Nature's most dazzling displays

Since the early days of his career, Sir David Attenborough has been eager to make a TV program about animals and their use of colour. But the limitations of black and white TV sets all those years ago led him to put the idea on hold.

Finally, he was given the opportunity to indulge in nature’s powerful palette with the two-part BBC One series, A Life In Colour. Looking at the use of different colours as defence mechanisms, courtship tools and a means of displaying dominance, the program travels from the rainforests of Costa Rica to the snowy slopes of Scotland.

In all their technicolour glory, nature’s best-dressed superstars are even more appealing. These are a few of the blinding acts set to dazzle on-screen.

Indian peacocks

Adorned with feathers more fanciful than a Brazilian carnival dancer, peacocks will always steal the show. Fanning open to reveal a pattern of sapphire eyes (150 in total) and emerald streaks, their prized plumage might be head-turning, but it has more than an ornamental purpose.

Typical in the avian world, it’s the males who outshine their gender counterparts – but with good reason. When it comes to dating, they have to do all the work, putting on a bright display to attract the ladies – strutting, ruffling and eventually winning her over with good looks.

Read more: David Attenborough locations

Although historically from India, peacocks are spread across the globe, some even call England home. A population has lived at Oxford Botanic Garden and Arboretum since the 19th century, and there are currently 15 birds on the site.

Andean flamingos

Deriving their colouration from the food they eat, Andean flamingos always look pretty in pink. Set against the backdrop of Chile’s Atacama Desert, they are even more spectacular as they march on spindly legs across the salt pans.

Only the brightest birds can join a mass mating dance and, at this avian nightclub, the door policy is extremely strict.

Physically drained by the efforts of tending to their young, females who’ve raised a chick the previous year lack sufficient colours for courtship. Instead, they must patiently wait their turn, while eating furiously to regain their pink power.

Magnificent birds of paradise

There are more than 40 different birds of paradise living in the dense forests of New Guinea. All boast an array of outrageous quirks and even more flamboyant outfits, but the ‘magnificent’ does particularly well to earn its name.

A dancer with more disco moves than Saturday Night Fever’s John Travolta, the male woos his woman by performing an elaborate show.

After finding a spot where enough light can shine through the canopy, he clears the ground of any distracting colours and makes use of a sapling for a podium pole. Perched high in her royal box, the female gets an aerial view, as he struts his green breast shield.

Mandrills

Mandrill baboons are one of the biggest and most colourful of all monkeys, with males weighing up to 30 kilos. But when it comes to waging war on competitors, these testosterone-fuelled warriors flex more than just muscles – their red faces of fury do most of the work.

Read more: Where are Australia’s monkeys?

As soon as they reach sexual maturity, males gain their war paints – a distinctive red arrow along their nozzles and a violet rump on their behind. The brighter their colours, the higher status they can earn in troops.

Gabon, in Central Africa, is one of the best places to find these primates, who inspired the character of Rafiki in The Lion King.

Poison Dart Frogs

Although not much bigger than a fingernail, the poison dart frog has good reason to be feared, as one of the deadliest creatures in Central America’s rainforests. Although typically not deadly to humans, their skin is still toxic and can cause swelling or – in extreme cases – even paralysis.

Fortunately, these tiny amphibians aren’t merciless killing machines ready to ambush unsuspecting prey. Their bright colours are a warning signal to stay away, and are also used to fight off rivals.

Read more: Animals you have to see to believe

Also known as poison arrow frogs, they were sought after by Amerindian tribes, who used their skin secretions to make darts for hunting.

What’s your favourite colourful display from nature? Have you seen any of these creatures in the wild? Please share your memories in the comments section below.

– With PA

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Written by Sarah Marshall



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