Vale John Malcolm Fraser

There was a great deal more to Malcolm Fraser than the dismissal of Gough Whitlam’s Government.

Vale John Malcolm Fraser

Member for Wannen, 1955-198

There was a great deal more to John Malcolm Fraser than the controversial dismissal of Gough Whitlam’s Government in 1975. Whilst that divisive and exceptional landmark in the Australian political landscape is seared forever in the memories of most who lived through it, paradoxically the good works of the 22nd Prime Minister of Australia are largely forgotten.

He entered the House of Representatives in 1955 aged just 25, the youngest Member of Parliament, becoming a cabinet minister in 1966 and Opposition leader in 1975. We perhaps recall Fraser as Minister for the Army, sending conscripts to Vietnam, but how many of us are aware that, after that conflict, his government accepted 56,000 Vietnamese refugees and they were officially described as "boat people", not illegal entrants. These Vietnamese represented just part of the 200, 0000 Asians who came to our country while Fraser was Prime Minister, marking the end of the long-running White Australia Policy.

Although his public persona was of an aloof, born-to-rule landed patrician, popularly likened to an Easter Island stone statue, his fierce opposition to racial and ethnic intolerance, and an enduring humanitarian streak always underpinned his policies. His government was responsible for establishing the Australian Human Rights Commission, Freedom of Information, the SBS, the Australian Institute of Sport, The Federal Ombudsman and the Australian Federal Police. Fraser was a consistently strong opponent of Apartheid and the white minority Ian Smith Government in Rhodesia, He also continued the Whitlam Government’s reforms for aborigines guaranteeing land rights and self-government for the Northern Territory

After 22 years in Parliament, and his defeat, in 1983 by the resurgent Australian Labor Party under newly-minted and charismatic leader Bob Hawke, Fraser returned to the family property, Nareen, but he didn’t retire from public service. In 1987 he set up, and for many years chaired CARE Australia and he continued to advocate human rights from his position as chair of the Commonwealth Eminent Persons Group.

With the passage of time it became increasingly apparent that Fraser had much more in common with his former political opponent Whitlam than with his own side of politics. Both shared a vision of Australia of a strong, independent nation, not subservient to the US, and welcoming China’s emergence as an international powerhouse.

And even on environmental issues Fraser was a conservationist well ahead of his time. He infuriated the then Queensland Premier Joh Bjelke-Petersen by banning sandmining on the world’s largest sand island, Fraser Island, paving the way for World Heritage listing in 1981 and, in a similar departure from traditional conservative priorities and policies, he banned oil exploration on the Great Barrier Reef. Little surprise then that he appeared on the same platform as the Greens Senator Sarah Hanson-Young to endorse her re-election in 2013. Fraser was his own man and uninhibited in speaking his mind.

Domestically, he was reconciled with his former political foe Gough Whitlam and increasingly outspoken in his criticism of both sides of Australian politics, but especially his old party and his successors, Prime Ministers John Howard and Tony Abbott. This culminated in his very public resignation from the Liberal Party in 2009.

Those of us who observed the public face of John Malcolm Fraser, witnessed the unusual metamorphosis of an economic rationalist and ruthless politician into one of the last of the small ‘l’ Liberals. A complex and conflicted man who, perhaps, shone most brilliantly in his post-parliamentary days.

Although a cliché, he was a ‘towering presence’ on the public stage, both during and after leaving politics. He embodied and advocated some ‘old fashioned values’ and Australia is poorer for his passing and the loss of his resonating, authoritative voice of reason and tolerance.

Karl Wofenden of Invocare
"When a leading figure, such as a former prime minister, dies, it can feel 
like the end of an epoch, especially when their public life was a period of high change. Also, with public life comes public profile so, often, a leading figure becomes part of our cultural backdrop. While we did not know them personally, they have had an impact in our lives and we can still feel a connection to them long after their influence subsides. Remembering them, in a way, is also remembering our former selves. Honouring them can feel like honouring a part of ourselves too."





    COMMENTS

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    mardouh
    23rd Mar 2015
    12:10pm
    RIP Malcolm Fraser you made a difference!!
    particolor
    27th Mar 2015
    9:33pm
    He made a Difference to My pay packet !! An 8% Difference :-(
    MICK
    23rd Mar 2015
    12:41pm
    Don't know a lot about Fraser other than he did a dirty with Kerr, the govenor general to replace Gough Whitlam as prime minister. I always thought that was the purpose of elections.
    I cannot understand for the life of me why low life politicians are given a respectable send-off with all members singing their eulogies.
    Tom Tank
    23rd Mar 2015
    1:04pm
    Malcolm Fraser's action in refusing "Supply" leading to the dismissal of a Government that had the power in the Lower House of Parliament by the Governor General will forever be a stain on his reputation. The fact that he won the resultant election can never justify the breaking of our political system.
    Those who believe otherwise should consider the fact that if the current Governor General had dismissed Abbot's Government a couple of months the ALP would have romped into Office. Would that hypothetical situation be justified?
    Having said that Fraser was the last of the true Liberals as they have now swung was to the right, staring with Howard. Fraser did not change his views on Human Rights or any of the other issues he spoke out on it was the Liberals who betrayed the beliefs of Menzies et al. In fact if Howard or Abbott (and their cohorts) had tried to join the Libs back in Menzies days he would not have had them in the party such is their distance from the origins of the Liberal Party.
    Malcolm Fraser did make a difference to Australia in a good way apart from that one major black mark for which he will always be remembered.
    Sydstan
    23rd Mar 2015
    1:35pm
    He dismissed a government that people voted in - hard to respect that.
    Adrianus
    23rd Mar 2015
    2:54pm
    Is that like sacking a first term PM who was elected by the people?
    particolor
    23rd Mar 2015
    2:05pm
    Toodle OO !!
    Gerry
    23rd Mar 2015
    3:28pm
    President of











    He also lobbied very hard for Mr Robert Mugabe to become President of Zimbabwe, what an unqualified success that has been for Zimbabwe, once the bread basket of southern Africa, now a basket case itself!
    Desiree
    24th Mar 2015
    5:21pm
    Another pollie gone that had his nose in the public tax trough for 32 years. Nice if you can get it.
    Gold travel card, office staff etc.
    particolor
    24th Mar 2015
    7:28pm
    And a Millionaire when He entered Parliament !!
    wally
    25th Mar 2015
    11:02pm
    I wonder how welcoming Big Mal would have been if refugees from Rhodesia/Zimbabwe had sought refuge in Australia after Mugabe started grabbing their property?
    Gerry
    25th Mar 2015
    11:38pm
    Zimbabwe seemed to slip from Malcolm`s memory, never heard him mention that as one of his great achievements whilst PM, funny that ...... still, compared to the current crop in the Parliament he looks good!!!!


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