The Meeting Place

Today's Chat, No Set Topic


.........................................Something comes into your mind? share it, as everyone is different so all topics have followers :) Happy thoughts, sad thoughts or just reflective thoughts - let's enjoy chatting without agro or nastiness. Who knows what we might learn from each other..........................................:) 

(A combination of Lets Chat and Today in memory of Gerry, Geomac and Seth.) 

Please keep it general so all can be included not about subjects that can aggravate like Politics or Religion. 

Today's Date Sunday 7th May 2017   

Many thanks to RnR and Toot for making this into such an interesting topic on past events for us all to learn so much. 

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1934 – Steamship RMS Queen Mary is launched.

RMS Queen Mary is a retired ocean liner that sailed primarily on the North Atlantic Ocean from 1936 to 1967 for the Cunard Line. Built in Clydebank, Scotland, Queen Mary, along with RMS Queen Elizabeth, were part of Cunard's planned two-ship weekly express service between Southampton, Cherbourg and New York.

The two ships were a British response to the express superliners built by German, Italian and French companies in the late 1920s and early 1930s. Queen Mary was the flagship of the Cunard Line from May 1936 until October 1946 when she was replaced in that role by Queen Elizabeth.

Queen Mary was launched on 26 September 1934, sailed on her maiden voyage on 27 May 1936 and captured the Blue Riband in August of that year.

Queen Mary in New York, circa 1961.

With the outbreak of the Second World War, she was converted into a troopship and ferried Allied soldiers for the duration of the war. Following the war, Queen Mary was refitted for passenger service and along with Queen Elizabeth commenced the two-ship transatlantic passenger service for which the two ships were initially built.

The two ships dominated the transatlantic passenger transportation market until the dawn of the jet age in the late 1950s. By the mid-1960s, Queen Mary was ageing and, though still among the most popular transatlantic liners, was operating at a loss. Queen Mary was officially retired from service in 1967. She left Southampton for the last time on 31 October 1967 and sailed to the port of Long Beach, California, United States, where she remains permanently moored.

The Queen Mary today.

Today, the Queen Mary offers free and guided tours, a range of restaurants and onboard accommodation.


Mmm, not bad

1943 – Operation Jaywick, the secret Australian raid on Singapore Harbour, occurs.

On 2 September 1943, a captured Japanese motor sampan set out from Exmouth in Western Australia bound for Singapore, well inside Japanese controlled waters. By the time they returned nearly seven weeks later, the crew of 14 had carried out one of the most successful clandestine raids in Australian history.

The expedition was led by Major Ivan Lyon of the Gordon Highlanders who, along with Major Jock Campbell of the King’s Own Scottish Borderers, had devised the plan in 1942 after they had escaped the Japanese invasion of Singapore. Essential to the plan was a vessel that could pose as a local fishing boat or trader. Krait was identified as suitable for the task.

The MV Krait, a wooden-hulled craft which was handed over to the Australian military when it reached Australia after it had been captured and used to evacuate over a thousand people from ships sunk along the Sumatran coast. The objective of Operation JAYWICK was for a group of Australian and British Z Special Unit members to attack Japanese shipping in Singapore using time delayed limpet mines. The operatives and crew included 10 sailors and four soldiers.

The crew hoisted the Japanese ensign on 6 September and Krait approached Lombok Strait, the first ‘danger area’ of her voyage, just after noon on 8 September. Being a Japanese shipping vessel, the raiders were able to travel undetected through enemy territory in Lombok Strait and across the Java and South China seas. The crew enhanced the effect by covering their bodies with a dark dye. Just over two weeks later, the Krait reached Pandjang Island, where six men from the raiding teams were offloaded, along with canoes and equipment. During the next week they paddled towards Singapore Harbour under cover of darkness.

On 26 September 1943, they launched their raid from Subar Island, 11 kilometres from Singapore, attaching limpet mines to several Japanese vessels. When the mines exploded, seven Japanese ships were sunk or severely damaged. The men managed to escape undetected, rendezvousing a week later with the Krait 100 km away.

The crew of Krait and operatives of Operation JAYWICK, RAN. Left to right (Front): LEUT Ted Carse, LEUT Donald Davidson, MAJ Ivan Lyon, MAJ Jock Campbell (did not accompany the expedition), LT Robert Page; (Middle): CPL Andrew Crilly, LS Kevin Cain, LS James McDowell, L.TEL Horrie Young, AB Walter Falls, CPL Ron Morris; (Back): ABs Moss Berryman, Frederic Marsh, Arthur Jones and Andrew Huston. Inset: The crew of Krait during Operation Jaywick.

