The Meeting Place

Today's Chat, No Set Topic


.........................................Something comes into your mind? share it, as everyone is different so all topics have followers :) Happy thoughts, sad thoughts or just reflective thoughts - let's enjoy chatting without agro or nastiness. Who knows what we might learn from each other..........................................:) 

(A combination of Lets Chat and Today in memory of Gerry, Geomac and Seth.) 

Please keep it general so all can be included not about subjects that can aggravate like Politics or Religion. 

Today's Date Sunday 7th May 2017 

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Thanks for the morning read RnR.



There were some good artists in the Namatjira family. Hermansberg was where they came from as I recall.

The families would sell them around the pubs etc in the Alice in the early 60s but appeared to be unaware what was really good and very average. Some very good paintings were sold for very little at that time.

Take it easy.



Wish I'd been there Shaggy.

27 July – Day of Victory in the Great Fatherland Liberation War (North Korea)

On this day:

1054 – Siward, Earl of Northumbria invades Scotland and defeats Macbeth, King of Scotland somewhere north of the Firth of Forth.
1694 – A Royal charter is granted to the Bank of England.
1890 – Vincent van Gogh shoots himself and dies two days later.
1953 – Fighting in the Korean War ends when the United States, China, and North Korea sign an armistice agreement. South Korea refuses to sign but pledges to observe the armistice.
1953 – Actor and film director, Yahoo Serious is born in the Hunter Valley, New South Wales.
1991 – German fraudster and head of the National Safety Council of Australia, John Friedrich suicides at his farm in Sale, Victoria.
1999 – The Swiss canyoning disaster takes place at Saxetenbach Gorge near Interlaken in Switzerland. Twenty-one tourists, fourteen of them Australian, are killed.
2005 – After 10 years in power Bob Carr resigns as Premier of New South Wales and is replaced by Morris Iemma on 3 August.

Siward invades Scotland in 1054 and defeats Macbeth

Siward, Earl of Northumbria was a powerful regional strongman in England who emerged during the reign of Cnut/Canute the Great, 1016–1035. Cnut was a Scandinavian ruler who conquered England in the 1010s and Siward was probably one of the many Scandinavians who came to England in the aftermath of the conquest. He entrenched his position in northern England by marrying Aelfflaed, the daughter of Ealdred, Earl of Bamburgh. After killing Ealdred's successor Eadulf in 1041, Siward gained control of all Northumbria.

Macbeth painted by Dutch artist Jacob de Wet II. Scotland, 1673.

Siward is perhaps most famous for his expedition in 1054 against Macbeth, King of Scotland, an expedition that cost Siward his eldest son, Osbjorn. The origin of Siward's conflict with the Scots is unclear. Mac Bethad mac Findlaich (1005–1057), anglicised as Macbeth MacFindlay or Macbeth MacFinley, was King of the Scots from 1040 until his death.

Photograph Dunsinane Hill from Black Hill. Joe Dorward, 2006.

During the invasion of 1054, a battle was fought somewhere in Scotland north of the Firth of Forth, a battle known variously as the "Battle of the Seven Sleepers" or the "Battle of Dunsinane". The tradition that the battle actually took place at Dunsinane has its origins in later medieval legend. The earliest mention of Dunsinane as the location of the battle is in the early 15th century by Andrew of Wyntoun.

Siward, Earl of Northumbria invades Scotland and defeats Macbeth, King of Scotland.

“At this time earl Siward went with a great army into Scotland, with both fleet and a land-force; and fought against the Scots, and put to flight the king Mac Bethad, and slew all that were best in the land, and brought thence much war-spoil, such as no man obtained before; And there were slain his son Osbjorn, and his sister's son Siward, and some of his housecarls (manservants or household troops), and also of the king's, on the day of the Seven Sleepers (July 27).”

— Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, recension D.

Death of Earl Siward. James Smetham, a 19th-century representation of Earl Siward readying for death.

Siward died in 1055, leaving one son, Waltheof, who would eventually succeed to Northumbria.

Macbeth did not survive the English invasion for long. He was defeated and mortally wounded or killed by the future Malcolm III on the north side of the Mounth in 1057. Macbeth's stepson Lulach was installed as king soon after.

Macbeth is best known as the subject of William Shakespeare's tragedy Macbeth and the many works it inspired.

