Five deadliest diseases that are not heart disease or cancer

We know the two big killers for women, but what else should be on your radar?

Woman With Diabetes

Heart diseases and cancer are the leading causes of death for women in Australia. Depending on a woman’s age, those two diseases account for roughly 30 per cent to 55 per cent of all deaths. These two illnesses are obviously the leading killers of men as well, with the location of the cancers, usually the main difference.

While you are right to worry about reducing you cancer risk and addressing your heart health, there are a number of other killers, which should be on your radar.

We assess the risk factors and explain how you can best protect yourself.

1. Dementia and Alzheimer’s
Dementia is not one specific disease, but a collection of brain disorders loosely titled cerebrovascular diseases, encapsulating a range of symptoms. Among the elderly it is extremely common and the latest figures suggest around one-third of all Australians over the age of 85 suffer from it. The most common types of dementia include Alzheimer's disease, Vascular dementia, Parkinson's disease, Dementia with Lewy bodies, Frontotemporal Lobar Degeneration (FTLD), Huntington's disease, alcohol-related dementia (Korsakoff syndrome) and Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease. Cerebrovascular diseases account for the deaths of about 12,000 Australians a year. While there is no known cure for dementia, doctors advise that the best way to stave off its onset is to have a healthy diet composed of a lot of fruit and vegetables and to keep your brain stimulated.

The early signs of dementia are very subtle and vague and may not be immediately obvious. Some common symptoms may include:

  • progressive and frequent memory loss
  • confusion
  • personality change
  • apathy and withdrawal
  • loss of ability to perform everyday tasks.

For more information visit fightdementia.org.au

2. Stroke
As well as being one of Australia’s leading killers, stroke is also a leading cause of permanent disability. A stroke occurs when a blood clot disrupts the supply of blood to the brain. Around 11,000 Australians are killed by stroke each year and the number of women killed annually by strokes outnumbers women killed by breast cancer. The good news is that scientists believe that up to 80 per cent of strokes can be prevented. High blood pressure, high cholesterol, smoking, obesity and excessive alcohol intake all increase the risk of stroke.

The Stroke Foundation now provides an easy test to recognise the signs of stroke, called the FAST method. Using the FAST test involves asking these simple questions:

  • Face Check their face. Has their mouth drooped?
  • Arm Can they lift both arms?
  • Speech Is their speech slurred? Do they understand you?
  • Time Time is critical. If you see any of these signs, call 000 straight away.

For more information visit strokefoundation.org.au

3. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
COPD is the umbrella term for a bunch of nasty lung-related issues, including asthma, emphysema and bronchitis. In 2015, there were 7991 deaths due to COPD in Australia, which represents five per cent of all deaths in that year. The leading factors contributing to COPD are:

  • poor environmental conditions
  • socioeconomic disadvantage
  • ‘risky behaviours’ (cigarette smoking, alcohol use, and substance use)
  • poor nutrition.

While there is currently no cure for COPD, there are things people can do to breathe easier, and improve their quality of life, including quitting smoking and avoiding polluted air.

For more information visit lungfoundation.com.au

4. Diabetes
Diabetes affects about 1.7 million Australians, with roughly 280 people developing the condition every day. Diabetes is formed when the body cannot maintain healthy levels of glucose (sugar) in the blood. The condition is the leading cause of kidney failure and increases the risk of heart attack and stroke. While there are various types of diabetes, Type 2 can be prevented by maintaining a healthy weight, regular exercise, eating healthily and managing blood pressure and cholesterol levels. Early symptoms of diabetes include urinating all the time, feeling thirsty, extreme fatigue, vision problems and feeling hungry even when you are eating enough.

For more information visit diabetesaustralia.com.au

5. Kidney and urinary diseases
Chronic kidney disease is often referred to as ‘the silent disease’ because there are often no warning signs and people are able to lose 90 per cent of their kidney function before getting any symptoms. If you experience pain when urinating you should consult with your doctor as this can often be a sign that there is something wrong with the urinary system. The best way to keep your kidneys healthy is to drink plenty of fresh water daily.

For more information visit kidney.org.au

RELATED ARTICLES





    COMMENTS

    To make a comment, please register or login
    fish head
    22nd May 2017
    8:45pm
    RE: Type 2 diabetes For some people with a pancreatic hereditary weakness, Type 2 diabetes is like playing Russian Roulette. It cannot be avoided but can be CONTROLLED by the measures mentioned above.How good that control is determined by the body's reaction to medication and the individual's self control over eating habits.
    Shetso1
    23rd May 2017
    10:41am
    'Tips for Staying Healthy'.....Turn off the computer!!!!!
    michellemartin
    24th May 2017
    11:21am
    I was told I had emphysema in 1987 when I was 45 years old. I smoked for 30 years, but quit smoking as soon as I was told that I had COPD. Quitting smoking was the hardest thing I ever did. But I knew I would die if I didn't. My health was getting so bad that I needed oxygen 24/7 and was down to 92lbs. Thankfully, in 1999 I got lung volume reduction surgery. It saved my life. I no longer needed oxygen and was able to climb stairs, dance, and travel the world. That good fortune lasted for almost 13 years. I am now back on oxygen 24/7 and can't climb stairs, dance or travel the world. i searched for alternative treatment Online i was introduced to Health herbal clinic by a friend here in the United states she told me they have successful herbal treatment to Emphysema and other lungs diseases. I spoke to few people who used the treatment here in USA and they all gave a positive response, so i immediately purchased the COPD herbal formula and commenced usage, its totally unexplainable how all the symptoms totally dissapeared, my cough was gone and i no longer experience shortness of breath(dyspnea), contact this herbal clinic via their email Info@ healthherbalclinic. net Or website www. healthherbalclinic. net Herbs are truely gift from God
    pamelawayans
    9th May 2018
    9:52pm
    I have had ASTHMA my whole life but about 7 years ago my asthma got so bad and was diagnosed of EMPHYSEMA/COPD which was most likely due to the asthma. I was on double antibiotics and steroids, still didn't feel any better. My lungs were constantly wheezing in all four chambers, i already used Advair, Spiriva, and Albuterol in my nebulizer, they just didn’t do much. April 2016 my sister in-law told us about Rich Herbs Foundation where she ordered herbs that effectively treated her arthritis. We ordered their COPD herbal treatment after reading alot of positive reviews, i am happy to report this COPD herbal treatment reversed my lungs condition. My quality of life has greatly improved and every one of my symptoms including difficulty breathing and wheezing are gone. Their official web page is ww w. richherbsfoundation. c om. I will be 52 soon and have never been healthier!
    michellemartin
    7th Aug 2018
    1:35am
    I had been hospitalized for 4 years in a row all in the same month march, for shortness of breath. They thought it was asthma. The last time which was this year, they hospitalized me for a week. Which they ran lots of test and determined I have COPD. The symptoms I had were shortness of breath, tired, and coughing.There has been little if any progress in finding a cure or reliable treatment. I was seeking something to help regain my life to be able to do things for myself. Through my primary physician i learnt about a COPD disease herbal formula from NATURAL HERBAL GARDENS and their success rate with the treatment, i immediately started on the COPD disease herbal protocol, I am glad to report the herbal formula worked effectively and there was no side effects, I had a total decline in symptoms, the Chest tightness, shortness of breath and other symptoms stopped, my COPD disease is totally REVERSED, Here is a link to the website we ordered from ww w.naturalherbalgardens.c om This Herbal Protocol is Incredible!!


    Join YOURLifeChoices, it’s free

    • Receive our daily enewsletter
    • Enter competitions
    • Comment on articles