The small vessel made its disguised way back into Australian waters safely. She arrived at Exmouth on 19 October 1943 having covered some 4000 miles during her 48 day absence. There were no casualties and all involved in the operation were either decorated or mentioned in despatches.

More: Krait and Operation JAYWICK, Royal Australian Navy. Wikipedia.

When the mines exploded, seven Japanese ships were sunk or severely damaged. The men managed to escape undetected, rendezvousing a week later with the Krait 100 km away.

Fantastic effort.

Quite amazing IMO.

1948 – Olivia Newton-John, Australian entertainer, is born.

Olivia Newton-John, AO, OBE (born 26 September 1948) is an Australian singer, songwriter, actress, entrepreneur and activist. She is a four-time Grammy award winner who has amassed five number-one and ten other top ten Billboard Hot 100 singles, and two number-one Billboard 200 solo albums. Eleven of her singles (including two platinum) and fourteen of her albums (including two platinum and four double platinum) have been certified gold by the RIAA. She has sold an estimated 900 million records worldwide, making her one of the world's best-selling artists of all time.

She starred in the musical film Grease, and its soundtrack is one of the most successful in history, with the single You're the One That I Want, with John Travolta, one of the best selling singles.

Newton-John has been a long-time activist for environmental and animal rights issues. She has been an advocate for health awareness becoming involved with various charities, health products, and fundraising efforts. Her business interests have included launching several product lines for Koala Blue and co-owning the Gaia Retreat & Spa in Australia.

Newton-John has been married twice. She is the mother of one daughter, Chloe Rose Lattanzi, with her first husband, actor Matt Lattanzi. She remarried in 2008 to John Easterling.

Olivia Newton-John with her daughter Chloe who was rehearsing for Dancing With The Stars in Melbourne in February 2020.

Olivia Newton-John was in remission from breast cancer from 1992 until May 2017 when it was announced that her breast cancer had returned and metastasised to her lower back. In 2017, it was also reported that the cancer had progressed to Stage IV and spread to her bones. Newton-John has openly talked about using cannabis oil to ease her cancer pain and has become an advocate for medical cannabis. Her daughter Chloe owns a cannabis farm in Oregon.

In 2019, Newton-John sold her 187-acre Australian farm, which she had owned for nearly 40 years, located near Byron Bay in NSW. Also in 2019, on the 25th of June, The New York Times Magazine listed Newton-John among hundreds of artists whose material was reportedly destroyed in the 2008 Universal fire.


What a trooper, she's been through so much in her life.

And still looking wonderful IMO.

Yes she has a beautiful smile

1973 – Concorde makes its first non-stop crossing of the Atlantic in record-breaking time.

Concorde is a British-French turbojet-powered supersonic passenger jet airliner that was operated until 2003. It had a maximum speed over twice the speed of sound at Mach 2.04 (2,180 km/h at cruise altitude), with seating for 92 to 128 passengers. First flown in 1969, Concorde entered service in 1976 and continued flying for the next 27 years. It is one of only two supersonic transports to have been operated commercially; the other is the Soviet-built Tupolev Tu-144, which was operated for a much shorter period.

Concorde made its first non-stop crossing of the Atlantic in record-breaking time on 26 September
1973. The supersonic airliner flew from the US capital, Washington, to Orly airport in Paris in three hours 32 minutes.

The pilots, Jean Franchi and Gilbert Defer, cut the previous record for a transatlantic airliner journey in half, flying the plane at an average speed of 1,535 kph.

Concorde G-BOAD and the Red Arrows off the Coast of Norfolk during the rehearsal for the Queen's Golden Jubilee Flypast in 2002. Photo E.J. van Koningsveld, Sky Flash Airshow Pictures.

Concorde was jointly developed and manufactured by Sud Aviation and the British Aircraft Corporation under an Anglo-French treaty. Twenty aircraft were built, including six prototypes and development aircraft. Air France (AF) and British Airways (BA) were the only airlines to purchase and fly Concorde.

