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Today's Chat, No Set Topic

  

.........................................Something comes into your mind? share it, as everyone is different so all topics have followers :) Happy thoughts, sad thoughts or just reflective thoughts - let's enjoy chatting without agro or nastiness. Who knows what we might learn from each other..........................................:) 

(A combination of Lets Chat and Today in memory of Gerry, Geomac and Seth.) 

Please keep it general so all can be included not about subjects that can aggravate like Politics or Religion. 

Today's Date Sunday 7th May 2017   

Many thanks to RnR and Toot for making this into such an interesting topic on past events for us all to learn so much. 

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1920 – The Wall Street bombing: A bomb in a horse wagon explodes in front of the J. P. Morgan building in New York City killing 38 and injuring 400.

The Wall Street bombing occurred at 12:01 pm on 16 September 1920 in the Financial District of Manhattan, New York City. The blast killed 30 people immediately, and another eight died later of wounds sustained in the blast. There were 143 seriously injured, and the total number of injured was in the hundreds.

At noon, a horse-drawn wagon passed by lunchtime crowds on Wall Street and stopped across the street from the headquarters of the J.P. Morgan bank at 23 Wall Street, on the Financial District's busiest corner. Inside the wagon, 100 pounds of dynamite with 500 pounds of heavy, cast-iron sash weights exploded in a timer-set detonation, sending the weights tearing through the air. The horse and wagon were blasted into small fragments, but the driver was believed to have left the vehicle and escaped.

The 38 fatalities, most of whom died within moments of the blast, were mostly young people who worked as messengers, stenographers, clerks, and brokers. Many of the wounded suffered severe injuries. The bomb caused more than $2 million in property damage and destroyed most of the interior spaces of the Morgan building.

Within one minute of the explosion, William H. Remick, president of the New York Stock Exchange, suspended trading in order to prevent a panic. Outside, rescuers worked feverishly to transport the wounded to the hospital. James Saul, a 17-year-old messenger, commandeered a parked car and transported 30 injured people to an area hospital. Police officers rushed to the scene, performed first aid, and appropriated all nearby automobiles as emergency transport vehicles.

The bombing was never solved, although investigators and historians believe the Wall Street bombing was carried out by Galleanists (Italian anarchists), a group responsible for a series of bombings the previous year. The attack was related to postwar social unrest, labor struggles, and anti-capitalist agitation in the United States.

More.

Wall Street is a direct reference to a wall that was erected by Dutch settlers on the southern tip of Manhattan Island in the 17th century.

Wall Street as we know it has gone!!

Everybody has moved out apparently.

2019 update.

Interesting, thanks RnR, apparently it is now prime real estate and from the link ...

"They're shedding traders right and left, going more to algorithmic models [where computer-driven mathematical models buy and sell shares based on stocks meeting certain criteria]."

 

1921 – The Mount Mulligan mine disaster kills 76 miners in Queensland.

The Mount Mulligan mine disaster occurred in September 1921 in the former mining town of Mount Mulligan west of Cairns in Far North Queensland, Australia. A series of explosions in the local coal mine, audible as much as 30 km away, rocked the close-knit township.

Men gather near the entrance to the Mount Mulligan coal mine after the 1921 explosion. State Library of Queensland.

Seventy-five workers were killed by the disaster, making it the third-worst coal mining accident in Australia in terms of human lives lost. Four of the dead had been at the mouth of the pit at the time of the explosion. Seventy four bodies were recovered by the time the Royal Commission ended, the last body was recovered five months after the disaster after the mine had reopened. The disaster affected people in cities and towns all over the country. The mine, which was new at the time of the accident, was widely considered safe and had no previous indications of gas leaks. The miners hence worked using open flame lights instead of safety lamps.

Rescue equipment, supplies and coffins for the dead were brought in by rail from surrounding townships. State Library of Queensland.

A Royal Commission into the accident confirmed that the disaster was caused by the accidental or negligent firing of an explosive charge on top of a block of coal, apparently in order to split it. The investigation found that explosives were used, stored, distributed and carried underground in a careless manner.

Relatives of the miners lost in the disaster laid wreaths to remember those lost in 2016. Mark Rigby, ABC Far North.

