The Meeting Place

Today's Chat, No Set Topic

  

.........................................Something comes into your mind? share it, as everyone is different so all topics have followers :) Happy thoughts, sad thoughts or just reflective thoughts - let's enjoy chatting without agro or nastiness. Who knows what we might learn from each other..........................................:) 

(A combination of Lets Chat and Today in memory of Gerry, Geomac and Seth.) 

Please keep it general so all can be included not about subjects that can aggravate like Politics or Religion. 

Today's Date Sunday 7th May 2017   

Many thanks to RnR and Toot for making this into such an interesting topic on past events for us all to learn so much. 

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1856 – The town of Perth, Western Australia is proclaimed a City by letters patent from Queen Victoria.

When the Swan River Colony was established in 1829. By 1838 it had become apparent that the spreading colony required some form of localised government and municipal administration was vested in a body of trustees. An act of 1842 established a Chairman and a committee of six as the Perth Town Trust.

The City of Perth flag is the red cross of Saint George on a white background with the City's Coat of Arms superimposed in the centre of the cross.

The Perth Town Trust met as a united body. It was not large enough to require splitting into committees. The Trust dealt with day to day problems, such as provisions of roads, lighting, footpaths, drainage and keeping stock off private property and roads. The trust also had the right to levy rates, the first one being for the purpose of a footpath in Hay Street. The Trust had a difficult beginning as it was always short of funds.

On September 23, 1856, Perth was declared a Bishop's See by Queen Victoria. This automatically raised Perth to the status of a city, but it was two years before the Trust formally changed its name to the Perth City Council under its first chairman, Mr HC Cole.

The Round House was the first permanent building built in the Swan River Colony. Built in late 1830 and opened in 1831, it is the oldest building still standing in Western Australia. It is located at Arthur Head in Fremantle. Photograph, late 19th century.

Intended as a prison, the Round House had eight cells and a jailer's residence, all of which opened onto a central courtyard. The tunnel completed in later in 1838 was 57 metres long and linked the Bathers Beach Whaling Station to the High Street and was mainly built using prisoners from the Round House.

In 1849, after a decade and half of meagre growth, Perth became a penal colony and in the next 16 years received an influx of over 9000 convicts. This significantly changed the social and economic dynamics of the colony. The convicts were involved in the construction of a large amount of infrastructure and this shaped the character of the city. Constructed of locally harvested clay bricks, mellow in colour and soft in texture, the public architecture of the colony was relatively small-scale as befitting a new settlement.

The Town Hall Perth was erected between 1867 and 1870 with construction being largely carried out by convict labour.

Buildings constructed during this time include the Fremantle Prison, Government House, the Perth Town Hall, The Cloisters, Perth Gaol, and the Swan River Mechanics' Institute. The village-like atmosphere of scattered single and two story brick or stone residences, surrounded by gardens, remained unchanged until the 1880s and 1890s.

Old Perth Gaol 1860, Western Australia Museum. Convict built and convict filled.

After the Perth Gaol closed in 1888 and remaining prisoners were sent to Fremantle Prison. The Old Perth Gaol now stands at the heart of Perth’s cultural precinct.

The discovery of gold in the Kimberley, Murchison and Kalgoorlie regions in the 1880s and 1890s, and the concurrent granting of responsible government to Western Australia in 1890 had a huge impact on the development of Perth. The physical nature of the city changed dramatically with economic prosperity and the increase of population as a result of gold rush immigration.

In one decade the population of the city tripled, from 8,447 in 1891 to 27,553 in 1901.

More: PerthHistory of the Council.

Looks a bit different now.

Sure does Celia, enjoyed exploring Perth, lovely city.

The Premier claimed Mr Palmer said he was "open to accepting multimillion-dollar bribes from Chinese interests in return for permitting them access to valuable state natural resources".

“He called me a criminal. He compared me to Adolf Hitler and Saddam Hussein and Richard Nixon. He said I was corrupt ... I mean it's pretty defamatory stuff” Premier Mark McGowan said……

https://www.watoday.com.au/national/western-australia/opposition-says-wa-premier-a-princess-for-suing-clive-palmer-over-hurt-and-embarrassment-20200923-p55ycn.html

1866 – Osmond Gilles, first Colonial Treasurer of South Australia, dies.