Bank of England

The Bank of England, formally the Governor and Company of the Bank of England, is the central bank of the United Kingdom and the model on which most modern central banks have been based. Established in 1694, it is the second oldest central bank in operation today. The Bank of England is the world's 8th oldest bank. The Bank's headquarters have been in London's main financial district, the City of London, on Threadneedle Street, since 1734.

Headquarters of the Bank of England.

England's crushing defeat by France, the dominant naval power, in naval engagements culminating in the 1690 Battle of Beachy Head, became the catalyst for England's rebuilding itself as a global power. England had no choice but to build a powerful navy. No public funds were available, and the credit of William III's government was so low in London that it was impossible for it to borrow the money the project required.

The sealing of the Bank of England Charter, 1694.

The establishment of a bank was devised by Charles Montagu, 1st Earl of Halifax, in 1694. He proposed a loan of £1.2m to the government; in return the subscribers would be incorporated as The Governor and Company of the Bank of England with long-term banking privileges including the issue of notes. The Royal Charter was granted on 27 July through the passage of the Tonnage Act 1694. Public finances were in such dire condition at the time that the terms of the loan were that it was to be serviced at a rate of 8% per annum, and there was also a service charge of £4,000 per annum for the management of the loan.

The first bank governor was Sir John Houblon, who is depicted in the £50 note issued in 1994.

Vincent van Gogh

Vincent Willem van Gogh was a Dutch Post-Impressionist painter who is among the most famous and influential figures in the history of Western art. In just over a decade he created about 2,100 artworks, including around 860 oil paintings, most of them in the last two years of his life in France, where he died. They include landscapes, still lifes, portraits and self-portraits, and are characterised by bold colours and dramatic, impulsive and expressive brushwork that contributed to the foundations of modern art.

The Starry Night, June 1889. Sunflowers, August 1889. Self-Portrait, 1887.

Van Gogh was unsuccessful during his lifetime and considered by some as a madman and a failure. He suffered from psychotic episodes and delusions and although worried about his mental stability, he often neglected his physical health, did not eat properly and drank heavily. His friendship with Gauguin ended after a confrontation with a razor, when in a rage, he severed part of his own left ear. Van Gogh spent several periods under psychiatric care in hospitals and asylums.

Paintings from his time in the hospital in Arles, 1889. Self portrait, courtyard, ward.

His depression continued and on 27 July 1890, aged 37, Van Gogh shot himself in the chest with a revolver. He died from his injuries two days later.

Wheat Field with Crows, July 1890.

Wheat Field with Crows, painted in July of 1890, is one of Van Gogh’s paintings of the fields surrounding Auvers-sur-Oise and is frequently believed to be his last painting.

Korean War

The Korean War (25 June 1950 – 27 July 1953) began when North Korea invaded South Korea. Korea was ruled by Imperial Japan from 1910 until the closing days of World War II. In August 1945, the Soviet Union declared war on Imperial Japan. As a result of an agreement with the United States, Korea was liberated north of the 38th parallel. U.S. forces subsequently moved into the south. By 1948, as a product of the Cold War between the Soviet Union and the United States, Korea was split into two regions, with separate governments. Both claimed to be the legitimate government of all of Korea, and neither accepted the border as permanent.

The conflict escalated into open warfare when North Korean forces—supported by the Soviet Union and China—moved into the south on 25 June 1950, sparking a war that would ultimately cost the lives of four million people and which still hasn’t been satisfactorily resolved today. On 27 June, the United Nations Security Council authorised the formation and dispatch of UN forces to Korea to repel what was recognised as a North Korean invasion.

The Liberal government of Australia, led by Prime Minister Robert Menzies, immediately responded to the UN resolution by offering military assistance. 17,000 Australians served in the Korean War between 1950 and 1953. They suffered 339 dead, and 1200 wounded.

The treatment and evacuation of wounded Australian soldiers. North Korea, October 1950.

The fighting ended on 27 July 1953, when an armistice was signed. The agreement created the Korean Demilitarised Zone to separate North and South Korea, and allowed the return of prisoners.

However, no peace treaty has been signed, and the two Koreas are technically still at war.

Yahoo Serious

Yahoo Serious (born 27 July 1953), born Greg Gomez Pead, is an Australian film actor, director, and score composer. He is best known for his 1988 comedy Young Einstein. He also created Reckless Kelly in 1993 and Mr. Accident in 2000.