The mine was reopened after 4 months and suffered surprisingly little damage from the explosion. In 1923 the Queensland Government bought it from the operators. It was in operation until 1957, although it was heavily subsidised after World War II.

The mine's final demise occurred with the completion of the Tully Falls hydro electricity scheme. Soon after, the town was sold and most of the buildings were removed.

More.

1956 – Mainstream Australian television begins.

Television in Australia began experimentally as early as 1929 in Melbourne with radio stations 3DB and 3UZ using the Radiovision system by Gilbert Miles and Donald McDonald, and later from other locations, such as Brisbane in 1934.

Mainstream television was launched on 16 September 1956 in Sydney with Nine Network station TCN-9-Sydney.

'Good evening and welcome to television’.

The new medium was introduced by Bruce Gyngell with the words 'Good evening, and welcome to television', and has since seen the transition to colour and digital television.

The Broadcasting and Television Journal (now B&T magazine) was launched on 15 September 1950. The 21 September 1956 edition included a special devoted to TCN9’s launch, titled ‘The Camera at Debut of TV’.

Over the years, local programs have included a broad range of comedy, sport, and in particular drama series, in addition to news and current affairs. The industry is regulated by the Australian Communications and Media Authority, through various legislation, regulations, standards and codes of practice, which also regulates radio and in recent years has attempted to regulate the Internet.

More: Television in AustraliaWelcome to TV – from the National Film and Sound Archive of Australia.

Out west we did not get TV reception till 1958

Even though it was black and white, we were completely rapt

Still love my Aussie TV content, especially ABC and SBS.

1975 – Papua New Guinea gains its independence from Australia.

Papua New Guinea, officially the Independent State of Papua New Guinea, occupies the eastern half of the island of New Guinea and its offshore islands in Melanesia, a region of the southwestern Pacific Ocean north of Australia. Its capital, located along its southeastern coast, is Port Moresby. The western half of New Guinea forms the Indonesian provinces of Papua and West Papua.

The Parliament building of Papua New Guinea in Port Moresby. EMTV Online.

At the national level, after being ruled by three external powers since 1884, Papua New Guinea established its sovereignty in 1975. This followed nearly 60 years of Australian administration, which started during World War I. The Papua New Guinea Independence Act 1975 was passed by the Parliament of Australia. It replaced the Papua and New Guinea Act 1949, and changed the status of the Territory of Papua and New Guinea to that of an independent Papua New Guinea.

The Act set 16 September 1975 as date of Papua New Guinea's independence and terminated all remaining sovereign and legislative powers of Australia over the country. On that date PNG became an independent Commonwealth realm with Queen Elizabeth II as its head of state and a member of the Commonwealth of Nations in its own right.

Thomson Harokaqzeh, the minister for environment and conservation in Papua New Guinea, is given a traditional reception in Gamusi Village, Goroka District, Papua New Guinea. Photograph by James Morgan.

Papua New Guinea is one of the most culturally diverse countries in the world. There are 852 known languages in the country, of which 12 now have no known living speakers.

Most of the population of more than 7 million people live in customary communities, which are as diverse as the languages. It is also one of the most rural, as only 18 percent of its people live in urban centres. The country is one of the world's least explored, culturally and geographically.

More.

Papua New Guinea (PNG) is richly endowed with natural resources, but exploitation has been hampered by rugged terrain, land tenure issues, and the high cost of developing infrastructure. The economy has a small formal sector, focused mainly on the export of those natural resources, and an informal sector, employing the majority of the population. Agriculture provides a subsistence livelihood for 85% of the people. The global financial crisis had little impact because of continued foreign demand for PNG's commodities.

https://theodora.com/wfbcurrent/papua_new_guinea/papua_new_guinea_economy.html

Australian Citizenship Day was launched in 2001 to increase community awareness of Australian citizenship. Australian Citizenship Day now provides a main point for citizenship-related activities and celebrations. 17 September was chosen because it is the anniversary of the renaming of the Nationality and Citizenship Act 1948 to the Australian Citizenship Act 1948. Across Australia, many people become Australian citizens each year at special Australian Citizenship Day ceremonies.

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1683 – Antonie van Leeuwenhoek writes a letter to the Royal Society describing his observations of living organisms in saliva and tartar.