Osmond Gilles (1788-1866), colonial treasurer and pioneer, was born on 24 August 1788 in London, the son of Osmond and Hannah Gilles. Of Huguenot descent and well-to-do, after the Napoleonic wars he travelled extensively on the Continent before settling in Hamburg as a merchant where he gained an extensive knowledge of the sheep and wool trade. His business partner emigrated to Van Diemen's Land and because his brother Lewis, was also in Tasmania, Gilles's thoughts turned to emigration also.

Gilles sailed in the Buffalo with Governor John Hindmarsh and reached Holdfast Bay in December 1836. Gilles was appointed Colonial Treasurer partly because of his wealth and his loan for the initial expenses.

Portrait photo of Osmond Gilles, State Library of SA. Osmond Gilles headstone, West Terrace Cemetery, Adelaide.

A colourful and volatile man, he was wealthy in his own right and generous in many ways, giving land for churches, hospitals and other public use, and using his own funds when the colony’s own ran short.

He brought with him from England an iron safe, actually his own property, in which to keep the new colony’s funds and an armed marine stood guard at the entrance to the tent, the first home of the treasurer.

One night Gilles found the man drunk and incapable, but listening to the man’s pleas for mercy, did not have him court-martialled. He later revealed that the total assets of the colony locked away in the safe amounted to 1s 6d. Ironically, in 1847 Gilles himself was charged with being drunk and disorderly, but the case was dismissed. By that time Gilles was no longer Colonial Treasurer having been relieved of his position for incompetence.

His failure as an official was offset by his success in business. From the beginning his interests were many and varied, including land, stock, money-lending and general trading. His ventures in land were among the most extensive in the colony.

Home and vineyard at Glen Osmond, National Gallery of Australia.

In 1838 he had bought property at Glen Osmond which he called Woodley, built his house there in 1844 and planted vines. He also had property to the north of the city where he bred sheep and with Edward John Eyre purchased a special survey at Moorundie on the River Murray.

Gilles also gave ready aid to many other churches of various denominations, and to many cultural societies and charitable institutions. He died at his home, Woodley, Glen Osmond, on 23 September 1866. As well as tablets in many churches, several streets and districts in Adelaide bear his name.

More: Australian Dictionary of Biography. Professional Historians Australia SA.

1942 – General Thomas Blamey was appointed Commander in Chief of Allied land forces in New Guinea, he came into conflict with General Douglas MacArthur.

Field Marshal Sir Thomas Albert Blamey, GBE, KCB, CMG, DSO, ED (1884–1951) was an Australian general of the First and Second World Wars, and the only Australian to attain the rank of field marshal. On 23 September 1942, General Blamey was appointed Commander in Chief of Allied land forces in New Guinea. Blamey came into conflict with his commander, the American General MacArthur, who had become Prime Minister Curtin's principle military advisor. The United States forces were kept out of the Australian land commanders hands throughout the war in the Pacific.

The Kokoda Track campaign consisted of a series of battles fought between July and November 1942 in what was then the Australian Territory of Papua. The Japanese objective was to seize Port Moresby by an overland advance from the north coast, following the Kokoda Track over the mountains of the Owen Stanley Range, as part of a strategy to isolate Australia from the United States.

Blamey with MacArthur in October 1942. MacArthur had flown to Port Moresby to consult with Blamey on logistical arrangements for the campaign.

After the Japanese landed on the north coast of Papua in July 1942, additional Australian troops were rushed north and placed under the command of Lieutenant General Rowell.

Despite reinforcement, the Australian forces were continually pushed back. Australian reinforcement was hampered by the logistical problems of supporting a force in isolated, mountainous, jungle terrain. There were few planes available for aerial resupply, and techniques for it were still primitive. Australian command considered that the Vickers machine gun and medium mortars were too heavy to carry and would be ineffective in the jungle terrain. Without artillery, mortars or medium machine guns, the Australians faced an opponent equipped with mountain guns and light howitzers that had been carried into the mountains and proved to be a decisive advantage.

