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Our Planet

Carbon dioxide levels in the Earth's atmosphere are higher than they have been for the past 23 million years - and it's a direct result of human activity, study shows 

Researchers say today's high levels of CO2 are a direct result of human activity and are fluctuating at a rate never seen in the geological timeline.

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CSIRO maps 1.7 million grain paddocks from space

Scientists at CSIRO, Australia's national science agency, have solved a farming challenge using artificial intelligence to identify the boundary of every individual paddock in Australia's grain growing region from space – around 1.7 million of them.

The technology has been developed into a new product called ePaddocks, designed to save time for farmers and others in the agricultural sector when using digital services for farm analytics and insights.

Currently, farm management software requires users to manually draw paddock boundaries for every service they use, like satellite-assisted fertiliser application or crop growth monitoring, and they may have to update this information every growing season.

Unlike property boundaries, which are recorded in local council or title records, paddock boundaries aren't historically recorded anywhere.

ePaddocks can identify paddock boundaries from season to season but doesn't identify a particular property or landowner, or what paddock belongs to whom.

CSIRO remote sensing specialist Dr Franz Waldner said ePaddocks was highly accurate, detailed and available at the touch of a button.

"The satellite images we use, although publicly available, are cumbersome to download, store and analyse by the average person," Dr Waldner said.

"So we apply our deep neural network and algorithms to produce the paddock boundaries based on vegetation signatures and land features.

"Our method only needs one satellite image taken at any point in the growing season to distinguish the boundaries. It relies on data driven processes and decisions rather than assumptions about what’s on the ground.

"Paddock boundaries have been highly sought after in the digital agriculture world for a little while now, but we’ve tackled it over the past year or so with new technologies and solved it. Our method will set the standard for similar geo-spatial products."

CSIRO experts in agronomy, satellite imagery, data science, software engineering and innovation joined forces and developed the product in record time.

The ePaddocks technology could also be used in other countries and to improve land use maps and track species richness.

ePaddocks is available to purchase from today on CSIRO's Ag Climate Data Shop.

 Satellite image overlaid by ePaddocks showing the paddock boundaries (in yellow) on 45 x 45 square kilometres of Western Australia.

Satellite image overlaid by ePaddocks showing the paddock boundaries (in yellow) on 45 x 45 square kilometres of Western Australia. Credit: Copernicus Sentinel data 2019.  ©Copernicus Sentinel data 2019

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Reminds me when we are coming into land an hour before touch down at Perth International Airport, looking out the window there are lots of paddocks and sand lakes.


Did you see the article on the previous page about plants in PNG?



No I hadn't Incognito!  thank you for drawing my attention to them, they do remind me of some of our West Australian wild flowers like this one too and the other succulents.

Quite ok to put the other photos up too, it is the planet after all. Thanks for your interest in the Thread.

Shrubs   westernaustralianorchids Instagram posts (photos and videos ...


I was amazed at the diversity of plants still in PNG, I hope they don't get destroyed by mining, the mining companies have been moving into PNG, lucky so much of it is inaccessible and mountainous.

I would guess the rest of the world is the same or was once upon a time Incognito but the humans have killed all of them over the centuries.

ePaddocks sounds like a great idea from the CSIRO.

Hope farmers find it really helpful.

Canada's last fully intact Arctic ice shelf COLLAPSES losing more than 40 per cent of its mass in just two days

The Milne Ice Shelf which collapsed is at the fringe of Ellesmere Island, in the sparsely populated northern Canadian territory of Nunavut.

Tragic, sadly we will see more of this because not enough is being done or fast enough to prevent the world heating up.

Frightening, looks if earth is going to end up like Mars at this rate.

Glaciers in New Zealand's Southern Alps where Lord of the Rings was filmed have lost over HALF of their ice in the last 400 years, study warns 

The Southern Alps in New Zealand are the latest icy region to be devastated by global warming and a study has found their glaciers have shrunk by up to 62 per cent by 1600.