Antonie Philips van Leeuwenhoek (1632–1723) was a Dutch businessman and scientist. A largely self-taught man in science, he is commonly known as "the Father of Microbiology", and often considered to be the first acknowledged microscopist and microbiologist. Van Leeuwenhoek is best known for his pioneering work in the field of microscopy and for his contributions toward the establishment of microbiology as a scientific discipline.

Using his handcrafted microscopes, he was the first to observe and describe microorganisms, which he originally referred to as “animalcules”. His 1670s discovery and study of the hitherto unknown microscopic world (or microbial life) is also considered one of the most notable achievements of the Golden Age of Dutch exploration and discovery.

Most of the “animalcules” are now referred to as unicellular organisms, although he observed multicellular organisms in pond water. Van Leeuwenhoek did not write any books; his discoveries came to light through correspondence with the Royal Society, which published his letters. By the end of the seventeenth century, van Leeuwenhoek had a virtual monopoly on microscopic study and discovery.

While running his draper shop, van Leeuwenhoek wanted to see the quality of the thread better than possible using magnifying lenses then available. He began to develop an interest in lens-making, although few records exist of his early activity. He made about 200 microscopes with different magnification during his life.

Van Leeuwenhoek's main microbiological discoveries were infusoria (protists in modern zoological classification) in 1674; bacteria (living organisms in saliva and tartar) outlined in Brief No 76 on 17 September 1683; the vacuole of the cell; spermatozoa in 1677 and the banded pattern of muscular fibres in 1682.

Antonie van Leeuwenhoek is buried in the Oude Kerk church in Delft.

He died at the age of 90, on 26 August 1723, and was buried four days later in the Oude Kerk in Delft. By the end of his life, van Leeuwenhoek had written approximately 560 letters to the Royal Society and other scientific institutions concerning his observations and discoveries.

More.

1849 – American abolitionist Harriet Tubman escapes from slavery.

Harriet Tubman (born Araminta Ross 1822–1913) was an American abolitionist, humanitarian, and an armed scout and spy for the United States Army during the American Civil War. Born into slavery, Tubman escaped and subsequently made some thirteen missions to rescue approximately seventy enslaved people, family and friends, using the network of antislavery activists and safe houses known as the Underground Railroad.

She later helped abolitionist John Brown recruit men for his raid on Harpers Ferry, and in the post-war era was an active participant in the struggle for women's suffrage.

Harriet Tubman in the late 1860s and circa 1885.

Born a slave in Dorchester County, Maryland, Tubman was beaten and whipped by her various masters as a child. Early in life, she suffered a traumatic head wound when an irate slave owner threw a heavy metal weight intending to hit another slave and hit her instead. The injury caused dizziness, pain, and spells of hypersomnia, which occurred throughout her life. She was a devout Christian and experienced strange visions and vivid dreams, which she ascribed to premonitions from God.

Notice published in the Cambridge Democrat newspaper in 1849, offering a reward, for capture of each of the three escaped slaves "Minty" (Harriet Tubman) and her brothers Henry and Ben.

Tubman and her brothers, Ben and Henry, escaped from slavery on September 17, 1849. Tubman went to Philadelphia, then immediately returned to Maryland to rescue her family. Slowly, one group at a time, she brought relatives with her out of the state, and eventually guided dozens of other slaves to freedom. Traveling by night and in extreme secrecy, Tubman (or "Moses", as she was called) "never lost a passenger". After the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850 was passed, she helped guide fugitives farther north into British North America, and helped newly freed slaves find work.

A woodcut of Harriet Tubman in her Civil War clothing.

When the Civil War began, Tubman worked for the Union Army, first as a cook and nurse, and then as an armed scout and spy. The first woman to lead an armed expedition in the war, she guided the raid at Combahee Ferry, which liberated more than 700 slaves.

After the war, she retired to the family home on property she had purchased in 1859 in Auburn, New York, where she cared for her ageing parents. She was active in the women's suffrage movement until illness overtook her and she had to be admitted to a home for elderly African Americans that she had helped to establish years earlier.

After she died in 1913, she became an icon of American courage and freedom.

More.

and the suffering of African Americans continues.

1853 – PS Lady Augusta wins a race between Australia's first paddle steamers at Swan Hill on the Murray River.