The Concorde was retired in 2003, three years after the crash of Air France Flight 4590, in which all passengers and crew were killed. The general downturn in the commercial aviation industry after the September 11 attacks in 2001 and the end of maintenance support for Concorde by Airbus also contributed.

Video: Concorde Fly over at The Queen's Golden Jubilee.


Beautiful looking aircraft, must have been a real thrilll to fly in it.

1983 – Australia II wins the America's Cup ending the New York Yacht Club's 132-year domination of the race.

Australia II, bearing sail number KA6, represented the Royal Perth Yacht Club of Australia in its September 1983 challenge for the America's Cup. The defender, the New York Yacht Club, had held the cup since 1851, dominating challengers and sustaining the longest winning streak in sport.

The Australia II syndicate became the first non-American team to win the Cup. ABC.

Alan Bond (C) and John Bertrand (R) give the thumbs up sign to fans that surrounded the dock in Newport, Rhode Island. ABC.

Australia II, skippered by John Bertrand, faced Dennis Conner sailing the 12-metre Liberty in the ocean off Newport, Rhode Island. Australia II came from behind to prevail 4 races to 3. The victory on 26 September 1983 was a landmark event for the nation of Australia, not to mention the Royal Perth Yacht Club. The achievement was underscored when Australia II was awarded the ABC Wide World of Sports Athlete of the Year for 1983.

Crowd celebrates America's Cup win with with Matilda. For many Australians the victory represented a key moment when the nation came of age.

In the mid-1980s, Australia II was sold by Alan Bond to the Australian government. She was lent to the Australian National Maritime Museum in Sydney for display in 1991. In 2000, Australia II was removed from the National Maritime Museum and transferred to the Western Australian Maritime Museum in Fremantle. For the 150th anniversary celebrations of the America's Cup in 2001, she was removed from the museum and shipped to the Isle of Wight, sailing with the original crew for several days of commemorative regattas. Australia II was returned to the Western Australian Maritime Museum, where she is on permanent display.

Video: The interview live on NINE straight after Australia had won the Americas Cup and The Prime Minister Bob Hawke declared any boss who gave a worker the sack is a BUM.


Never forget when Alan Bond lost his memory, what a farce that was.

I too remember that Toot - and then all of a sudden he got it back again. We witnessed a miracle. 

Alan Bond was a scoundrel but the America Cup was an unprecedented triumph despite him IMO.

:) Remarkable that so many lose their memories when faced with prosecution or blame LOL. Recalling Chrisopher & Pixie Skase as well.

Currently, seems to be a political virus so to speak in Victoria after the hotel quarantine debacle.

"Nobody knew who".

Today Jenny Mikakos resigned as Victoria's Health Minister following Premier Daniel Andrews' testimony where he said she was responsible.

Is she the scapegoat?

Very many memories of this and their trying to defend the Cup from Fremantle.

Very sad we didn't win it, I had high hopes Australia would have defended it for a few years but alas it was not to be.

I heard about her on the news a short time ago. I don't blame her for resigning as Health Minister and also from Parliament.  I think in the end the Premier should be held responsible. 

1066 – William the Conqueror and his army set sail from the mouth of the River Somme, beginning the Norman conquest of England.

Throughout the summer of 1066, William the Conqueror Duke of Normandy, assembled an army and an invasion fleet in Normandy. The fleet carried an invasion force that included, in addition to troops from William's own territories of Normandy and Maine, large numbers of mercenaries, allies, and volunteers from Brittany, northeastern France, and Flanders, together with smaller numbers from other parts of Europe.

"Here sits Harold King of the English. Archbishop Stigand". Scene immediately after crowning of Harold by the Archbishop of Canterbury Stigand. Detail from the Bayeux Tapestry. Decorated initial from a 12th-century manuscript showing William the Conqueror on his throne, British Library Board.

Across the Channel, Harold Godwinson was crowned king of England on 6 January 1066 in Westminster Abbey. Harold's claim to the throne was not entirely secure as there were other claimants including his exiled brother Tostig, King Harald Hardrada of Norway and lastly William of Normandy, against whose anticipated invasion King Harold made most of his preparations. Harold's brother Tostig and Harald Hardrada invaded Northumbria in September 1066 and defeated the local forces under Morcar and Edwin at the Battle of Fulford near York. King Harold received word of their invasion and marched north, defeating the invaders and killing Tostig and Hardrada on 25 September 1066 at the Battle of Stamford Bridge.