Mr Frank Forde, Australian Minister For The Army, General Douglas Macarthur, General Thomas Blamey and Major General George Kenney, United States Army and Commanding Officer Of The Allied Air Forces in the South West Pacific, during the group's visit to New Guinea. Photographer: C. Bottomley, New Guinea 12 October 1942.

There was disquiet at MacArthur's headquarters in Brisbane about the concurrent Australian withdrawal along the Kokoda Track. Faced with a possible defeat, MacArthur persuaded Curtin to send Blamey to Port Moresby to take personal command—in effect to become the task force commander.

Rowell saw Blamey's arrival on 23 September 1942 as a reflection on his ability. He had lost respect for Blamey in Greece, and had neither the forbearance nor goodwill to make the arrangement work. Blamey could not afford to show weakness and on 28 September relieved Rowell of his command. There was probably no alternative, but Blamey's decision polarised feeling among senior Australian officers. Next month Blamey removed Major General Arthur Allen who had been commanding the 7th Division on its counter-offensive along the Kokoda Track. In November Blamey addressed troops of the 21st Brigade—who had been hammered by superior Japanese forces on the Kokoda Track—and seemed to accuse them of having run like rabbits. Whether his words were misunderstood or not, the soldiers were indignant.

The Australians and later the Americans drove the Japanese back to a beach-head on the north coast of Papua where they were vanquished by late January 1943. While the victory was costly, both in battle casualties and in sickness, Blamey partially re-established his standing with MacArthur.

With regards to Kokoda, the generalship of both MacArthur and Blamey has been criticised for unreasonable and unrealistic perceptions of the terrain and conditions under which the campaign was fought.

Blamey (front row, third from left) stands behind MacArthur at the Japanese surrender. Blamey signed the document on behalf of Australia. Photo: 2 September 1945, U.S. Navy.

More: WikipediaAustralian Dictionary of Biography.

…..One of the dominating images of this partnership centres on the relationship between the two senior military commanders in the South West Pacific Area, General Douglas MacArthur and General Sir Thomas Blamey.

MacArthur’s comment, during the Kokoda campaign, that ‘these Australians won’t fight’ set the initial tone for the relationship. Blamey’s retort, during the subsequent campaign, that he would prefer to send in tired Australian troops over fresh American reinforcements, ‘as he knew they would fight’ only unravelled an already fragile relationship….

https://researchonline.nd.edu.au/arts_conference/23/

1965 – Lawyer and judge Roma Mitchell becomes the first female judge in Australia.

Roma Flinders Mitchell was born in Adelaide on 2 October 1913. Mitchell was educated at St Aloysius Convent College, Adelaide, and held ambitions from a young age to be a barrister. She excelled at Adelaide University, and her involvement in student politics led to her being a pioneer for women's rights when she was denied entrance to the Law Students' Society because she was a woman. This event led to the formation of the Women Law Students' Society.

Roma Mitchell was admitted to the Bar in 1934, and became a partner in the legal firm of Nelligan, Angas Parsons and Mitchell in 1935. She continued to excel in her career, an example of which was in 1940 when she was instrumental in assisting the drafting of the Guardianship of Infants Act, passed later that year by the South Australian Parliament.

Roma Mitchell in 1965, wearing the robes and wig of a Justice of the Supreme Court of South Australia. National Archives. Statue of Dame Roma Mitchell on North Terrace, Adelaide.

On 23 September 1965, Mitchell was made a Justice of the Supreme Court of South Australia, the first Australian woman to achieve this position.

Pioneering the Australian women's rights movement, Mitchell was also the first woman in Australia to be a Queen’s Counsel in 1962 and a chancellor of an Australian university, being Chancellor of the University of Adelaide from 1983-1990.

As Governor of South Australia from 1991-1996, she also became the first woman Governor of an Australian state. In 1982 Roma Mitchell became a Dame Commander of the British Empire.

More.

A remarkable accomplishment.

2009 – A huge dust storm blankets parts of eastern Australia.

On 23 September 2009, residents in Sydney discovered that, overnight, a huge dust storm had descended on their city. Deep red and orange dust-laden skies obscured major landmarks in the city as 16,000 tonnes of soil per hour travelled in from the west and spread through most of the state, borne by high winds of up to 100 kph.