Lieutenant-Governor of South Australia, Sir Henry Young was convinced that the Murray River was Australia’s Mississippi, and that one day it would act as the trade route for New South Wales, Victoria and South Australia. To encourage the river transport, the South Australian Government offered a prize of £2,000 for each of the first two iron boats of over 40 horse-power and drawing less than 2 feet of water to sail from Goolwa to the Darling River junction.

One contender was a deep-sea sailor Captain Francis Cadell. He ordered his steamer, the Lady Augusta, from a New South Wales shipyard at Pyrmont. The steamer was 105’ long, had a 12’ beam, 21’ at the cross-guards and had holds 5’6” deep. She was powered by two 20 horse-power engines, had two funnels and 16 fore cabins. By 1853 the Lady Augusta lay at her moorings at Goolwa after her trip from Sydney.

The other contender was William Randell and his Mary Ann. The son of a wealthy land-owner and merchant, William was in his early 20s when he planned and built his steamer at their station downstream from Moorindee. The Mary Ann was 55’ long and was powered by a 7 horse-power engine which had a rectangular boiler. The boiler was strapped with chains to give it extra strength as it expanded dangerously when the steam pressure was high. She was an inelegant flat-bottomed craft of rather rough construction and could carry about 15 to 20 tones. William Randell launched the Mary Ann at Noa No Landing just north of Mannum on 19 February 1853.

Captain Francis Cadell was ready to sail by August 1853. His passengers had arrived on August 22 and enjoyed a festive evening with the Governor and other distinguished guests. By mid-day the Lady Augusta slipped her moorings and was away, with her barge Eureka in tow.

On September 14 the Lady Augusta took on wood at Ross Station, and by 10.30 pm had caught and surged past the Mary Ann. To the half-awake crew of the Mary Ann the brightly-lit Lady Augusta must have come as a great surprise. Next morning the smaller Mary Ann, belching black smoke, went sailing pass the moored Lady Augusta, but by late that night were they overtaken. In their haste both steamers sailed up the Wakool for several miles by mistake and had mishaps with overhanging trees and snags.

On September 16 the Lady Augusta had finally left the Mary Ann in its wake and on the morning of 17 September 1853 Lady Augusta reached Swan Hill and tied up to enjoy the celebration. In the early afternoon the Mary Ann steamed into town. A grand ball was quickly organised for the crews.

Contemporary etching shows the PS Lady Augusta (left) and the PS Mary Ann (right) at Swan Hill. Mannum Dock Museum Collection.

Soon afterwards both steamers left Swan Hill. Cadell set off downstream with the woolclip of the Campbell’s Station on board and Randell continued further upstream and on September 24 1853 reached Moama. After a lavish ball and entertainment he also turned around and headed to Goolwa with a cargo of wool.

Neither the Mary Ann nor the Lady Augusta met the conditions set down for the government bonus, but their owners were rewarded nevertheless. The two skippers each decided to set up riverboat operations. Cadell formed the River Murray Navigation Company and Randell secured backing for his Murray River Company.

Randell also entered politics and represented the Electoral district of Gumeracha in the South Australian House of Assembly from 1893 to 1899. In his latter years Captain Randell was seen in a small boat near the Mannum ferry and when asked what he was he doing, he replied ‘polling for my lost youth’.

Captain William Randell and the boiler of the Mary Ann, 1910. Mannum Dock Museum collection.

The Mary Ann’s original boiler was salvaged in 1912 and is on show at the Mannum Dock Museum.

During the early 1870s, Captain Francis Cadell became involved in whaling, trading, pearling and blackbirding in North-West Australia. Cadell and others became notorious for their coercion, capture and sale of Aboriginal people as slaves. The slaves were often detained temporarily at camps known as barracoons on offshore Barrow Island. In 1876, as a result of his blackbirding activities, Cadell was arrested and expelled from the Colony of Western Australia.

Cadell then took up trading in the Dutch East Indies, until he was murdered by the cook's mate when sailing in the Gem near New Guinea, circa March 1879.

More: The great South Australian paddle steamer race. PS Mary Ann. William Randell. Captain Francis Cadell and PS Lady Augusta.

 

In its natural state the Murray River has even been known to dry up completely during extreme droughts, although that is extremely rare, with only two or three instances of this occurring since official record keeping began.

