Researchers suspect talking can transmit the coronavirus

Quiet please: researchers suspect loud talking transmits the coronavirus.

Talking can transmit virus: research

First, there were concerns that the coronavirus could spread through the air. Now, there is a “substantial probability that normal speaking causes airborne virus transmission in confined environments”.

That’s the conclusion of research published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) in the US.

Talking launches thousands of tiny droplets that remain suspended in the air for up to 14 minutes, according to the The New York Times, which could explain “how people with mild or no symptoms may infect others in close quarters such as offices, nursing homes, cruise ships and other confined spaces”.

“Speech droplets generated by asymptomatic carriers of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) are increasingly considered to be a likely mode of disease transmission,” the PNAS study confirmed. “Highly sensitive laser light scattering observations have revealed that loud speech can emit thousands of oral fluid droplets per second.”

The US Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) urges Americans to wear masks in public to protect others from droplets exhaled by breath, speech coughs, and sneezes.

In mid-April, it was revealed that the “virus behind the world's COVID-19 pandemic could stay infectious in the air for more than 12 hours”. It was found to be much more ‘resilient’ in the air than similar previous viruses SARS and MERS.

It was previously assumed that COVID-19 mostly spread through close contact, in large water droplets expelled from the nose or mouth when a patient coughed or sneezed.

These droplets could contaminate surfaces such as doorknobs, leading to an infection in those who touched the surface then their face. But the droplets were considered to be too heavy to survive long in the air.

However, it now appears some smaller droplets can remain in the air and be inhaled by others.

A cough can propel about 3000 respiratory droplets; sneezing as many as 40,000.

A study at the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases and the University of Pennsylvania showed that about 2600 small droplets per second were produced by talking.

The study found that speaking louder could generate larger droplets, in larger numbers. Researchers estimated one minute of loud speaking could produce 1000 virus-containing droplets.

“Based on this and other evidence, it would be wise to avoid extended face-to-face conversations with other people unless you are far apart and in a well-ventilated space, including outdoors,” Linsey Marr, a professor of civil and environmental engineering at Virginia Tech told The New York Times.

There is debate about how far the droplets can travel, with some scientists arguing they can be propelled more than 1.8 metres, depending on conditions such as the surrounding temperature, air currents and the force with which they are launched. One study suggests a slight breeze can transport the droplets more than five metres.

Researchers don’t yet know whether droplets from coughs, sneezes and speech are equally infectious, or how much of the virus is required to make someone sick by breathing it in.

Little wonder CNBC said the study had “huge ramifications for what kind of spaces and activities are considered safe” in the US, which has suffered close to 100,000 COVID-19 deaths. “Public transport and rooms with poor ventilation are considered high-risk areas for this kind of transmission.”

A CDC investigation of a cluster of COVID-19 infections in a church choir helped confirm that the disease could be transferred by more means than originally accepted.

“The act of singing, itself, might have contributed to transmission through emission of aerosols, which is affected by loudness of vocalisation,” the CDC report says.

“Following one meeting in early March that 61 people attended, there were soon 32 confirmed infections and another 20 secondary COVID-19 cases. Three people were hospitalised. Two died,” reported.

The CDC’s official line now is that the virus spreads:

  • between people who are within two metres of each other
  • through respiratory droplets produced when a person with the infection coughs, sneezes, or talks
  • when these droplets land in the mouth or nose of a person who is nearby.

“It may also be possible for a person to contract SARS-CoV-2 by touching a surface that has contaminated droplets on it, then touching their mouth, nose, or eyes.”

The World Health Organisation states that coronaviruses can remain active on certain surfaces for a few hours or several days, depending on variables such as the type of surface, temperature, and humidity.

Does the research suggest we should all be wearing face masks in public? Do you wear a face mask when you are out and about?