Sydney Harbour Bridge bathed in orange dust, a complete contrast to the bright blue swimming pool beneath the bridge. Ryan Lahiff, ABC

Flights were delayed, and ferry services on the Harbour were cancelled. Absenteeism increased dramatically, with an extra 27,000 people staying away from work, whilst construction unions shut down building sites after workers experienced eye irritations and respiratory problems. The NSW economy was estimated to be affected by tens of millions of dollars.

Dust-enshrouded Bondi Beach on 23 September 2009. Tim Read, ABC.

Within a few hours, the winds turned, pushing the dust north to Queensland. Flights which had been diverted from Sydney were delayed at Brisbane airport. Although not as thick and intense as it was in Sydney, the dust created widespread respiratory problems, with medical centres reporting increased numbers of asthma and related breathing difficulties. The dust gradually made its way northwards up the coast.

The view from North Burleigh beach on the Gold Coast obscured by the storm on 23 September 2009. Normally the Surfer's Paradise skyline is clearly visible on the horizon. Angela Collins, ABC.

Originating in South Australia and the Northern Territory, the dust storm reduced visibility to just 10 metres at Broken Hill in the far southwest of NSW. By 23 September 2009, the dust plume measured more than 500 kilometres in width and 1,000 kilometres in length and covered dozens of towns and cities in two states.

Dust at my place on the Gold Coast, 23 September 2009. Around early afternoon from memory ... on an otherwise sunny, cloudless day.

The high winds were caused by a cold front coming in from the west, meeting the heatwave conditions which had preceded the dust storm. Deepening El Nino conditions contributed to the dust storm.

More: WikipediaPhotos of the 2009 dust storm, ABC.

We were stuck in Broken Hill waiting for repairs to the caravan, day suddenly turned to night.

 

 

Cruelty or Vintictive?

Masked man who allegedly shot a teenage girl with a crossbow while she was shopping in Aldi is charged with attempted murder - as it's revealed her PHONE could have saved her life 

Queensland Police claimed the 25-year-old man opened fire in the Aldi at Booval in Ipswich at about 4.30pm on Tuesday before shoppers took him down

 

 

I'm afraid there are some real sickos out there!

He targeted a girl?  What a hero.

Weirdo.

A Royal RETREAT! Coastal five-bed townhouse with secret escape tunnel 'used by 14-year-old Henry VII when he fled to France in 1471' hits market for $3.1millionCoastal five-bed townhouse with secret escape tunnel used by Henry VII hits market for

This coastal townhouse (left) is up for grabs offering potential buyers a secret seaside escape - with an historic hidden tunnel used by Henry VII. The five-storey in Tenby, Pembs, comes with the underground passage (right) in its garden which history experts believe was used when Henry Tudor was just 14. A blue plaque (inset) on the wall says: 'It is said that Henry Tudor escaped through a tunnel at this site in 1471 when he fled to France.' The tunnel leads from the property's garden down to Tenby's harbour. The house was built in the 1790s and is now up for sale along with its Victorian boathouse and tunnel.

:) Interesting abode.

The current living rom

The same tunnels were used in 1485 for Henry’s return. The homecoming ended with victory at the Battle of Bosworth where Henry overpowered and defeated King Richard III and was crowned King Henry VII.

1852 – The first powered airship, created by Henri Giffard, travels 27 kilometres from Paris to Trappes.

Soon after the Montgolfier brothers launched the first hot-air balloon in 1783, inventors began to design ways to propel and control lighter-than-air aircraft. The major drawback in balloon travel was that it was essentially a one-way trip. If lighter-than-air flight was going to be successful, there had to be a way to steer the airship, or dirigible. The word "dirigible," in fact, comes from the French word diriger, meaning "to direct or to steer."

In 1850 Pierre Jullien demonstrated a cigar-shaped model airship at the Paris Hippodrome powered by a clockwork motor driving two airscrews to propel the model dirigible.

Jules Henri Giffard. Giffard hot-air balloon over Paris rooftops, 1878. Library of Congress.

Jules Henri Giffard, a French engineer and inventor, took note of Jullien's design. He built the first full-size airship — a cigar-shaped, non-rigid bag that was 44 metres long. He also built a small boiler-fired steam engine to power the airship’s large propeller.