1877 – The Port Arthur penal colony was closed.

Port Arthur is a small town and former convict settlement on the Tasman Peninsula, in Tasmania, Australia. Port Arthur is one of Australia's most significant heritage areas and an open-air museum. It is officially Tasmania's top tourist attraction. In 1996 it was the scene of the worst mass murder event in post-colonial Australian history.

Port Arthur during occupation, 1800s.

The site forms part of the Australian Convict Sites, a World Heritage property consisting of eleven remnant penal sites originally built within the British Empire during the 18th and 19th centuries on fertile Australian coastal strips. Collectively, these sites, including Port Arthur, now represent, "...the best surviving examples of large-scale convict transportation and the colonial expansion of European powers through the presence and labour of convicts."

Port Arthur during occupation, 1860.

From 1833 until 1853, it was the destination for the hardest of convicted British criminals, those who were secondary offenders having re-offended after their arrival in Australia. Rebellious personalities from other convict stations were also sent here, a quite undesirable punishment. In addition Port Arthur had some of the strictest security measures of the British penal system.

Port Arthur guards, 1866. State Library Tasmania.

Port Arthur was one example of the "Separate Prison Typology" (sometimes known as the Model prison), which emerged from Jeremy Bentham's theories and his panopticon. The prison was completed in 1853 but then extended in 1855. The Separate Prison System also signalled a shift from physical punishment to psychological punishment. It was thought that the hard corporal punishment, such as whippings, used in other penal stations only served to harden criminals, and did nothing to turn them from their immoral ways. For example, food was used to reward well-behaved prisoners and as punishment for troublemakers.

The resting places of prison officials and their family members, Isle of the Dead.

The Island of the Dead was the destination for all who died inside the prison camps. Of the 1646 graves recorded to exist there, only 180, those of prison staff and military personnel, are marked. 

Despite its reputation as a pioneering institution for the new, enlightened view of imprisonment, Port Arthur was still in reality as harsh and brutal as other penal settlements. Some critics might even suggest that its use of psychological punishment, compounded with no hope of escape, made it one of the worst. Some tales suggest that prisoners committed murder (an offence punishable by death) just to escape the desolation of life at the camp. The prison closed in 1877.

More.

 

 

When you know what happened there, the extreme cruelty the convicts suffered, and later the shooting massacre, it's a rather depressing experience but a definite must visit tourist location.

1892 – Arthur Bayley and William Ford trigger the Coolgardie gold rush in Western Australia.

The small town of Coolgardie lies about 570km east of Perth, Western Australia. Prospectors Arthur Bayley and William Ford found a rich reef of gold late August 1892 at a site known as Fly Flat, which they named "Bayley's Reward".

The gold rush began on 17 September 1892 when Bayley and Ward carried almost 16kg of gold into a bank in Southern Cross, 368km northeast of Perth. Many departed Southern Cross that very night, sparking a huge rush to Coolgardie.

Arthur Bayley and William Ford.

A reward lease of 20 acres was granted to Bailey and Ford, and on 20 September 1892 the Coolgardie field was declared open. The Bailey's Reward gold mine would become one of the richest mines in the state.

Bailey's Reward gold mine, Coolgardie.

The find triggered the last great Australian gold rush. It revived Western Australia’s struggling economy and almost quadrupled the State’s population within a decade.

Coolgardie grew rapidly, becoming the third largest town in the state after Perth and Fremantle. In 1899 the town celebrated its mining industry with a World Exhibition attended by more than 61,000 people. At its peak in 1900 Coolgardie had 23 hotels, three breweries, six banks, a hospital, two stock exchanges, a wide range of businesses and three daily and four weekly newspapers. There were electric street lights, the first public swimming pool in the State and 700 mining companies registered with the London Stock Exchange.

Goldfields Exhibition Museum.

Occupying the former Warden’s Court Building of 1898, the grandest of Coolgardie’s surviving gold rush buildings, the Goldfields Exhibition Museum houses a comprehensive collection of artefacts and photographs depicting Coolgardie’s glory days.

However, within a few years, nearby Kalgoorlie was attracting more interest, as the gold deposits were much larger. The population of Coolgardie dropped dramatically, falling to below 200 at one stage. Now the town stands as a monument to its gold rush days, with a population of around 850 people at the 2016 census.