This is not our planet, it is Mars to show how Earth could be like in the future!

Postcards from Mars: NASA shares eight stunning images from the surface of the Red Planet to mark the 8th anniversary of the landing of its Curiosity rover NASA shares eight stunning images from Mars's surface

Curiosity has seen a lot in eight years as part of its mission to find out whether Mars has any water or the chemical building blocks that could point to evidence of ancient life. To mark eight years since the rover landed NASA has shared eight 'postcards from Mars' showing a selection of panoramas captured by the vehicle.

This image, taken back when NASA's Curiosity rover was at the base of Mount Sharp on March 24, 2014 and shows just how far Curiosity has traveled in a little over six years    

This image, taken back when NASA's Curiosity rover was at the base of Mount Sharp on March 24, 2014 and shows just how far Curiosity has traveled in a little over six years


Celia, I often wonder IF we did come from Mars -- to earth because -- looks like we are on the track to making a NEW Mars here on earth

So much has always changed ... however, I don't think we need to exacerbate the process through human stupidity.

The Ice Ages began 2.4 million years ago and lasted until 11,500 years ago. During this time, the earth’s climate repeatedly changed between very cold periods, during which glaciers covered large parts of the world, and very warm periods during which many of the glaciers melted. The cold periods are called glacials and the warm periods are called interglacials.

For example, northern hemisphere ice coverage.

There were at least 17 cycles between glacial and interglacial periods. The glacial periods lasted longer than the interglacial periods. The last glacial period began about 100,000 years ago and lasted until 25,000 years ago. Today we are in a warm interglacial period.

The sea level around Australia was much lower during the last ice age.

Yes RnR there sure have been MANY changes over the centuries -- they used to be able to walk to Tassie at one time,  I think the planet goes through many changes --naturally but we are doing it no favors at all


Do you remember at school learning about Hudson the explorer that was let adrift due to his problem not finding the north west passage RnR?  

Always remember the painting of that, but not that long ago I think it was a Russian Ice Breaker actually did it due to the melting of he ice sheet, how the planet has changed, now there is a waring of the nations up in the Artic wanting to claim the area for exploration of oil!


In 1611, while on an expedition to find the North-West Passage, explorer Henry Hudson and his son were cast adrift by his mutinous crew. Their fate was unknown but raised the taboo of cannibalism. Collier hints at this by posing Hudson, eerily staring out at the viewer like Dante’s ‘Ugolino’ by Joshua Reynolds, 1773. Incarcerated with his sons, Ugolino eats them to survive, although the act is futile and all eventually die. Here the vast, Arctic landscape remains impassive to a terrifying human drama. Collier’s audience noted its relevance to ongoing Arctic explorations and the search for the North-West Passage.

Gallery label, July 2010

and that folks is how Hudsons Bay is named!

Yep Celia, I remember Henry Hudson (but not from school) ... did an "On this Day" post about him last August. See ...

Oh I see; dear ole Henry was in my encyclopaedia as a 10 year old,  [I didn't have a pc back in those days!  LOL ]  this painting I will always remember it really made me think as a child how his son must have suffered with his father.

But RnR this started off with my comment about New Zealand!  Not the Artic.

I realise that but it is a global phenomenon, e.g. Yesterday's evacuation near the Mont Blanc glacier.

YES  that area is always having those issues like the Italian Alps avalanche of snow look how the Dutch Kings brother sadly died a few years ago very sad so many people get injured. So much so now a days they have bags like we have on steering wheels so there is an air pocket for the people in the avalanche.

It is the speed of the warming up of the planet that is the main difference between past warming of the earth, it is now happening at unprecendent speeds. We must not forget about the climate change issue despite what is happening in the world, the coal, gas and oil and mining industries want us to forget about it.

Yes Incognito, all they care about is lining their own pockets and selling us out to who pays them the most with NO thought for damage or being taken over completely

350 elephants were poisoned to death by the government of Botswana. Demand protections for elephants, now!