Henri Giffard's steam-powered airship that flew on 24 September 1852. National Air and Space Museum.

The first flight of Giffard's steam-powered airship took place on 24 September 1852 — 51 years before the Wright Brothers’ first flight.

Traveling at about 10 kilometres per hour, Giffard traveled almost 27 kilometres from the Paris racecourse to Elancourt, near Trappes. The small engine could not overcome the prevailing winds, and Giffard could only manage to turn the airship in slow circles. He did, however, prove that in calm conditions controlled flight was possible.

It was not until 1872 that anyone was able to produce a full-scale machine that improved on Giffard's design.

More.

1898 – Howard Florey OM, FRS, who shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1945 is born in Adelaide.

Howard Walter Florey, OM, FRS, FRCP (24 September 1898 – 21 February 1968) was an Australian pharmacologist and pathologist who shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1945 with Sir Ernst Boris Chain and Sir Alexander Fleming for his role in the development of penicillin. He was appointed a life peer in February 1965 and became Baron Florey.

Although Fleming received most of the credit for the discovery of penicillin, it was Florey who carried out the first ever clinical trials in 1941 of penicillin at the Radcliffe Infirmary in Oxford on the first patient, a constable from Oxford. The patient started to recover but subsequently died because Florey was unable, at that time, to make enough penicillin. It was Florey and Chain who actually made a useful and effective drug out of penicillin, after the task had been abandoned as too difficult.

Florey's portrait appeared on the Australian $50 note for 22 years from 1973 to 1995, and the suburb of Florey in the Australian Capital Territory is named after him.

Florey's discoveries, along with the discoveries of Alexander Fleming and Ernst Chain, are estimated to have saved over 200 million lives, and he is consequently regarded by the Australian scientific and medical community as one of its greatest figures.

Florey died at age 69 of a congestive heart failure in 1968 and was honoured with a memorial service at Westminster Abbey, London.

More.

Although Fleming received most of the credit for the discovery of penicillin, it was Florey who carried out the first ever clinical trials in 1941 of penicillin at the Radcliffe Infirmary in Oxford on the first patient, a constable from Oxford. The patient started to recover but subsequently died because Florey was unable, at that time, to make enough penicillin.

Penicillin- the miracle drug.

1899 – Sir William Dobell, artist and sculptor was born in Cooks Hill, Newcastle, New South Wales.

Sir William Dobell OBE (24 September 1899 – 13 May 1970) was an Australian artist. William Dobell was born in Cooks Hill, a working-class neighbourhood of Newcastle, New South Wales in Australia.

His father was a builder and there were six children. Dobell's artistic talents were evident early. In 1916, he was apprenticed to Newcastle architect, Wallace L. Porter and in 1924 he moved to Sydney as a draftsman. In 1925, he enrolled in evening art classes at the Sydney Art School.

Mr Joshua Smith by William Dobell, winner Archibald Prize 1943. Dobell in his London studio circa 1929, Dobell House.

In 1929, Dobell was awarded the Society of Artists' Travelling Scholarship and travelled to England to the Slade School of Fine Art. In 1930, he won first prize for figure painting at Slade and also travelled to Poland. In 1931 he moved on to Belgium and Paris, and after 10 years in Europe returned to Australia. In 1939, he began as a part-time teacher at East Sydney Technical College. After the outbreak of war, he was drafted into the Civil Construction Corps of the Allied Works Council in 1941 as a camouflage painter; he later became an unofficial war artist.

Margaret Olley by William Dobell. Winner: Archibald Prize 1948. Dobell, pictured at home on January 20, 1949 after winning the Archibald Prize. Dobell House.

Between 1960 and 1963 TIME magazine commissioned Dobell to paint four portraits for covers, one per year. In 1964, Dobell exhibited in a major retrospective at the Art Gallery of New South Wales and the first monograph of his work was written by James Gleeson.

William Dobell won his third Archibald Prize in 1959 with his portrait of Dr Edward MacMahon. Dobell House at Wangi Wangi.

Dobell died in 1970 in Wangi Wangi. The sole beneficiary of his estate was the Sir William Dobell Art Foundation, which was founded on 19 January 1971. Dobell House, his home and studio, has been conserved and is operated by the Sir William Dobell Memorial Committee, a volunteer organisation.