More: Arthur Bayley. William Ford. Coolgardie.

So many dreams of getting rich were shattered, the women and children who followed their men to the goldfields endured such hardship, and then had to go home empty handed.

1914 – Andrew Fisher becomes Prime Minister of Australia for a third non-consecutive term.

Andrew Fisher (1862–1928) was an Australian politician who served three separate terms as Prime Minister of Australia – from 1908 to 1909, from 1910 to 1913, and from 1914 to 1915. He was the leader of the Australian Labor Party from 1907 to 1915. In 1901, Fisher was elected to the new federal parliament representing the Division of Wide Bay.

Labour Party MPs elected at the inaugural 1901 election, including Watson, Fisher, Hughes, O'Malley, and Tudor.

Fisher was elected deputy leader of the Labor Party in 1905, and replaced Watson as leader in 1907. At the time, Labor supported the Protectionist Party minority government of Alfred Deakin. Deakin resigned as prime minister in November 1908 after Labor withdrew their support, and Fisher subsequently formed a minority government of his own. It lasted only a few months, as in June 1909 Deakin returned as prime minister at the head of the new Commonwealth Liberal Party (a merger of the Protectionists and the Anti-Socialist Party).

A studio portrait of the Prime Ministerial family in 1910.

Fisher returned as prime minister after the 1910 election, which saw Labor attain majority government for the first time in its history. Fisher's second government passed wide-ranging reforms – it established old-age and disability pensions, enshrined new workers' rights in legislation, established the Commonwealth Bank, oversaw the continued expansion of the Royal Australian Navy, began construction on the Trans-Australian Railway, and formally established what is now the Australian Capital Territory.

At the 1913 election, however, Labor narrowly lost its House of Representatives majority to the Liberal Party, with Fisher being replaced as prime minister by Joseph Cook.

Andrew Fisher at the naming of Canberra ceremony, 1913. The governor-general, Lord Denman, is standing to the left of Fisher, while King O'Malley, Minister for Home Affairs, is at the far right of the photo, presenting Lady Denman with the new capital's name for her to pronounce for the first time.

After just over a year in office, Cook was forced to call a new election, the first double dissolution. Labor won back its majority in the House, and Fisher returned for a third term as prime minister. He struggled with the demands of Australia's participation in World War I, and in October 1915 resigned in favour of Billy Hughes.

Fisher subsequently accepted an appointment as High Commissioner to the United Kingdom, holding that position from 1916 to 1920. After a brief return to Australia, he retired to London, dying there at the age of 66. In total, Fisher served as prime minister for just under five years.

More.

After just over a year in office, Cook was forced to call a new election, the first double dissolution.

1928 – The Okeechobee hurricane strikes southeastern Florida, killing more than 2,500 people. It is the third deadliest natural disaster in United States history, behind the Galveston hurricane of 1900 and the 1906 San Francisco earthquake.

The Okeechobee hurricane, also known as the San Felipe Segundo hurricane, was one of the deadliest hurricanes in the recorded history of the North Atlantic basin. The fourth tropical cyclone, third hurricane, and only major hurricane of the 1928 season, this system developed just offshore the west coast of Africa on September 6. The system reached Category 4 intensity before striking Guadeloupe on September 12. There, the storm brought "great destruction" and 1,200 deaths. The islands of Martinique, Montserrat, and Nevis also reported damage and fatalities, but not nearly as severe as in Guadeloupe.

Around midday on September 13, the storm strengthened into a Category 5 hurricane and peaked with sustained winds of 260 km/h. About six hours later, the system made landfall in Puerto Rico. Very strong winds resulted in severe damage in Puerto Rico. Throughout the island, an estimated 24,728 homes were destroyed and 192,444 were damaged, leaving over 500,000 people homeless and causing 312 deaths. Heavy rainfall also led to extreme damage to vegetation and agriculture.

Aftermath of the hurricane in southern Florida.

Early on September 17, the storm made landfall near West Palm Beach, Florida with winds of 233 km/h.

In the city, more than 1,711 homes were destroyed. Elsewhere in the county, impact was severest around Lake Okeechobee. The storm surge caused water to pour out of the southern edge of the lake, flooding hundreds of square miles as high as 6.1 metres above ground. Numerous houses and buildings were swept away.

