
    No - we should not be limiting foods for sale in Australia! We have enough ridiculous "rules and regulations" pushed onto us by total strangers as it is!!! Let people be responsible for their own lives. I'm sick to death of almost every single day some righteous "do-gooder" is either in the newspapers or on TV telling us what we should and shouldn't do!
    Anonymous
    24th Oct 2013
    2:38pm
    Go Foxy
    Anonymous
    24th Oct 2013
    2:40pm
    From your photo drew you need to check your BMI
    Foxy
    24th Oct 2013
    3:21pm
    lol - cracked me up with that one Pete - hilarious - (poor Drew) ........
    Aloysius
    24th Oct 2013
    12:15pm
    Artificial preservatives and food colours are much bigger problems. Many are banned overseas but are in nearly all our processed foods and drinks leading to allergic reactions and migraine headaches for many people. Genetically modified foods are potential disasters as well. As far as sugar and fat goes, calories out need to exceed calories taken in. I agree that there is too much regulation n the wrong areas.
    tikiroo
    24th Oct 2013
    1:59pm
    Article says: "Each five unit increase in BMI (about 10kg of additional weight) increases the risk of heart attack and angina by 23 per cent."
    BUT
    I do not see where I can find out my "starting point" of BMI - as in "five unit increase" above what BMI ?
    Frank
    Anonymous
    24th Oct 2013
    2:16pm
    In that case, play safe and starts reducing your BMI by 5 units - will decrease your chance of a heart attack by 22%
    FrankC
    24th Oct 2013
    10:23pm
    Your body mass Index is calculated from your weight and height and correlates with total body fat. Your BMI will put you into a group of underweight, normal, overweight or obese.Being overweight will put you at a higher risk of developing a cardiovascular problem or disease. To calculate your BMI you divide your weight in kilograms, by your height in metres squared e.g. my BMI is 1.75 x 1,75 divided by my weight which is 73 kilos. This gives me a BMI of 23, which is in the normal range for a male.The figures Drew gives at the top in his article gives a BMI of 20.Normal range is 18 - 25. With the height Drew mentions , a male could go up to 76 kilos and still be in normal range.
    azpers
    24th Oct 2013
    3:57pm
    These statistics should be used by the Government to reduce our burgeoning health costs. Those people who are overweight and subject to possible cardiovascular disease (or other) should be refused hospital treatment if they become ill due to being overweight. The same with smokers. If you smoke, don't expect me to pay (through taxes) any medical treatment you may require. Get some discipline in your life. Don't expect others to pay for your weaknesses. No, I'm not overweight (I was), and I don't smoke. I do pay taxes.
    Foxy
    24th Oct 2013
    5:20pm
    ....smokers pay mega mega taxes on every single packet they purchase - they more than pay their way!! What sort of person are you to suggest that people should be refused hospital treatment!! People who may have cardiovascular disease aren't necessarily "smokers" or "overweight" ?- Thanks for your input you skinny - non smoking - taxpaying nerd - try getting a life - or a BIG MAC! Fun police all over again - geeeeez.............................
    catsahoy
    27th Oct 2013
    9:02pm
    yeshow dare you say people should be refused hospital treatment, how mean spirited are you? yes foxy,smokers DO pay their way, i was a smoker, but im now 74, but worked from 14 till 63 so have paid a lot of tax. PHAR, what bad habits do you have that may affect your health? dont say you have none, we all do something we shouldnt.
    catsahoy
    27th Oct 2013
    9:02pm
    yeshow dare you say people should be refused hospital treatment, how mean spirited are you? yes foxy,smokers DO pay their way, i was a smoker, but im now 74, but worked from 14 till 63 so have paid a lot of tax. PHAR, what bad habits do you have that may affect your health? dont say you have none, we all do something we shouldnt.
    Hasbeen
    24th Oct 2013
    5:11pm
    What a pile of smelly stuff. I'm with you Foxy, but would also like to gag all the big time doctors, biologists & other freaks who want to see their name in print quoted in these scare campaigns.

    I've had 3 heart attacks. I was lean & fit until I had them & had to slow down. My cholesterol & blood pressure were & still are quite low.

    I'm a steak & veg, or ham & salad man. None of that horrible mucky foreign pasta, rice & other stock foods for me. None of that shop bought stuff full of preservatives & colouring either, fresh all the way. None of this helped. It was only after the 3Rd attack that a cardiologist actually condescended to talk to me, an Indian lady I think she was.

    She explained that my problem was plaque lining my aging arteries. A small piece would flake off & travel along until it found a minor restriction, where it would block, or in my case partially block the artery, causing the heart attack. My partial blocking made mine reasonable survivable.