Loading, crossing the English Channel and landing. Details from the Bayeux Tapestry.

The Norman fleet set sail on 27 September 1066 from the River Somme, landing in England at Pevensey Bay on 28 September.

William then moved to Hastings, a few miles to the east, where he built a castle as a base of operations. From there, he ravaged the interior and waited for Harold's return from the north, refusing to venture far from the sea, his line of communication with Normandy.

Scene from the Bayeux Tapestry depicting the Battle of Hastings.

Although Harold attempted to surprise the Normans, William's scouts reported the English arrival to the duke. The exact events preceding the battle are obscure, with contradictory accounts in the sources, but all agree that William led his army from his castle and advanced towards the enemy. The available sources are more confused about events in the afternoon, but it appears that the decisive event was Harold's death, about which differing stories are told.

William of Jumieges claimed that Harold was killed by the duke. The Bayeux Tapestry has been claimed to show Harold's death by an arrow to the eye, but that may be a later reworking of the tapestry to conform to 12th-century stories in which Harold was slain by an arrow wound to the head. Harold's body was identified the day after the battle, either through his armour or marks on his body.

"Harold the King was killed". Harold's death as depicted in the Bayeux Tapestry.

William may have hoped the English would surrender following his victory, but they did not. Instead, some of the English clergy and magnates nominated Edgar the Aetheling as king, although their support for Edgar was lukewarm. After waiting a short while, William secured Dover, parts of Kent, and Canterbury, while also sending a force to capture Winchester, where the royal treasury was. These captures secured William's rear areas and also his line of retreat to Normandy, if that was needed.

William then marched to Southwark, across the Thames from London, which he reached in late November. Next he led his forces around the south and west of London, burning along the way. He finally crossed the Thames at Wallingford in early December. Archbishop Stigand submitted to William there, and when the duke moved on to Berkhamsted soon afterwards, Edgar the Aetheling, Morcar, Edwin, and Archbishop Ealdred also submitted. William then sent forces into London to construct a castle; he was crowned at Westminster Abbey on Christmas Day 1066.

The Bayeux Tapestry

The Bayeux Tapestry is an embroidered cloth nearly 70 metres long and 50 centimetres tall, which depicts the events leading up to the Norman conquest of England concerning William, Duke of Normandy, and Harold, Earl of Wessex, later King of England, and culminating in the Battle of Hastings. It is thought to date to the 11th century, within a few years after the battle. The tapestry is now exhibited at the Musée de la Tapisserie de Bayeux in Bayeux, Normandy, France. More.

More: William the ConquerorNorman conquest of England.

....One thing William had a profound effect on in England was the countryside, as for the first time he brought the castle to Britain. Prior to 1066, the closest things the Saxons had were fortified towns, built for a community refuge.

Here he built a network of vast stone castles, encasing England in an iron grip. These were not places of refuge, but instruments of power which stamped Norman authority on the landscape.

Even 200 years later the effects were still evident. The Saxons had become second class citizens while Normal lords filled the ranks of the aristocracy. There were now two languages spoken: French was the language of the nobility while English was reserved for the riff-raff…….


One thing William had a profound effect on in England was the countryside, as for the first time he brought the castle to Britain.

And since castles seem to have become synonomous with Britain.

There were now two languages spoken: French was the language of the nobility while English was reserved for the riff-raff…….


1825 – The world's first public railway to use steam locomotives, the Stockton and Darlington Railway, is ceremonially opened.

The Stockton and Darlington Railway (S&DR) was a railway company that operated in north-east England from 1825 to 1863. The world's first public railway to use steam locomotives, its first line connected collieries near Shildon with Stockton-on-Tees and Darlington, and was officially opened on 27 September 1825.

The opening of the Stockton & Darlington Railway on 27 September 1825 by J.R. Brown.

The movement of coal to ships rapidly became a lucrative business, and the line was soon extended to a new port and town at Middlesbrough. While coal waggons were hauled by steam locomotives from the start, passengers were carried in coaches drawn by horses until carriages hauled by steam locomotives were introduced in 1833.


1851 – Australian explorer and Surveyor-General of NSW Sir Thomas Mitchell wins the last official duel in the state.