At least 2,500 people drowned, while damage was estimated at $25 million.

More.

1962 – Australian film director Baz Luhrmann is born.

Mark Anthony "Baz" Luhrmann (born 17 September 1962) is an Australian film director, screenwriter and producer. Luhrmann was born in Sydney. His mother, Barbara Carmel, was a ballroom dance teacher and dress shop owner, and his father, Leonard Luhrmann, ran a petrol station and a movie theatre. He was raised in Herons Creek, a tiny rural settlement in northern New South Wales. He attended St Joseph's Hastings Regional School, Port Macquarie; St Paul's Catholic College, performing in the school's version of Shakespeare's Henry IV, Part 1, and Narrabeen Sports High School.

Luhrmann received the nickname "Baz" from his father Leonard, given to him because of his afro hair style, the name coming from the English Basil Brush.

In the film industry, Luhrmann is best known for Red Curtain Trilogy, comprising his romantic comedy film Strictly Ballroom, 1992; the romantic drama Romeo+Juliet, 1996 and the musical Moulin Rouge! in 2001. His 2008 film Australia is an epic historical romantic drama film starring Hugh Jackman and Nicole Kidman. His 2013 drama The Great Gatsby, based on F. Scott Fitzgerald's 1925 novel of the same name, stars Leonardo DiCaprio and Tobey Maguire.

At the 86th Academy Awards, The Great Gatsby won in both of its nominated categories. Sales of the soundtrack, produced by Luhrmann, Anton Monsted, and Jay-Z, exceeded expectations, marking the biggest digital sales week for a soundtrack in Billboard history, and peaking at number one on the US Billboard 200 chart.

Luhrmann is currently in pre-production for a film about Elvis Presley's relationship with Colonel Tom Parker, set to start filming in February 2020 and due to be released in October 2021.

Luhrmann's influence has extended outside the traditional realm of media and entertainment. Deeply involved in the fashion and art worlds, Luhrmann's No. 5 the Film for Chanel not only holds a Guinness World Record for the highest budget for an advertising commercial ever produced, but pioneered the now commonplace genre of fashion film and branded content. Luhrmann works closely with the Metropolitan Museum of Art's Anna Wintour Costume Center, having chaired its famous annual gala as well as producing a short film for the museum. More recently he and wife Catherine Martin have adapted their distinctive style for projects in events, retail, architecture and design.

More.

His mother, Barbara Carmel, was a ballroom dance teacher and dress shop owner

That could explain Strictl Ballroom, a great movie.

Edgar Allan Poe (January 19, 1809 – October 7, 1849) was an American writer, editor, and literary critic. Poe is best known for his poetry and short stories, particularly his tales of mystery and the macabre. He is widely regarded as a central figure of Romanticism in the United States and of American literature as a whole, and he was one of the country's earliest practitioners of the short story. He is generally considered the inventor of the detective fiction genre and is further credited with contributing to the emerging genre of science fiction. He was the first well-known American writer to earn a living through writing alone, resulting in a financially difficult life and career. This image, from a Daguerreotype, is one of a very few known photographs of him.

 

 

From your link Toot.

The life of Edgar Allan Poe ... from a sad beginning to a bizarre end.

Poe was born in Boston, the second child of actors David and Elizabeth "Eliza" Arnold Hopkins Poe. His father abandoned the family in 1810, and his mother died the following year. Thus orphaned, the child was taken in by John and Frances Allan of Richmond, Virginia. They never formally adopted him, but he was with them well into young adulthood. Tension developed later as John Allan and Edgar Poe repeatedly clashed over debts, including those incurred by gambling, and the cost of Poe's secondary education. Poe was unable to support himself, so he enlisted in the United States Army as a private in 1827, using the name "Edgar A. Perry".

On 3 October 1849, Poe was found delirious on the streets of Baltimore, "in great distress, and… in need of immediate assistance", according to Joseph W. Walker who found him. He was taken to the Washington Medical College where he died on Sunday, 7 October 1849 at 5:00 in the morning. He was not coherent long enough to explain how he came to be in his dire condition and, oddly, was wearing clothes that were not his own.

How interesting, thanks RnR, poor man, any wonder he was depressed.

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