Serious wrote, directed, produced, starred in and composed the scores for his movies. They were moderate hits in Australia but failed outside of the country.

John Friedrich

Johann Friedrich Hohenberger OAM (7 September 1950 – 27 July 1991), also known as John Friedrich, was executive director of the National Safety Council of Australia during the 1980s. He was the subject of Victoria's biggest fraud case and known as "Australia's greatest conman".

On 20 January 1975, Hohenberger arrived in Melbourne on a flight from Auckland, New Zealand. According to Department of Immigration records, Hohenberger left Australia on a flight to Singapore on 22 January. It is thought he tricked Australian Customs into believing he had boarded a plane but remained in Australia. Using the name John Friedrich and fake qualifications, Hohenberger obtained a contract with construction company Codelfa Cogefar, working on part of the Melbourne underground rail loop.

He subsequently worked for the Board of Ecumenical Missions and Relations, a Uniting Church in Australia organisation responsible for the Church's Aboriginal missions. Friedrich moved to the BOEMAR mission on Mornington Island where he acted as a coastal watcher for the Royal Australian Navy, a fisheries officer, a licensee for the government-owned pub, an agent for a shipping company and airline that serviced the island and a reporting officer for the Department of Civil Aviation.

In November 1976, Friedrich applied for the position of safety engineer with the National Safety Council of Australia, Victorian Division. Friedrich began working for the NSCA in January 1977 and became executive director of NSCA in 1982 when he began to transform it into a national search and rescue organisation. He built up the company with loans in which 27 banks agreed to lend millions of dollars with little more surety than Friedrich's word. Following the financial collapse of NSCA in 1989, Friedrich went into hiding.

After a nationwide and international manhunt, involving all Australian police forces and Interpol, he was arrested in Perth, Western Australia on 6 April 1989. Friedrich was initially charged with one count of obtaining financial advantage by deception. On 1 November, he was charged on a further 91 counts of obtaining property by deception. In subsequent investigations, it was discovered that Friedrich was not an Australian citizen, did not possess any valid birth certificate and did not appear on any electoral roll. This caused considerable embarrassment to the Department of Defence, which had given him a security clearance and almost unlimited access to Royal Australian Air Force bases.

On 23 July 1991, Friedrich appeared in court for fraud involving $296,662,436.99.

On 27 July 1991, Friedrich was found dead on his farm near Sale, Victoria with a single gunshot wound to the head. His death was ruled to be suicide.

Saxetenbach Gorge canyoning disaster

Saxetenbach Gorge is a narrow ravine near Interlaken above Lake Brienz in Switzerland. On 27 July 1999, an accident occurred in Saxetenbach Gorge in which 21 young people from Australia, New Zealand, England, South Africa, and Switzerland died.

Rescue workers search for victims of the flash flooding in the Saxetenbach River Gorge. Site memorial.

Forty-eight people from two coach tour parties had elected an optional side event of canyoning. It was organized by Adventure World, a now defunct company located in Wilderswil, not far from Saxeten. At 6 pm, flash floods began pouring through the gorge and 21 people within the group were swept to their deaths; 18 were tourists, including 14 Australians and three were canyon guides.

In 2001, some of the staff at Adventure World were charged in connection with the deaths. A total of six staff members were found guilty of manslaughter through culpable negligence and given suspended sentences of between two and five months and fined between 4,000 and 7,500 Swiss francs.

Bob Carr

Robert John Carr (born 28 September 1947) is a former politician from Australia. A member of the Labor Party, he served in the government of Australia as Minister for Foreign Affairs from March 2012 to September 2013, while also serving in the Australian Senate as a Senator for New South Wales.

Bob Carr opening negotiations on an arms trade treaty, United Nations, New York 20 March 2013.

From 4 April 1995 to 3 August 2005, Carr was the Premier of New South Wales. He was the longest continuously serving Premier of the state. After a decade as Premier, Carr announced his resignation both as Premier and as the Member for Maroubra on 27 July 2005 to be effective from 3 August. His successor as Premier was former Health Minister Morris Iemma.


Great read RnR, here is an interesting article by Chris Uhlmann about Bob Carr For those with a pay wall

There are many sins of commission in Bob Carr’s crack at ­debunking his straw man version of the Four Corners-Fairfax investigation into Beijing’s influence in Australia.