More: WikipediaDobell House website.

Have been to his studio a few years back (which is currently closed because of Covid) at Wangi Wangi and purchased a print. 

https://www.dobellhouse.org.au/

1903 – Alfred Deakin become the second Prime Minister of Australia, following the resignation of Edmund Barton.

Alfred Deakin (1856–1919) was an Australian politician who served as the second Prime Minister of Australia, in office for three separate terms – 1903 to 1904, 1905 to 1908, and 1909 to 1910. He had earlier been a leader of the movement for Australian federation.

Photo in 1898 of the future 1st Prime Minister of Australia Edmund Barton and 2nd Prime Minister of Australia Alfred Deakin.

Throughout the 1890s Deakin was a participant in conferences of representatives of the Australian colonies that were established to draft a constitution for the proposed federation. He played an important role in ensuring that the draft was liberal and democratic and in achieving compromises to enable its eventual success. Between conferences, he worked to popularise the concept of federation and campaigned for its acceptance in colonial referenda. He then fought hard to ensure acceptance of the proposed constitution by the Government of the United Kingdom.

Alfred Deakin and wife Pattie in 1907. Alfred Deakin at Point Lonsdale front beach in 1910.

As Prime Minister, Deakin completed a significant legislative program that makes him, with Labor's Andrew Fisher, the founder of an effective Commonwealth government. He expanded the High Court, provided major funding for the purchase of ships, leading to the establishment of the Royal Australian Navy as a significant force under the Fisher government, and established Australian control of Papua.

Confronted by the rising Australian Labor Party in 1909, he merged his Protectionist Party with Joseph Cook's Anti-Socialist Party to create the Commonwealth Liberal Party (known commonly as the Fusion), the main ancestor of the modern Liberal Party of Australia. The Deakin-led Liberal Party government lost to Fisher Labor at the 1910 election, which saw the first time a federal political party had been elected with a majority in either house in Federal Parliament. Deakin resigned from Parliament prior to the 1913 election, with Joseph Cook winning the Liberal Party leadership ballot.

Bust of Alfred Deakin, Prime Ministers Avenue, Ballarat Botanical Gardens. Stamp. Headstone.

Deakin was almost universally liked, admired and respected by his contemporaries, who called him "Affable Alfred." Deakin had a long and happy marriage and was survived by his wife and their three daughters. His descendants are still active in Melbourne political and business circles and he is regarded as a founding father by the modern Liberal Party.

More.

 ..... Deakin's gift for words was reflected in his outstanding oratory. Perhaps the most astonishing aspect of Deakin's journalism career was that for 11 years he was secretly writing Australian political commentary for the London Morning Post under a pseudonym, including while he was Prime Minister....

https://halloffame.melbournepressclub.com/article/alfred-deakin

1906 – U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt proclaims Devils Tower in Wyoming as the nation's first National Monument.

Devils Tower is a laccolithic butte composed of igneous rock in the Bear Lodge Mountains, Crook County, northeastern Wyoming, above the Belle Fourche River. It rises dramatically 386 metres above the Belle Fourche River. The summit is 1,559 metres above sea level.

Devils Tower was the first declared United States National Monument, established on September 24, 1906, by President Theodore Roosevelt.

Modern geologists agree that Devils Tower was formed by the intrusion of igneous material, but not on exactly how that process took place. Several believe the molten rock comprising the Tower might not have surfaced; others are convinced the tower is all that remains of what once was a large explosive volcano.

The oval-shaped mesa around the Tower suggests the old volcano's shape. The red rock is the Permian-Triassic Spearfish Formation, and above that is the younger, white Gypsum Springs Formation. Aerial photo, 2010.

In recent years, about 1% of the monument's 400,000 annual visitors climbed Devils Tower, mostly using traditional climbing techniques.

More.

Amazing structure

1946 – Cathay Pacific airways is founded in Hong Kong.

Cathay Pacific is the flag carrier of Hong Kong, with its head office and main hub located at Hong Kong International Airport. The airline's operations and subsidiaries have scheduled passenger and cargo services to 180 destinations in 44 countries worldwide.

