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Human Health & Wellbeing & ALL THINGS SCIENCE IN OUR WORLD!



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As I have mentioned before Husband was diagnosed late Feb with Leukemia, he had chemo treatment for five days in hospital and since then has had regular blood tests.  The last one was last week, happy to say that all but one of the tests came back in the lower range of normal.

Having been wiped out of many positives in his body during chemo his one area that is slow to improve, according to the specialist is the Lymphocytes.

From nothing the readings have crept up to 1.3, now 1.6 he has to get at least up to 1.0 before he can mix in public! It doesn't help much with the Coronavirus 19. hanging around!      So I shop cautiously with protection;  I am sure from the stares I receive people think I am infected!  I am more scared of taking home the common cold that anything. So I wear the blue gloves.  

Mostly we stay at home and have done since February apart from a visit to the GP, Hospital and chemists. 

When husband was in having his treatment there had to have been about 50 other patients having similar treatment and I often wonder how they are all doing in this very stressful time for all their families too.

As the specialist said, no take aways, or frozen foods, everything has to be cooked freshly to gain the health he needs to get back into the walk of life.

It didn't help 3 weeks ago when the microwave glass door exploded! So no microwave cooking at all, I cannot even heat the heat pad up for the arthritis!

So each day or most days I am cooking fresh soup!   We will be sprouting feathers soon!  LOL

Antibiotic resistance breakthrough as 'poison arrow' drug can kill dangerous bacteria including super gonorrhoea without bugs developing resistance

Researchers at Princeton University in the US tested a compound, called SCH-79797, against 25 of the most dangerous bacteria resistant to antibiotics.


Sea snail venom used to create a new type of insulin that could provide a 'safer and more effective' treatment for type-1 diabetes


Sea snail venom used to create a new type of insulin for diabetes treatment







The new insulin mimics the ultra-fast-acting properties of the sea snail venom to lower blood sugar levels, without long-term side effects seen in other types of diabetes treatment. University of Utah led scientists developed what they call the world's smallest, fully functional version of the insulin hormone from the venom.


Listening to Mozart's Sonata for Two Pianos once a day can help to reduce the number of seizures in patients with epilepsy, study shows


Researchers from Canada found that the beneficial effect of the composition by the Austrian maestro is not conferred by a similar, scrambled version of the piece.


Lead author Dr Emily Loeb says parents, educators and doctors should be aware of how parents' attempts to control teens may be stunting their progress. Stock image  

Teenagers with overly strict parents when they are young struggle to form emotional relationships when they get older, researchers claim.

Researchers from the University of Virginia found that children with overbearing and controlling parents at 13 also have trouble with educational attainment by age 32. 

This goes against the traditional maxim of 'spare the rod, spoil the child', with researchers saying strict parents risk harming their child's long-term prospects




This makes interesting reading!

Hydralyte: What’s Really in Your Sports Drink?

I’m sure many people give Hydralyte to their children – or take it themselves – when they are unwell or dehydrated. According to its website, Hydralyte is a ‘scientifically formulated’ oral rehydration solution for the effective treatment of dehydration. It is marketed as being ‘suitable for the whole family’ – but having a close look at the ingredients. Hydralyte is certainly not something I would give to my children – or anyone for that matter.

Extensive marketing campaigns have seen Hydralyte become the ‘go to’ product when children become unwell or dehydrated – with iceblock versions, powders and tablets in a range of flavours that would appeal to children including Orange and Apple Blackcurrant Hydralyte. Apparently, again according to their website, ‘children think of them as a treat rather than medicine!’ which is a bit scary in itself.

What is Hydralyte made from?

(Note we have chosen to look at the ‘orange’ flavoured Hydralyte)

Ingredients: sodium chloride, potassium citrate, sodium benzoate, potassium sorbate, sucralose, orange colour, natural flavours, glucose, citric acid monohydrate

Let’s have a closer look at each of these ingredients.

Sodium Chloride (aka: table salt, NACI, common salt, halite, rock salt, saline, iodised salt, purex, isotonic saline): all impurities and trace minerals are removed during processing and refining and fortified with potassium iodide and dextrose to stabilize the iodide. Man-made, heavily refined and bleached white (not as nature intended), it can increase blood pressure and has addictive properties as it increases cravings, meaning your body is actually craving the missing minerals.