More fascinating are its sins of omission.

The joint investigation examined Chinese Communist Party activities that ranged from directing student groups, through threatening pro-democracy advocates to effectively controlling most Chinese-language media in Australia.

We also reported that, in 2015, ASIO warned the Liberal, Labor and National parties that two of their big donors had Chinese Communist Party links. The parties chose to keep taking money from both.

The two are Chinese-born billionaire property developers Chau Chak Wing and Huang ­Xiangmo. As we reported, Chau is an Australian citizen. Huang has applied for citizenship but it has stalled while ASIO assesses it.

READ MORE One donation is not a scandal

Between them they have given $6.7 million to the Coalition and Labor, which puts the pair in the front rank of the most generous individual political donors in the land. They are also huge academic benefactors and have been particularly generous to University of Technology Sydney.

Carr does not name either, which is curious because he knows both men well.

As NSW premier, he employed Chau’s daughter as an adviser. Perhaps he believed this detail ­immaterial, and that is arguable.

But given Carr writes as director of the Australia China Relations Institute at UTS, then Huang surely rated a mention.

In 2014, Huang donated $1.8m to help set up ACRI. Two years later he boasted to Primrose Riordan, now of this newspaper, that he had hand-picked Carr for the ­director’s job.

“When we established the ­institute, ACRI, someone recommended an even more influential figure from politics to me but I ­decided to invite Bob Carr ­because I consider him to be a very good academic,” Huang said.

Others are less enthusiastic about ACRI’s academic credentials. The institute is at the heart of a live discussion among Australia’s universities over whether academic inquiry is being distorted by an over-reliance on Chinese money. That topic is worthy of its own investigation.

So let’s leave the case of Chau to one side and just examine the one piece of evidence that Carr will admit: that our story only turned up “a single big donation from a Chinese national”.

The nub of ASIO’s concern about Huang is that his money might come with strings attached, so we tested that idea.

We reported that in the lead-up to last year’s federal election, Huang pulled a $400,000 pledge to Labor, after its defence spokesman said Australia should let the navy challenge the 12-nautical-mile zones around the islands ­Beijing is militarising in the South China Sea.

The next day senator Sam Dastyari joined Huang at a press conference called exclusively for Chinese-language media. There Dastyari said: “The South China Sea is China’s own affair.”

Pause to consider how those words and images would have been interpreted when broadcast in China: an Australian politician standing beside a billionaire ­patron repudiating his party’s foreign policy and embracing Beijing’s. Then imagine what the Communist Party would do to the official and the donor if the circumstances were reversed.

A week later, as Huang continued to withhold the promised $400,000, he was front and centre at another press conference, where Labor announced it had put his political ally, businessman and active ALP member Simon Zhou, on the last spot on the ALP’s Senate ticket.

Huang spoke to China’s state broadcaster at the event.

“As China’s power keeps rising, the status of overseas Chinese is also rising,” he said.

“Now overseas Chinese realise that they need to make their ­voices heard in politics. To safeguard Chinese interests and let Australian ­society pay more ­attention to the Chinese.”

We also reported that Dastyari was so concerned about Huang’s stalled citizenship that he directly petitioned the Immigration ­Department about it on at least two occasions. Either he or his ­office called two more times. Labor says these were routine constituent matters.

Then there is the proximity of some of the donations to political events, including the parachuting of Huang’s ally, Ernest Wong, into NSW parliament. Wong stepped into the upper house seat vacated by a once-influential figure in the ALP right, Eric Roozendaal. Huang later employed Roozendaal.

So without access to ASIO’s resources, a reasonable person might conclude that there was some merit in the agency’s concerns about Huang.

Carr also dismisses the evidence of the Chinese embassy’s direct hand in organising students for mass events such as the welcome of Premier Li Keqiang. Again, he ignores a key point.

Nick McKenzie asked student leader Lupin Lu if she would tell the embassy if any students were organising a human rights protest. “Yes,” she said. “I would definitely, just to keep all the students safe and to do it for China as well.”

Carr ignores the 10-day detention and questioning in China of fellow UTS academic Feng Chongyi. Feng said the state ­security officials wanted details about his contacts in Australia and believed his interrogation was designed to send a signal to other academics not to trespass in sensitive areas. Carr’s critique also omits mention of the threats made by authorities against the China-based parents of Australian resident and pro-democracy advocate ­Anthony Chang.