People love elephants. And why wouldn't we? They're majestic, intelligent, social creatures who babysit each other's young and mourn the loss of loved ones. Unfortunately, they're slowly slipping away from this planet. As of this moment, only around 415,000 elephants are left alive on the whole entire continent of Africa. This makes it even more shocking and heartbreaking to learn that the government of Botswana purposefully poisoned and killed 350 of them.

The elephants were reportedly killed because they had destroyed a community's crops, posssibly forcing humans to go hungry. That is certainly alarming, but there are other ways to deal with this problem. The elephants were not maliciously targeting humans' food or trying to trample them. Many other countries and regions have found peaceful ways to coexist with wildlife, and solutions range from constructing fences to installing automatically-triggered noises and speakers. Murdering some of the few remaining elephant is not an acceptable solution. Sign the petition to urge the government of Botswana work with conservationists to protect elephants' lives, and to find a better way to protect crops!

Thank you for all that you do,



My husband who was brought up in that region has always said that they destroyed so much of the vegetation too, trees were destroyed, branches of the trees pulled down.  It would have been too much to move that many elephants.   It is a shame but from what I have heard him say areas of forest would become bare soil once they have finished with it.

Hubby is a softy where bugs and animals are from, he doesn't like to kill anything except a snail that is eating his vegs!

Interesting, but it is still for humans not the animals.

Tell hubby to use preventative measures instead of killing the snails, there are many.

yep, feed 'em to Venus

Top 30 Venus Fly Trap GIFs | Find the best GIF on Gfycat

We use coffee grinds if any are left over they eat the pellets if any are left over after than they get the 10 size boot both his and mine!

I always used to throw the snails over into the bush -- then I noticed I never had any more -- and that was because I was lucky to have some blue tongue lizards and they eat them UNTIL a flippin cat came and killed the lizards -- now I am after that darn cat --- hate cats that are allowed to roam and kill the wildlife and there are o many people that allow that to happen.

I hate to kill anything too -- as far as the elephants go -- poor things, after all, it is humans that took over THEIR feeding and living space

Ecological disaster as Japanese carrier spills 1,000 tonnes of crude oil on pristine beaches of Mauritius - as country's leader warns cracks in the ship are growing and they fear it could break in halfMauritians race to contain catastrophic oil spill swamping island's pristine beaches and

The bulk carrier MV Wakashio has been hemorrhaging fuel into a protected marine park boasting unspoiled coral reefs, mangrove forests and endangered species, prompting the Mauritian government to declare an unprecedented environmental emergency (pictured: oil drifts through the famously pristine shores of the Indian Ocean island, main; volunteers hoist buckets of the crude oil from the sea, top right; and a once-white beach is caked in a layer of black sludge, bottom right). Attempts to stabilise the stricken vessel, which ran aground on July 25 but only started leaking oil this week, and pump 4,000 tonnes of fuel from its hold have failed, and local authorities fear rough seas could further rupture the tanker. Prime Minister Pravind Jugnauth said response crews had managed to stymie the leak for now, but were bracing for the worst. The cracks have grown. The situation is even worse,' he told reporters late Sunday. 'The risk of the boat breaking in half still exists.' Japan said Sunday it would send a six-member expert team to assist, joining France which dispatched a naval vessel and military aircraft from nearby Reunion Island after Mauritius issued an appeal for international help. 

Horrific, heard about this yesterday, devasted, how can this still be happening, why did it go off course, what company is behind this I wonder. Man just keeps destroying the most beautiful places, this is tragic for the local people who rely on seafood, will be years of recovery.

Another tragedy Incognito.

Who is going to clean the mess up?

Sunspot the size of Mars is turning towards Earth and massive solar flares could affect radio communications, GPS and power grids

Sunspot dubbed AR2770 was observed by an amateur astronomer. Its dark core is similar to the size of Mars and is turning towards Earth, raising concerns of strong solar flares hitting our planet.




OMG the more I see of what the human race does it breaks my heart what is happening to this beautiful planet and that is such a beautiful place too



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