    She could not understand why I was not on cholesterol medication, not because of any high cholesterol problem, but because it would consolidate the plaque in my veins & arteries, greatly reducing the likelihood of any flaking off.

    I have been on this medication for 4.5 years now, with no further trouble.

    I have since discovered that the cholesterol medication had been prescribed after my first attack, but my doctor took me off it. As I don't have high cholesterol, he thought the medication was prescribed in error.

    Wouldn't it be nice if more specialists talked to their patients as if they were intelligent adults. I'm sure they would find many of us are quite intelligent, educated, & capable of understanding them.

    Pontificating from a great height, that we should take some pill, & not eat butter is not likely to have the same success rate, as telling us why, particularly when we subsequently find that even our GP did not understand the reason for the medication.
    Foxy
    24th Oct 2013
    5:33pm
    good on ya Hasbeen and glad u ok - listen - we all lived 40 -50 years ago and no-one - no-one knew this crap they talk about foods today, even existed? - We all lived on basic food stuffs - no '"supposed" organic crap - no nasty crop spraying - no hormones pumped into poor unsuspecting animals - no preservatives in food - just pure foods - I'm a believer this is why so many people are dying of cancer etc. these days? Who the hell knows what is in anything - anything - we buy these days? Scary!
    Aloysius
    24th Oct 2013
    7:00pm
    ABC TV program Catalyst tonight has an item on statins and cholesterol.
    Anonymous
    24th Oct 2013
    7:07pm
    "I'm a steak & veg, or ham & salad man. None of that horrible mucky foreign pasta, rice & other stock foods for me."

    For fark's sake man, experience life a little before you cark it.
    Italian, French, Greek, Turkish, Chinese, Indian, Japanese, Mexican...... All those wonderful flavours out there and all you eat is meat and 3 veg.
    On your diet, I would have died a natural death at 40 or committed suicide
    Hasbeen
    24th Oct 2013
    8:49pm
    Come on Jaguar, if we had smilies I would have put one in there. I thought I'd made the remark broad enough.

    Still, you won't get me to eat any of they prepared plastic food from supermarkets. When the power was off during the flood a neighbor showed me some now defrosted battered frozen fish. It showed the fillet shaped thing was made of 6 bits of fish glued together. Such delicious glue.

    On the other hand, I reckon it was lasagne that produced the Mafia. Having to eat the horrible stuff turned all those nice Italian boys to a life of crime.
    Hasbeen
    24th Oct 2013
    9:54pm
    Thanks for the tip Aloysius that was definitely the best Catalyst in a long time. It got so political I had stopped watching it.

    Just how usual is it in science that we find people talking as if they know something, when all they are doing is preaching the current dogma. This answered why my low cholesterol did not help me.

    I wonder how long it will be before we get catalyst doing a program tearing the CO2 global warming dogma to pieces in the same way. I guess about 10 years.
    Aloysius
    25th Oct 2013
    8:15am
    Catalyst on ABC TV last night asserted that the connection between high cholesterol and heart disease was a myth and was the greatest medical fraud in memory. It said that although cholesterol was always found at the site of damaged arteries, cholesterol was the body's repair mechanism and not the cause. The science used to make the correlation employed flawed statistics and was politically and commercially motivated. There was actually no proven link between cholesteriol levels and heart disease. Next week's Catalyst will address statins.
    Aloysius
    25th Oct 2013
    10:18am
    The only diet identified by Catalyst as having a correlation with lower levels of cardiovascular disease, was the Meditteranean diet. People in the study group had widely varying cholesterol levels and this did not appear to be a relevant factor.
    catsahoy
    27th Oct 2013
    8:41pm
    i did watch the CATALYST programme, it was very interesting for me, i have been told i have high cholesterol, at present its 3, but cant take the statins so will be interested in next weeks programe,and what they say about it, as an earlier post said, i think a lot of todays illness.ss are caused by the stuff thats been put on our food before we get it, you only have to look at the fruit in shops today, i used to love this time of year when i almost lived on stone fruit, its not worth buying at the moment, it is hard as rocks, and been refrigerated for heaven knows how long, i cant understand why when we have such beautiful fruit here, as for this B,M,I, my husband is 6ft 2 and has been 75 k for years but had a heart attack, i dont know mine but im 5ftand weigh 70k and had a stroke, we eat a good healthy diet, of fresh food, i dont eat frozen foods, god knows whats in them, but a mix of meat, pasta, and lots of veg, people can live the healthiest of lives and still have heart problems,
    Minsdad
    25th Oct 2013
    10:51am
    What a lot of twaddle. I am a male of 70 years who is 175 cms in height. I brought my weight from 91 kgs down to 81 kgs and have maintained that level for just on 2 years now. I exercise at a gym 3 times a week & eat a regular diet (not too strict). To have it said that I should lose another 19kgs to then be 62kgs to reduce my risk of Cardiovascular Disease is blxxdy ridiculous. I might as well go and jump off a bridge and end it all now. I have friends who are fat & thin who have had Heart attacks, blocked Carotid arteries & had to have double & triple bypasses. Some looked after their weight some didn't care. It will happen regardless of what you do.
    Foxy
    25th Oct 2013
    1:37pm
    exactly! I reckon it's all in the genes you inherit at birth ?!
    Young Simmo
    26th Oct 2013
    6:43pm
    Minsdad, I agree, and I have probably abused my chances over the years. Smoked non stop for 45 years and stopped in June 2000. Had a triple bypass 18 months later and now I am cruising along on my reconditioned engine 11 years later at 73 years. Father died of a heart attack age 43 in 1953, Mum and her 5 sisters, some still going all made 75 to 95. So the way I see it is I have had way more than I payed for and will not complain tomorrow, if I fall off the Perch tonight. It's just the way I am made.
    Pass the Ductape
    25th Oct 2013
    4:59pm
    What...!!??