Nor does he respond to the testimony of Don Ma that state ­security officials in Beijing forced a migration agent to stop adver­tising with his Australia-based, Chinese-language newspapers because he ran stories that irked the Communist Party.

This is not an exhaustive list, so it is hard to reconcile Carr’s ­assertion that every nation ­behaves here in the way that China does.

Our security agencies appear not to be as sanguine. ASIO director-general Duncan Lewis told parliament that espionage and foreign interference are occurring here “on an unprecedented scale”.

“And this has the potential to cause serious harm to the nation’s sovereignty, the integrity of our political system, our national ­security capabilities, our economy and other interests,” Lewis said.

Which man would you entrust your nation’s security to?

Just a thought.

Chris Uhlmann is the ABC’s political editor



Also read some time back about the theory that Vincent Van Gough was murdered, but the facts didn't measure up.


Oh what tangled webs we (Carr & Co) weave Toot ... after centuries ... on this day 27 July. Earl Siward and Macbeth (or his missus) would have been proud!!

John Friedrich (Aussie conman extraordinaire) would have probably tried to get yet another bank loan to monetise the phenomenon (Bank of England @ 8%, £4,000 per annum fees, 27 July 1694) whilst cowboy OS tour promoters sent another few Aussie clients to die in canyon 'adventures' in Switzerland.

As for Vincent, sad story when you read his history.

"Despite a pessimistic diagnosis, Van Gogh recovered and returned to the Yellow House on 7 January 1889. He spent the following month between hospital and home, suffering from hallucinations. In March, the police closed his house after a petition by 30 townspeople who described him as "le fou roux" (the redheaded madman). Van Gogh returned to hospital. Paul Signac visited him twice in March; in April Van Gogh moved into rooms owned by Dr Rey after floods damaged paintings in his own home. Two months later, he left Arles and voluntarily entered an asylum in Saint-Rémy-de-Provence. Around this time, he wrote, "Sometimes moods of indescribable anguish, sometimes moments when the veil of time and fatality of circumstances seemed to be torn apart for an instant."

RIP to all those who imploded/expired on this day in history, for one reason or another. History will tell as they say ... and I suppose.


That was an interesting mix.

Keep it coming.


SAVE AUSTRALIA DAYAndrew Bolt, Herald SunJuly 27, 2017 10:33am

Mark Latham yesterday launched an important campaign: "Sign the petition to save our history and Save Australia Day now! Malcolm Turnbull and Bill Shorten must support Australia Day remaining on 26 January each year as a celebration of the achievements of Western civilisation in our wonderful country."

Vote now 

28 July – World Hepatitis Day

On this day:

1540 – Thomas Cromwell is executed at the order of Henry VIII of England on charges of treason. Henry marries his fifth wife, Catherine Howard, on the same day.
1854 – USS Constellation, the last all-sail warship built by the United States Navy, is commissioned.
1866 – At the age of 18, Vinnie Ream becomes the first and youngest female artist to receive a commission from the United States government for a statue (of Abraham Lincoln).
1902 – Indigenous Australian artist Albert Namatjira is born near Alice Springs.
1909 – The last sighting of the steamer SS Waratah sailing from Australia; disappeared off the coast of South Africa with 211 passengers and crew. The most famous ship to go down until the Titanic three years later.
1935 – First flight of the Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress.
1939 – The Sutton Hoo helmet is discovered.
2001 – Australian Ian Thorpe becomes the first swimmer to win six gold medals at a single World Championship.

Thomas Cromwell

Thomas Cromwell, 1st Earl of Essex KG PC (circa 1485 – 28 July 1540) was an English lawyer and statesman who served as chief minister to King Henry VIII of England from 1532 to 1540.

Cromwell helped to engineer an annulment of the king's marriage to Queen Catherine of Aragon so that Henry could lawfully marry Anne Boleyn. Henry failed to obtain the Pope's approval for the annulment in 1534, so Parliament endorsed the king's claim to be Supreme Head of the Church of England, giving him the authority to annul his own marriage.

Cromwell subsequently charted an evangelical and reformist course for the Church of England from his unique positions of vicegerent in spirituals and vicar-general. Cromwell was one of the strongest and most powerful advocates of the English Reformation. During his rise to and time in power he made many enemies.