Sir Thomas Livingston Mitchell was Surveyor-General of New South Wales. Born in Scotland, he trained as a surveyor in the army before moving to Australia to take up his appointment as Surveyor General of the Colony in 1827. Mitchell was responsible for exploring vast areas of south-eastern Australia and opening up new grazing lands in the southern parts of Victoria. He was knighted in 1838 for his contribution to the surveying of Australia.

An accomplished artist, botanist and poet, Mitchell is also remembered for his ‘hot-headed’ temper. Mitchell is less-known for fighting the last known duel in Australia. It was fought between Mitchell and one of New England’s well-known early settlers, Sir Stuart Alexander Donaldson.

Sir Thomas Mitchell. Sir Stuart Alexander Donaldson.

The duel occurred on 27 September 1851 in Centennial Park, Sydney, and it is believed to have been a dispute about land - Tenterfield Station - which was a crown grant to Donaldson. As Surveyor-General, Mitchell had gazetted a town to be built on part of Donaldson’s Tenterfield Station. The enraged Donaldson challenged Mitchell to a duel.

Each fired three shots; it was reported that one went through Donaldson’s hat and another within an inch of Mitchell’s throat, however, only Donaldson’s hat was damaged in the altercation. Their seconds stepped in to declare that honour had been satisfied and the duel was abandoned.

The Royal Australian Historical Society records that these were the pistols used in the duel. They are French 50 calibre pistols, with percussion locks and walnut butts. National Museum of Australia.

The National Museum of Australia purchased the pistols from the society in 1983.

Sir Stuart Alexander Donaldson later became the first Premier of New South Wales.

More: The duelSir Thomas MitchellSir Stuart Alexander Donaldson.

Lady Almeria Braddock and Mrs. Elphinstone (1792)

A certain Mrs. Elphinstone expected no more than a cup of tea when she paid a social call to Lady Almeria Braddock’s London home in 1792. But the visit veered off into decidedly unladylike territory when the hostess, evidently enraged by a casual comment Mrs. Elphinstone made about her age, challenged her guest to a duel in Hyde Park. According to reports, Mrs. Elphinstone fired her pistol first, knocking Lady Braddock’s hat to the ground. The women then took up swords, and Lady Braddock got her revenge by wounding her opponent in the arm. The “Petticoat Duel,” as it came to be known, ended without further incident when Mrs. Elphinstone agreed to write a letter of apology…

What a great story, thanks Toot.

1854 – The steamship SS Arctic sinks with 300 people on board. This marks the first great shipping disaster in the Atlantic Ocean.

SS Arctic was a 2,856-ton paddle steamer, one of the Collins Line, which operated a transatlantic passenger and mail steamship service during the 1850s. She was the largest of a fleet of four, built with the aid of U.S. government subsidies to challenge the transatlantic supremacy of the British-backed Cunard Line. During its four-year period of service, the ship was renowned both for its speed and for the luxury of its accommodation.

U.S. mail steam ship Arctic. From an original 1850 lithograph by N. Currie. Library of Congress.

On 27 September 1854, while on passage to New York from Liverpool, Arctic collided in fog with the French steamer Vesta off the coast of Newfoundland, and sank four hours later. There were roughly 400 persons on board Arctic – approximately 250 passengers and 150 crew. Arctic's lifeboat capacity was around 180, enough for less than half those on board; the boats were launched in an atmosphere of panic and disorder, and the principle of "women and children first" was ignored.

Wreck of the U.S.M. steam ship "Arctic”. From an N. Currier lithograph held at the Library of Congress.

The sinking of the Arctic stunned the public on both sides of the Atlantic, as the loss of 350 lives was staggering for the time. And what made the disaster a shocking outrage was that not a single woman or child aboard the ship survived. Lurid tales of panic aboard the sinking ship were widely publicised in newspapers.

Members of the crew had seized the lifeboats and saved themselves, leaving helpless passengers, including 80 women and children, to perish in the icy North Atlantic. The most reliable estimate is that about 350 people died in the sinking of the SS Arctic, including every woman and child aboard. It is believed 24 male passengers and about 60 crew members survived.


The most reliable estimate is that about 350 people died in the sinking of the SS Arctic, including every woman and child aboard. It is believed 24 male passengers and about 60 crew members survived.

What happened to 'ladies and children first' rule?

1932 – Maude "Lores" Bonney becomes first woman to fly around Australia.