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    27th May 2020
    The thing about research is that it is very fluid, opinions change regularly, you only have to look at some of the language used in this article, could, may, depending on other variables, might, some studies, we have to look at all the variables that different researchers come up with before we can come up with any conclusions. I worked in research myself for about 8 years in the steel industry, the research I was involved in started in 1898, it hasn’t really concluded yet although various forms of success have been achieved, that’s research!
    27th May 2020
    Totally agree with you Jim. I also believe these maybes used in the article are the type of things that YLC should not put in if this is a magazine typed site for older people , some who get bloody frightened. Research article with all the could be may be, stuf that is written is unnecessary for this publication.
    And does it worry me? Well of course it does, but it seems frightening people is the media plan these days!
    27th May 2020
    The way some people spit when they talk, then Yes, maybe. But a sensible, reasonable person, this is simply scare mongering.
    27th May 2020
    Its the puffing sweaty joggers that I make a wide birth for when walking the dog.
    Just assume everyone has it and look after yourself.
    27th May 2020
    Definitely the research confirms we should all be wearing face masks in public to protect ourselves and others. My husband and I wear them when we have to go into a shop but no-one else in our area appears to wear them and on occasions people have commented negatively about our wearing them. I don’t understand why Australians are behaving so irresponsibly when it comes to mask wearing. Why are our health care workers wearing masks? Doesn’t it make sense that if they are wearing masks to protect themselves then the public should also be wearing masks to protect themselves and others?
    27th May 2020
    The thing that concerns me about wearing a mask is that, if the above is correct, droplets which can land on the mask must leave damp, infectious patches which the wearer will breathe in for as long as the mask is worn. Also how often do the masks get changed?
    27th May 2020
    Yes Triss. The biggest thing is that masks provide a false sense of security.

    People do NOT change them often enough (it should be every 20 minutes), most I see are the wrong type and very badly fitting both meaning there is no protection. Home-made masks are dreadful they do not prevent anything.

    And then there are the mask wearers that are not even wearing them correctly (noses poking out), and then continue to rub eyes, blow noses etc.

    Just wearing any mask for as long as you want, probably reusing the same mask several times is no protection for anything. It may salve a guilty conscience for NOT social distancing or poor hand hygiene but that's about it.
    27th May 2020
    To Triss, all Masks do is "CUT THE ODDS" they can never be 100% , everything to do with this virus is about cutting the odds against getting it, social distancing hand washing ALL THE TIME, and not touching your face after touching other things especially areas of high public use, but we all have to follow the rules now, corona is here to stay, it'll never leave earth now it's been created, deliberately or accidentally or from some wild animal in a wet market?
    I believe that sooner than later we will see situations where to keep people together and in jobs and return the economies to what they were, that the governments every where will have to bring in legislation with heavy penalties if people do not conform , because I have seen many many people not conforming to the keep healthy safety rules.
    So until we get a vaccine, the law may have to enforce some common sense. U
    27th May 2020
    Wow! So the conclusion as far as I can see is that being alive is the most prominent risk factor. So what is the solution? More and more isolation? Keeping our darned traps shut tight? Not breathing??? So many proposed solutions already out there and even more debunking narratives to discredit them ..........
    27th May 2020
    What part of social distancing (i.e. stay 1.5m away from another person) do you not understand?

    Whether you whisper (thereby causing the listener to get closer) or shout (thereby expelling air more forcibly causing the listener to move away ) contact with other people is a risk and more so when inside. That is why when inside the distance increases to 4 sq mts per person.

    This is NOT new. We have been told this since the beginning. This is just another scaremongering misrepresentation of what we already know. Something YLC excels at!
    Chris B T
    27th May 2020
    I hope There Is No Withholding Of Information on COVID-19.
    The need to know Basis Is Not Working, with Time Lines changing and apparently if your a footballer/Whatever code your free to go around in a "Bubble" there are a lot "Bubbles" outside of Capital Cities.
    Restrictions are slow to be Lifted.
    27th May 2020
    Masks maybe the go permanently ? But we already know about spreading germs and how we pick up colds and flu, and corona is a very contagious disease, but YLC should perhaps ease up on frightening people, with new a theory nearly every day about COVID19, really some people get depressed and I 'd say we all knew that talking to someone with any disease there is a chance of picking up something, I 'd say in paublic or dealing with strangers that a mask will become the norm.
    Some company will make a long term mint for itself . Or maybe we just use smoke signals.

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