He later fell from power, after arranging the king's marriage to German princess Anne of Cleves on 6 January 1540. Cromwell had hoped that the marriage would breathe fresh life into the Reformation in England, but Henry found his new bride unattractive and it turned into a disaster for Cromwell, ending in an annulment six months later.

Cromwell's conservative, aristocratic enemies saw an opportunity to displace their foe. Cromwell was arrested at a Council meeting on 10 June 1540 and imprisoned in the Tower. A Bill of Attainder containing a long list of indictments was introduced into the House of Lords a week later and passed on 29 June 1540. Cromwell was condemned to death without trial and lost all his titles and property. The King deferred the execution until his marriage to Anne of Cleves could be annulled.

Cromwell was beheaded on Tower Hill on 28 July 1540 in a public execution, the day of the King's marriage to Catherine Howard. Afterwards, his head was set on a spike on London Bridge.

Plaque at the ancient scaffold site on Tower Hill commemorating Thomas Cromwell and others executed at the site.

Henry came to regret Cromwell's killing and later accused his ministers of bringing about Cromwell's downfall by "pretexts" and "false accusations". On 3 March 1541, the French Ambassador, Charles de Marillac, reported in a letter that the King was now said to be lamenting that, “Under pretext of some slight offences which he had committed, they had brought several accusations against him, on the strength of which he had put to death the most faithful servant he ever had”.

USS Constellation (1854)

USS Constellation is a sloop-of-war/corvette, the last sail-only warship designed and built by the United States Navy. She was built in 1854, using materials salvaged from the frigate USS Constellation, which had been disassembled the year before. Despite being a single-gundeck "sloop," she is actually larger than her original frigate build. After being used as a practice ship for Naval Academy midshipmen, Constellation became a training ship in 1894 for Naval Training Center Newport, where she helped train more than 60,000 recruits during World War I.

The sloop was launched on 26 August 1854 and commissioned on 28 July 1855 with Captain Charles H. Bell in command. She remained in service for close to a century before finally being retired in 1954. She is now preserved as a museum ship in Baltimore, Maryland, and is a National Historic Landmark.

Video: USS Constellation at Baltimore Inner Harbor.

Vinnie Ream

Lavinia Ellen "Vinnie" Ream Hoxie (1847–1914) was an American sculptor. Her most famous work is the statue of Abraham Lincoln in the U.S. Capitol rotunda. Ream was born September 25, 1847, in a log cabin in Madison, Wisconsin. In 1861, her family moved to Washington, D.C. After her father's health began to fail, she began working outside the home to support her family. Vinnie Ream was one of the first women to be employed by the federal government, as a clerk in the dead letter office of the United States Post Office during the American Civil War.

In 1863, James S. Rollins introduced Ream to sculptor Clark Mills. She became an apprentice in Mills's sculpting studio the next year, at the age of seventeen. In 1864, President Lincoln agreed to model for her in the morning for five months, and she created a bust of his figure.

Ream portrait with Lincoln bust. Abraham Lincoln statue by Ream in the United States Capitol rotunda.

Vinnie Ream was the youngest artist and first woman to receive a commission as an artist from the United States government for a statue. She was awarded the commission for the full-size Carrara marble statue of Lincoln by a vote of Congress on July 28, 1866, when she was 18 years old.

Albert Namatjira

Albert Namatjira (28 July 1902 – 8 August 1959), born Elea Namatjira, was a Western Arrernte-speaking Aboriginal artist from the MacDonnell Ranges in Central Australia. As a pioneer of contemporary Indigenous Australian art, he was the most famous Indigenous Australian of his generation.

Mt Hermannsburg by Albert Namatjira.

Born and raised at the Hermannsburg Lutheran Mission outside Alice Springs, Namatjira showed interest in art from an early age, but it was not until 1934, aged 32, under the tutelage of Rex Battarbee, that he began to paint seriously. Namatjira's richly detailed, Western art-influenced watercolours of the outback departed significantly from the abstract designs and symbols of traditional Aboriginal art, and inspired the Hermannsburg School of painting. He became a household name in Australia and reproductions of his works hung in many homes throughout the nation.