Maude Rose "Lores" Bonney AM MBE (20 November 1897 – 24 February 1994) was an Australian aviator and the first woman to fly solo from Australia to England. Born as Maude Rose Rubens, in Pretoria, South Africa, she adopted the name "Lores" later in preference to her given names. The family moved first to England, then to Australia. She met and married Harry Barrington Bonney, a leather goods manufacturer in 1917 and moved to Brisbane, Queensland.

In 1928 she met Bert Hinkler, Harry Bonney's first cousin once removed and a Queensland aviator who had set a solo England–Australia record in his Avro Avian biplane (now in the Queensland Museum, Brisbane). His exploits fired her imagination and her first flight in his Avian confirmed her determination to learn to fly. She took her first lessons secretly, but when she told her husband, he bought her the de Havilland DH.60 Gypsy Moth with which she began her record-breaking flights:

1931 – DH 60G VH-UPV, Brisbane-Wangaratta, 1600 km. Longest one-day flight by an airwoman.
1932 – DH 60G VH-UPV, Round-Australia, 12,800 km. First woman to circumnavigate Australia by air.
1933 – DH 60G VH-UPV, Brisbane-Croydon UK, 20,000 km. First woman to fly from Australia to England.
1937 – Klemm L32-V VH-UVE, Brisbane-Cape Town, 29,088 km. First flight Australia to South Africa.

On her 1937 Australia–South Africa solo flight, Lores crammed so much luggage into My Little Ship II that she couldn’t have fitted in a passenger even if she’d wanted to. National Portrait Gallery, Canberra.

The outbreak of World War II ended her flying career just as she was planning her next flight – around the world, via Japan, Alaska and the United States. The Klemm L32-V VH-UVE was destroyed in a hangar fire in 1939. VH-UPV was requisitioned for the war effort, deployed to a flying training unit and scrapped after the war.

Lores Bonney died at her home at Miami on Queensland's Gold Coast in 1994, aged 97.


So many records ... amazing achievements IMO.

1949 – Graham Richardson, former Labor politician and "numbers man" in NSW was born in Sydney.

Graham Frederick Richardson (born 27 September 1949), a former Australian politician, was a Senator for New South Wales from 1983–94 for the Australian Labor Party, a senior minister in Hawke and Keating governments, and is now a political lobbyist, public speaker, and media commentator. During his time in politics, Richardson was often referred to as a right-wing power broker. Prior to entering parliament, Richardson was a Labor Party branch organiser and held the position of General Secretary of the Australian Labor Party (New South Wales Branch) from 1976 to 1983.

A young Graham Richardson preparing for school exams.

Richardson, born in Sydney, was the only surviving child of Fred and Peggy Richardson, who were respectively New South Wales State Secretary and office manager of the Amalgamated Postal and Telecommunications Union. Raised as a Catholic, he was influenced as an adolescent by the factional fights that arose during the Labor split. His early years of schooling were at Marist College Kogarah. In November 1965, he was seriously injured in a car accident, in which his father was driving, at Tom Ugly Bridge at Dolls Point, resulting in the removal of his spleen, a torn bowel and 200 stitches to his face. A Catholic priest gave Richardson the last rites on two occasions in hospital.

Graham Richardson as senator wth then Labor treasurer Paul Keating at Parliament House in Canberra in 1990.

Richardson completed his schooling at Sydney Technical High School. Motivated by the continued factional fighting impacting on his parents' life, Richardson joined the Monterey branch of the Labor Party in 1966, aged 17. Having earlier dropped out of an arts degree in 1969, Richardson followed his mother's encouragement and commenced studies for a Bachelor of Laws at Sydney University. Peggy Richardson died suddenly, aged 42, distracting Richardson from his studies as he threw himself into union and Labor politics. In his years working at Labor's Sussex St offices, Richardson became renowned for an ability to bring in numbers; he was often referred to as a 'numbers man' for the right wing of the NSW branch of Labor. Bill Hayden claimed that Richardson once explained to him, "... all decisions are democratically taken at a meeting of one; me."

Graham Richardson talks with Prime Minister Bob Hawke. Picture: Colin Murty.