It contains calcium silicate as the anti-caking agent to prevent the salt clumping as well as dextrose and potassium iodide.

The body has difficulty processing refined salt and it upsets the body’s fluid balance as it is not in its natural state. It causes cell dehydration and water retention as your body requires 23 x more cell water to dissolve the salt causing your cells to become dehydrated.

Sodium chloride can also remove certain bacteria in bodily secretions.

Potassium Citrate: Also known as tripotassium citrate, 332 or E332, it is a potassium salt of citric acid. It may contain MSG and can be made from GM corn. It’s a white, odourless powder with a saline taste and acts as an acidity regulator or stabiliser.

The side effects of potassium citrate include provoking symptoms of those who are reactive to MSG such as irregular heartbeat, muscle weakness or lethargy, severe stomach pain, and numbness or tingling in hands, feet, or mouth, mild nausea or upset stomach, mild or occasional diarrhoea. It is found in infant food, anti-aging products and sunscreen.

Orange Colour: Also known as carotene, 160a or E160a, Beta-apo-8, 160e, E160e, Beta-apo-8 carotenoic acid or methyl ethyl ester, flavoxanthin, 161a, Lutein, 161b, E161b.

Many colours are made from azo dyes and petroleum by products so it is just another thing that should be avoided. Some colours have been banned in other countries while still allowed in Australia, the US and New Zealand.

Orange colour may be from a fungus or marine algae or from the microbial fermentation process from corn and soybean oil which is most likely GM, however it is usually made synthetically.

People sensitive to MSG, aspirin or amines should avoid this as concentrated natural colours like this are high in salicylates, amines and/ or glutamates. It is prohibited in foods for infants.

Xanthophylls compete with carotenes for absorption into the body and are found in jam, jelly, tomato sauce and many other processed foods, cosmetics, soap, dietary supplements, margarine, medicines.

Natural Flavours: Nature Identical Flavour, flavour, natural flavour and artificial flavour are much the same substance with a few subtle changes to the beginning process. If it is nature identical or natural it means that the food flavour began with the actual food but in the end they all end up the same.

For instance here are the ingredients (if you can call them that) of strawberry flavouring (Source Eric Schlosser’s Fast Food Nation): amyl acetate, amyl butyrate, amyl valerate, anethol, anisyl formate, benzyl acetate, benzyl isobutyrate, butyric acid, cinnamyl isobutyrate, cinnamyl valerate, cognac essential oil, diacetyl, dipropyl ketone, ethyl acetate, ethyl amylketone, ethyl butyrate, ethyl cinnamate, ethyl heptanoate, ethyl heptylate, ethyl lactate, ethyl methylphenylglycidate, ethyl nitrate, ethyl propionate, ethyl valerate, heliotropin, hydroxyphenyl-2-butanone (10 percent solution in alcohol), α-ionone, isobutyl anthranilate, isobutyl butyrate, lemon essential oil, maltol, 4-methylacetophenone, methyl anthranilate, methyl benzoate, methyl cinnamate, methyl heptine carbonate, methyl naphthyl ketone, methyl salicylate, mint essential oil, neroli essential oil, nerolin, neryl isobutyrate, orris butter, phenethyl alcohol, rose, rum ether, γ-undecalactone, vanillin, and solvent.

So when you read flavouring of any type in your supplements don’t think it is just one ingredient it is around 48 chemicals and ingredients.

Sodium Benzoate: Also known as 211 or E211, sodium salt of benzoic acid is petroleum derived. It acts as a preservative and its side effects include hyperactivity, skin irritation, headaches, stomach upset, organ toxicity and asthma. People sensitive to aspirin should avoid it and it may damage DNA in cells. It is prohibited in food for infants and found in pet food, vaccines, medicines, cosmetics, jam, fruit juice, pickles and soft drinks.

Potassium Sorbate: Also known as 202 or E202, potassium salt of sorbic acid is derived from petroleum. It acts as a preservative in foods and side effects include hyperactivity, allergic rhinitis, stomach upset, allergic reactions, headaches, skin irritations and asthma. Prohibited in foods for infants, it is found in icings, confections, jam, sunscreen and cosmetics.

Sucralose: Also known as 955, E955, spleda, it is a sweetener made from sugar and chlorine. It can cause shrunken thymus glands and enlarged liver and kidneys in animals, weak mutagen and may cause headaches, migraines, skin rashes. It is prohibited in foods sold for infants and is found in soft drinks and confectionary.