Namatjira was the first Northern Territory Aboriginal person to be freed from restrictions that made Aboriginal people wards of the State. In 1957, he became the first Aboriginal person to be granted restricted Australian citizenship, which allowed him to vote, have limited land rights and buy alcohol. Namatjira was awarded the Queen's Coronation Medal in 1953 and has been honoured with Australian postage stamps.

Albert Namatjira's descendants paint at the Ngurratjuta Many Hands Art Centre in Alice Springs.

SS Waratah

The SS Waratah was a 500-foot (150 metres) long cargo liner steamship that operated between Europe and Australia in the early 1900s. In July 1909, the ship, en route from Durban to Cape Town, disappeared with 211 passengers and crew aboard. To this day, no trace of the ship has been found.

SS Waratah, 1909.

Marine explorer Emlyn Brown head of the National Underwater and Marine Agency in South Africa thought he had discovered the Waratah wreck in 2001, however, a closer inspection revealed his team had in fact found the Nailsea Meadow, a ship that had been sunk in the Second World War. In 2004 Brown, who had by then spent 22 years looking for the Waratah, declared that he was giving up the search: "I've exhausted all the options. I now have no idea where to look", he said.

Search for the SS Waratah.

Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress

The Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress is a four-engine heavy bomber developed in the 1930s for the United States Army Air Corps. Competing against Douglas and Martin for a contract to build 200 bombers, the Boeing entry outperformed both competitors and exceeded the air corps' performance specifications. From its introduction in 1938, the B-17 Flying Fortress evolved through numerous design advances.

Boeing B-17E in flight. U.S. Air Force photo.

The B-17 was primarily employed by the United States Army Air Forces in the daylight strategic bombing campaign of World War II against German industrial and military targets. It developed a reputation for toughness based upon stories and photos of badly damaged B-17s safely returning to base. The B-17 developed a reputation as an effective bomber, dropping more bombs than any other U.S. aircraft in World War II. In addition to its role as a bomber, the B-17 was also employed as a transport, antisubmarine aircraft, drone controller, and search-and-rescue aircraft.

As of May 2015, ten aircraft remain airworthy. None of them are combat veterans. Dozens more are in storage or on static display.

Sutton Hoo helmet

The Sutton Hoo helmet is a decorated Anglo-Saxon helmet discovered during the 1939 excavation of the Sutton Hoo ship-burial. Buried around 625, it is believed to have been the helmet of King Rædwald; for whom its elaborate decoration may have given it a secondary function almost akin to a crown. Excavated as hundreds of rusted fragments, the helmet was first displayed following an initial reconstruction in 1945–46, and then again, in its present form, after a second reconstruction in 1970–71.

The helmet is the most iconic object from the richest archaeological find in British history and one of the most important Anglo-Saxon artefacts ever found. Its visage, with eyebrows, nose and moustache creating the image of a man who is then joined by a dragon's head to become a soaring dragon with outstretched wings, has become a symbol not only of the Dark Ages, but also of archaeology in general.

Replica helmet showing the intricate designs.

Video: The Sutton Hoo Helmet - Masterpieces of the British Museum.

Ian Thorpe

Ian James Thorpe, OAM (born 13 October 1982) is an Australian swimmer who specialises in freestyle, but also competes in backstroke and the individual medley. He has won five Olympic gold medals, the most won by any Australian, along with with three gold and two silver Olympic medals. Thorpe was the most successful athlete at the 2000 Summer Olympics. At the 2001 World Aquatics Championships, he became the first person to win six gold medals in one World Championship.

Ian Torpe: 2000 Summer Olympics, 2001 World Aquatics Championships in Fukuoka, Japan.

In total, Thorpe has won eleven World Championship golds, the third-highest number of any swimmer. Thorpe was the first person to have been named Swimming World Swimmer of the Year four times and was the Australian Swimmer of the Year from 1999 to 2003. His athletic achievements made him one of Australia's most popular athletes and he was recognised as the Young Australian of the Year in 2000.

Interesting that Henry VIII had remorse after he had Cromwell killed, realizing he was probably his best friend, bad time to have a powerful position, heads flying everywhere lol


The Sutton Hoo helmet is absolutey stunning, thanks RnR, loved the video.

What a champion Ian Thorpe is, so glad he had the courage to come out, he seems a much happier man now.

FirstPrev5152535455(page 55/55)

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