Remember when buying health insurance or a mobile phone plan was almost impossible because you could never compare apples with apples?
Welcome to the new world, where buying an electric vehicle has become one of the most difficult decisions to make based on the data available.
Research indicates that 70 per cent of Australians now think they will own a hybrid or EV some time in the future.
Not surprisingly, the most important factor for most people considering an EV is the savings they can make on fuel – especially now with fuel prices rising at an alarming rate. The second most important factor is lower running costs (which isn’t just the cost of the fuel you put in the tank). And whether they truly believe it or are just saying what they think they should, 60 per cent of people cited reduced carbon emissions as the third most important consideration.
We’re being subjected to an almost unrelenting barrage of information (some would call it propaganda) aimed at pushing us into EVs in as short a time as possible. One of the latest is a report by Transport NSW that EVs can cut fuel costs by up to 70 per cent. Another is a report by the Electric Vehicle Council (no self-interest there!) that annual maintenance savings can save $300 to $400 a year.
The biggest hurdle: initial purchase price
The only fly in the ointment for all of this is that EVs are generally considerably more expensive than their petrol-engined equivalents.
But prices are coming down.
The cheapest all-electric vehicle on the market is the MG ZS EV that sells from around $47,000, or $10,000 more than a vehicle of similar size and specification, but with a petrol engine.
The Lexus UX300e small SUV, the first fully electric model from Lexus, is $81,000 (plus on-road costs) in Sports Luxury trim. Its equivalent, the UX200 Sports Luxury is $25,000 less at $55,250. Even with fuel at more than $2 a litre, it takes plenty of time to recoup that sort of price difference.
Money for free
At this stage, there are no federal incentives for EV buyers (other than a higher luxury car tax threshold for low-emission vehicles), but more and more state governments are offering incentives to push buyers into EVs.
In NSW, the government is offering a $3000 rebate for electric and hydrogen fuel cell vehicles valued at less than $68,750. This offer is planned to be removed after 25,000 EVs have been sold. An additional incentive is the removal of stamp duty on EVs priced up to $78,000.
Queensland also offers a $3000 rebate on zero-emission vehicles (in other words, electric and hydrogen fuel cell vehicles), but only those valued below $58,000 (including GST), which substantially limits choice. It also offers discounted vehicle registration fees and registration duty costs.
Victoria follows the pattern by offering a $3000 subsidy for EVs or fuel cell electric vehicles valued under $68,740, reduced stamp duty rates and a $100 discount on annual registration fees. Originally, the subsidy was limited to 20,000 EVs, but has been expanded by an additional 2600.
The ACT has gone for complete exemption from stamp duty, plus two years’ free registration (zero-emission vehicles) on an EV bought for the first time and interest-free loans of up to $15,000.
South Australia has also gone the subsidy route with $3000 and exemption from registration charges for three years.
WA was late to the party, but now offers rebates of $3500 on new EVs or FCEVs up to $70,000.
Tasmania doesn’t offer a rebate, but will waive stamp duty on all EVs bought in Tasmania until 2023.
Lenders are also getting involved, with low-rate loans to people buying EVs.
Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles are obvious losers
Not everyone is convinced about fully electric vehicles, and they certainly don’t suit all usage patterns.
Many buyers are hedging their bets with plug-in hybrid vehicles, but as you can see from the previous section, they don’t qualify for rebates, subsidies, stamp duty reductions or registration savings, because a plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) also has a petrol engine and therefore doesn’t qualify as a zero-emission vehicle.
PHEV users will also find themselves paying the fuel excise and taxes on every litre of fuel they buy. And, inexplicably, PHEV owners will increasingly find themselves being penalised for every kilometre they travel (Victoria, WA and SA introduced a two cent per kilometre levy on plug-in hybrids from 1 July 2021; NSW will introduce a two cent levy from 1 July 2027).
Regular hybrids (where the electric motor enhances and assists the petrol engine but cannot operate the vehicle exclusively on electric power, and cannot be externally recharged) also miss out on any financial advantages, other than using slightly less fuel.
The (depreciating) elephant in the room
Most people aren’t aware (or choose to ignore) that one of the most significant expenses on vehicle ownership is how much it loses in depreciation over its life.
Data on petrol-engine cars is readily available because they have been around long enough to be quantified, but the jury’s out on EVs.
With the battery being such a substantial expense, older EVs may have no value at all as their batteries approach the end of their useful life.
Who would put a $8000 battery in a 10-year old Prius?
We know of one elderly owner of a 10-year old Toyota Prius. The battery in her car is almost useless, and the replacement cost is $8000. Since the car is worth around $15,000 (give or take), replacing the battery doesn’t make financial sense. And nobody is likely to buy it if they think they’ll be facing an $8000 outlay on a new battery. That Prius is headed for the junkyard.
Elon Musk, super salesman and eternal optimist, suggests that a Tesla is “an appreciating asset”. The numbers say otherwise.
As with everything Tesla, nothing is easy to access or confirm, but as near as we can find, a top-of-the-range Tesla Model 3 cost almost $100,000 when new in 2019. The current trade-in value appears to be between $62,000 and $68,000. Things are even worse with the (much) more expensive Tesla S P100D (the top of the range). In December 2018, list price was $257,433. Current trade-in value appears to be between $90,000 and $98,000.
Give with one hand, take away with the other
Governments hate losing money, or missing out on revenue opportunities.
Fuel excise revenue will be adversely affected if we all start driving cars that don’t need fuel, so state treasurers are getting creative to claw back that lost income.
Victoria, SA and WA have already introduced a road user charge of 2.5 cents per kilometre on EVs (two cents on PHEVs). The NSW government plans to introduce a similar charge from1 July 2027 or whenever EVs reach 30 per cent of new car sales (whichever comes first). WA intends to introduce an EV tax from 1 July 2027. SA’s EV tax has been pushed back until 1 July 2027, or 30 per cent EV uptake (whichever comes first).
You can bet your bottom dollar that other states are also looking closely at how they can tax EV users to recoup the money they are losing at the petrol pump.
Paul Murrell is a motoring writer and creator of seniordriveraus.com, which specialises in “car advice for people whose age and IQ are both over 50”.
This article first appeared on seniordriveraus.com and is republished here with permission.
If you enjoy our content, don’t keep it to yourself. Share our free eNews with your friends and encourage them to sign up.