How Australians die – top five causes

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Can you guess the top five causes of death in Australia? Write it down, quiz your family, and then read to discover how Australians die.

1. Heart disease and stroke
Heart disease and diseases of the vascular system, including stroke, are not only the number one cause of death in Australia, they are also the leading cause of death in the world. There are different kinds of heart diseases, but the main one is coronary heart disease. Coronary heart disease affects the supply of blood to the heart muscle itself, which can then lead to a heart attack. Coronary heart disease is almost always caused by atherosclerosis, which is the build-up of cholesterol in the arteries. In 2014, coronary heart disease killed over 20,000 people in Australia.

2. Cancers
There are around 200 different types of cancers and, of those, seven are listed in the top 20 causes of death in Australia. Together, they are the number two reason of death for Australians. These seven types of cancer are: lung, blood, lymph, bowel, prostate, breast, pancreas and skin. While lung cancer is currently the cancer with the highest death rate, Australia continues to lead the world when it comes to reducing smoking rates. Because of this, less than 13 per cent of Australian adults now smoke and, in the future, lung-cancer deaths are expected to drop.

3. Dementia
Dementia itself is not a deadly disease. However, those with dementia usually experience health deterioration over a long period of time. Often death occurs as a result of complications with another illness, such as a respiratory infection. In these cases, the underlying cause of death is registered as dementia. Dementia was the cause of death for nearly 12,000 Australians in 2014. As the Australian population ages, the number of dementia-related deaths is expected to rise.

4. Chronic lower respiratory diseases
This category is a little less clearly defined, as it is made up of a group of conditions that all affect the lungs. The three main conditions are chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), asthma and bronchiectasis, which is the medical term for permanent damage to the airways. Lungs contain millions of tiny little air sacks, called alveoli. The alveoli are the part of the lungs that absorb oxygen. These diseases damage the alveoli, which means the body absorbs less oxygen. This in turn can cause shortness of breath. Many people with COPD will actually die of heart disease, so it is possible death brought on by COPD is still underreported. The main risk factor for COPD is smoking.

5. Diabetes
While other major causes of death in Australia may be falling, instances of diabetes are rising sharply. Thirty years ago, about a quarter-of-a-million Australians suffered from diabetes. Today, there are about 2 million sufferers. Diabetes is a leading cause of heart attack, stroke, amputation, kidney failure, depression, dementia and severe infection. Last year, people under 60-years-of-age made up nearly half of all diabetes-related deaths in the world. At least two in every five adults will develop type 2 diabetes in their lifetime. Given the nasty complications that come with this condition, it is worth working to your change diet and exercise habits early to prevent it becoming a problem later in life.

Did you guess all five leading causes of death in Australia? Was there something you expected to see on the list that didn’t appear?

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3 Comments

Total Comments: 3
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    I have had ASTHMA my whole life but about 7 years ago my asthma got so bad and was diagnosed of EMPHYSEMA/COPD which was most likely due to the asthma. I was on double antibiotics and steroids, still didn’t feel any better. My lungs were constantly wheezing in all four chambers, i already used Advair, Spiriva, and Albuterol in my nebulizer, they just didn’t do much. April 2016 my sister in-law told us about Rich Herbs Foundation where she ordered herbs that effectively treated her arthritis. We ordered their COPD herbal treatment after reading alot of positive reviews, i am happy to report this COPD herbal treatment reversed my lungs condition. My quality of life has greatly improved and every one of my symptoms including difficulty breathing and wheezing are gone. Their official web page is ww w. richherbsfoundation. c om. I will be 52 soon and have never been healthier!

  2. 0
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    I was diagnosed with COPD 5 years ago and was taking Spiriva and Advair plus nose sprays to slow down progression. My symptoms have always been shortness of breath, and dizziness. I am a 54 year old male. the Spiriva wasn’t really working and I could not tolerate them for long due to severe side effects, so this year our family doctor started me on Natural Herbal Gardens COPD Herbal mixture, We ordered their COPD herbal treatment after reading alot of positive reviews, i am happy to report with the help of Natural Herbal Garden natural herbs I have been able to reverse my symptoms using herbs, my symptoms totally declined over a 9 weeks use of the Natural Herbal Gardens COPD natural herbal formula. My COPD is totally reversed! Their official web page is www . naturalherbalgardens . com After the herbal treatment I also finally was able to give up smoking after 20 years. I ‘m thankful to nature

  3. 0
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    2016 I was told I had mild emphysema, and COPD. I was shocked, I had only had minor breathing problems at times. However I had smoked for 17 years when I was very young and had quit over 38 years ago, when I developed asthma. I always heard your lungs were cleared 5 years after you quit smoking,If not for total cure herbal treatment i would”ve still be at oxygen all time,the herbal remedies has terminate the the symptoms and im fully cured of this disease in only 15 weeks of usage,the ,breathing difficulty has fully relief me and i started sleeping like a baby again after the first three weeks of usage,do not hesitate to contact them on this address and place your order because the herbal foundation has the right formula for this lung diseases http://www.totalcureherbsfoundation. com


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