The airline was founded on 24 September 1946 by Australian Sydney H. de Kantzow and American Roy C. Farrell, with each man putting up HK$1 to register the airline. The airline made the world's first non-stop transpolar flight flying over the North Pole in July 1998, which was also the maiden flight to arrive at the then new Hong Kong International Airport.

Betsy, a DC-3, Cathay Pacific's first aircraft, in the Hong Kong Science Museum.

The airline celebrated its 60th anniversary in 2006; and as of October 2009, its major shareholders are Swire Pacific and Air China. It is reciprocally one of the major shareholders of Air China. Cathay Pacific is the world's tenth largest airline measured in terms of sales, and fourteenth largest measured in terms of market capitalisation. In 2010, Cathay Pacific became the world's largest international cargo airline, along with main hub Hong Kong International Airport as the world's busiest airport in terms of cargo traffic.

In 2006 Cathay Pacific welcomed its 100th aircraft, an Airbus A330-300, named “Progress Hong Kong”, pictured here with a DC3 aircraft that has been turned into a replica of “Niki”, Cathay Pacific’s second aircraft from 1946. The old aircraft has been restored in the airline’s second livery from the late 1940s and is on display at the company’s headquarters.

In 2019, hundreds of protesters took to the streets of Hong Kong to denounce Cathay Pacific Airways for dismissing crew taking part in or supporting anti-government rallies that swept the Chinese-ruled city for weeks. Caught in the crossfire between the politics of mainland China and anti-government protests in Hong Kong, Cathay Pacific suffered the consequences. The Cathay Pacific Group reported a 38% decline year-on-year in inbound traffic to Hong Kong in August 2019, at the height of protest unrest that lead to airport closures and flight disruptions.

In 2020 Cathay Pacific reduced international flights during the COVID-19 pandemic. At one point only 582 passengers flew with Cathay Pacific in an entire day. On 9 June 2020, Cathay Pacific, Swire Pacific and Air China halted stock trade pending the announcement. On 10 June, Cathay Pacific and the Government of Hong Kong jointly announced a HK$39 Billion recapitalisation plan and rescue package for Cathay Pacific.

More.

1948 – The Honda Motor Company is founded.

Honda Motor Co., Ltd. is a Japanese public multinational conglomerate corporation primarily known as a manufacturer of automobiles, aircraft, motorcycles, and power equipment.

2017 Honda NSX hybrid supercar.

Honda has been the world's largest motorcycle manufacturer since 1959, as well as the world's largest manufacturer of internal combustion engines measured by volume, producing more than 14 million internal combustion engines each year. Honda became the second-largest Japanese automobile manufacturer in 2001. In 2015, Honda was the eighth largest automobile manufacturer in the world behind Toyota, Volkswagen Group, Hyundai Motor Group, General Motors, Ford, Nissan, and Fiat Chrysler Automobiles.

2017 Honda Gold Wing.

Honda also manufactures garden equipment, marine engines, personal watercraft and power generators, and other products. Since 1986, Honda has been involved with artificial intelligence and robotics research releasing their ASIMO robot in 2000. They have also ventured into aerospace with the establishment of GE Honda Aero Engines in 2004 and the Honda HA-420 HondaJet, which began production in 2012.

Honda Power Equipment.

In September 2019 Honda Motor Co Ltd said it would phase out all diesel cars by 2021 in favour of models with electric propulsion systems, as the Japanese automaker moves to electrify all of its European cars by 2025.

In the US, Honda announced plans to cover 60 percent of the electricity used at its North American manufacturing plants with renewable energy. Beginning in 2019, Honda will purchase 530,000 MWh per year from the Boiling Spring Wind Farm in Oklahoma. In autumn 2021, it will begin receiving 482,000 MWh per year from a Texas solar facility. According to Honda, this deal is the largest single purchase of solar and wind power by any automaker.

More.

………..Yet here in Australia it’s a relative bit-part player, ranking tenth, climbing from twelfth two years ago. To put that local discrepancy into perspective, here in Australia, Honda (which ranks sixth globally), shifts less than half the stock of Mazda, a company that ranks 22nd in the world. All of which leaves you asking one question: Why do Australians have such a complicated relationship with Honda?............

https://www.whichcar.com.au/opinion/why-dont-australians-love-honda-like-they-used-to

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