Glucose: Glucose is a wheat or grain based sugar (others include dextrose, malto-dextrin, xylitol, high fructose corn syrup, fructose, brown rice syrup, barley malt, corn sweetener, corn syrup, invert sugar, malt syrup, maltose, oat syrup, rice bran syrup and sorghum syrup, to name a few).

These sugars are primarily made from GM wheat and corn which are produced in a chemical laboratory and are, as a group, around 40% cheaper than plain old sugar (also known as sucrose). In nature, simple sugars are never found alone, they are always surrounded by other simple sugars, amino acids, fats and vitamins and minerals.

There are several reasons I don’t consume these sugars. Firstly because they could be genetically modified and once again I don’t want to be part of some giant human experiment with GM foods, secondly they are not made by food. They may begin as a food but through a bunch of chemical reactions they become a simple sugar and I’m not prepared to eat them no matter how safe I’m told they are.

Citric Acid Monohydrate – Also known as 330 and  E330, it is made from the fermentation of molasses by Aspergillus niger or from GM corn, and may contain MSG.

It’s an acidity regulator and can provoke symptoms in those that react to MSG and gastrointestinal symptoms are also possible. It is found in wine, infant foods, marmalade, anti-aging products and shampoos.

So what is a natural alternative to Hydralyte?

I make my own hydration drink which relies on a few healing and nourishing ingredients to help the body adapt to the stress of exercise. It works to balance the harmful stress hormones that rise during anaerobic workouts to reduce the toll on your body.

Let’s have a closer look at my ingredients.

Rapadura Sugar or Raw Honey: Raw honey is a nourishing food and has a lot of health giving properties. It has been used as a food and medicine for many years. It works as an antiseptic and provides many minerals, vitamins and amino acids and other bio-active substances. We do not recommend sourcing pasteurised honey as it’s stripped of medicinal properties and benficial enzymes and many are cut with corn syrup. Choose raw, organic and local honey if possible. If you don’t have honey on hand you can also use the Changing Habits Rapadura Sugar (however it may not dissolve as well).

Cortisol levels spike during exercise and particularly during anaerobic exercise. These rising cortisol levels aren’t dangerous, however if you have a damaged metabolism or unbalanced hormones it can be an issue. By adding the sugar or honey, this helps to down-regulate the production of stress hormones (like cortisol) and as the honey/ sugar is a source of energy it plays an important role in helping the body to reduce the metabolic and cellular stresses of anaerobic exercise.

Camu Camu: A great addition to the recipe Changing Habits Camu Camu is so beneficial for our health and increasing our immune systems. It is a natural, potent source of Vitamin C (it contains approximately 460 times the Vitamin C found in an orange) and contains other nutrients that will help with strengthening the numerous systems in the body, including bioflavonoids, amino acids, serine, valine and leucine plus the three B vitamins, thiamine, riboflavin and niacin, all in their natural form as nature intended, bound with other micro and macro nutrients. It is also easily digestible.

Seaweed Salt: There are many reasons the Changing Habits Seaweed Salt is such an important ingredient in this sports drink recipe. Here are some of the benefits of adding salt to our sports drink:

• supports healthy hydration by providing electrolytes and trace minerals
• encourages better blood sugar control
• is a natural anti-histamine
• helps to support overall metabolic health during exercise
• reduces blood cortisol levels and therefore, helps to suppress the harmful effects of cortisol.

Minerals: Because our soils are so depleted in minerals and our diets lack the addition of sea vegetables, we highly recommend adding our Changing Habits Colloidal Minerals. Many people find that adding this to their daily diet just gives them a sense of vitality, less cramps, better sleep, reduced cravings and more.

So here’s my recipe for a natural alternative to Hydralyte:

Changing Habits Sports Drink

Makes 8 cups (you can easily half the mixture or make as needed)


• 8 cups filtered water or half coconut water  (a natural source of electrolytes)
• 3 Tbs. raw organic honey or Rapadura Sugar 
• 0.5 -1 tsp Seaweed Salt
• 4-6 tsp Colloidal Minerals 
• 1 tsp Camu Camu


Mix all ingredients together and store in glass jars in the fridge. It keeps in the fridge for about a week. Sip it slowly during a workout.

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