    Heart attack and increased BMI in one instance.....and an ad for Pasta and Roast potato bake in another? Cheez.... C'mon Drew; how'd this one slip past you?
    Foxy
    25th Oct 2013
    5:22pm
    lol - cause Drew and a lot of us keep on living and eat what we like! Although I must confess the combination of pasta and roast spuds doesn't exactly "float my boat" - more like sink it! :-) be heavy enough!
    Pass the Ductape
    25th Oct 2013
    5:27pm
    And don't forget all that cheese Foxy!.....LOL
    Foxy
    26th Oct 2013
    3:33pm
    forgot about the cheese...the mind boggles..... :-)
    unicorn
    25th Oct 2013
    6:35pm
    Agree Foxy I do not think that making another rule is going to do any good. I am noy sure what the answer is but know from experience that being overweight is nor always so simple. For instance there is another reason why one member of our family is overweight and that is this person's goitre is not working properly! Yet this girl has put up with a lot of insults from family over the years who just assume that she overeats and I know for a fact that she does not. So please get your facts right before maling up another ruling.
    catsahoy
    27th Oct 2013
    8:52pm
    unicorn, so right about the weight, some people are just prone to being big and no amout of dieting will change it, i have a grand daughter who at 30 is very overweight, she has been like this since a child, she does not overeat or eat junk, and when she had her last child[ she has 2, 8 and 5] she had to go to ballarat as her local hospital said because of her size, they didnt have the facilitys if anything went wrong, some people are just that way and cant help it,
    catsahoy
    27th Oct 2013
    8:52pm
    unicorn, so right about the weight, some people are just prone to being big and no amout of dieting will change it, i have a grand daughter who at 30 is very overweight, she has been like this since a child, she does not overeat or eat junk, and when she had her last child[ she has 2, 8 and 5] she had to go to ballarat as her local hospital said because of her size, they didnt have the facilitys if anything went wrong, some people are just that way and cant help it,
    Peepo
    26th Oct 2013
    12:35am
    Just read Drew's article: I'm 162cm, have not been 53kg since I was a teenager many moons ago.
    However, my sister, 70, is 162cm, 48kg, has osteoporosis and can't put any weight on because she has dieted all her life.
    I wonder which one of us will have a heart attack first.
    I am 72 ans 70kg.
    Mangrovejelley
    5th Apr 2016
    7:34am
    Yes I agree to the amount of do gooders in this world, but you try to go anywhere on this planet where there is not any sugar products available, now where not even in remote villages of the 3 world all full of sugar foods and you can get bloody hungry in some of those places, excuse me that is worse than drugs not as accessible as sugar.sorry United States of Australia we will be worst off than them. If this country can control processed junk food we could be on a spiral upward with our health problems, until that happens the downward trend will keep happening.Go Jamie Oliver your on the right track,I grew up on Coke and chips my ignorant parents would say shut them up with it,it has not changed much.westerners think we are free we can eat anything we want and 3 rd world people are not they are more free in life and of health destroying foods than us.Ban rubbish foods I say.
    Mangrovejelley
    5th Apr 2016
    2:17pm
    Yes I agree to the amount of do gooders in this world, but you try to go anywhere on this planet where there is not any sugar products available, now where not even in remote villages of the 3 world all full of sugar foods and you can get bloody hungry in some of those places, excuse me that is worse than drugs not as accessible as sugar.sorry United States of Australia we will be worst off than them. If this country can control processed junk food we could be on a spiral upward with our health problems, until that happens the downward trend will keep happening.Go Jamie Oliver your on the right track,I grew up on Coke and chips my ignorant parents would say shut them up with it,it has not changed much.


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