In the 1983 federal election, at age 33, he was the youngest ever Senator elected and initially sat on Senate committees on electoral reform, regulations and ordinances, finance and government operations, and estimates in the first term of parliament. Richardson was re-elected to the Senate at the 1984, 1987, and 1993 federal elections. Richardson’s time in parliament was often both colourful and turbulent. On 25 March 1994, Richardson resigned his positions and retired from parliament, citing ill-health. However, at the same time, allegations were mounting that Richardson was involved in acquiring prostitutes for his personal use. In 2006, Richardson also became embroiled in allegations of tax evasion involving the late Rene Rivkin.

Since retiring from politics, Richardson became a political commentator for Sky News Live, and hosted two weekly commentary programs, Richo and Richo + Jones.

Richardson was diagnosed in 1999 with chondrosarcoma, a rare bone cancer, and had five major tumours removed in three operations, the latest in 2012.

Leaving Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, 2016.

Seven months of chemotherapy failed to shrink another tumour on his pelvic wall, and his doctors were concerned that as it became bigger, it could invade his organs. They told him that he required radical surgery, known as pelvic exenteration. Richardson was quoted as saying: "They say it's all got to come out — bowel, bladder, prostate, rectum — the lot".

Richardson continues to be a political commentator for both radio and TV programs.


After that huge operation, don't know how he survived .

1956 – The British nuclear tests at Maralinga begin with Operation Buffalo.

Two major British nuclear test series were conducted at the Maralinga site between 1956 and 1963: Operation Buffalo and Operation Antler. A total of seven separate nuclear tests were performed. The Maralinga site is part of the Woomera Prohibited Area in South Australia and about 800 kilometres north-west of Adelaide.

Operation Buffalo involved the testing of four nuclear devices commencing on 27 September 1956.

• One Tree, 27 September 1956, 12.9 kilotonnes of TNT (54 TJ)
• Marcoo, 4 October 1956, 1.4 kilotonnes of TNT (5.9 TJ)
• Kite, 11 October 1956, 2.9 kilotonnes of TNT (12 TJ)
• Breakaway, 22 October 1956, 10.8 kilotonnes of TNT (45 TJ)

One Tree nuclear test from a tower, 27 September 1956.

This was a test of the Red Beard tactical bomb, a plutonium implosion weapon.

One Tree and Breakaway were exploded from towers, Marcoo was exploded at ground level, and Kite was released by a Royal Air Force Vickers Valiant bomber from a height of 11,000 metres.

Buffalo 2 "Marcoo", being prepared for firing. The middle of the weapon is carefully aligned to the height of the ground surface.

The fallout from Operation Buffalo was measured using sticky paper, air sampling devices, and water sampled from rainfall and reservoirs. The radioactive cloud from Buffalo 1 (One Tree) reached a height of 11,400 metres, exceeding the predicted 8,500 metres, and radioactivity was detected in South Australia, Northern Territory, New South Wales, and Queensland. All four Buffalo tests were criticised by the 1985 McClelland Royal Commission, which concluded that they were fired under inappropriate conditions.

A Blue Danube Mark 1 bomb drops away from the Vickers Valiant B1 bomber during operation Buffalo 4 (Breakaway). Ministry of Defence. This day in Aviation.

This was the first drop of a British nuclear weapon from an aircraft.

In 2001, Dr Sue Rabbit Roff, a researcher from the University of Dundee, uncovered documentary evidence that troops had been ordered to run, walk and crawl across areas contaminated by the Buffalo tests in the days immediately following the detonations; a fact that the British government later admitted. Dr Roff stated that "it puts the lie to the British government's claim that they never used humans for guinea pig-type experiments in nuclear weapons trials in Australia."


Shockingly handled.

1962 – Rachel Carson's book Silent Spring is published, inspiring an environmental movement and the creation of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.

Silent Spring is an environmental science book by Rachel Carson. The book was published on 27 September 1962 and it documented the detrimental effects on the environment of the indiscriminate use of pesticides. Carson accused the chemical industry of spreading disinformation and public officials of accepting industry claims unquestioningly.

Rachel Carson, 1940. Fish and Wildlife Service employee photo. Cover of the first edition.

In the late 1950s, Carson turned her attention to conservation, especially environmental problems that she believed were caused by synthetic pesticides. The result was Silent Spring (1962), which brought environmental concerns to the American public. Silent Spring was met with fierce opposition by chemical companies, but it spurred a reversal in national pesticide policy, led to a nationwide ban on DDT for agricultural uses, and inspired an environmental movement that led to the creation of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.

The history books say that the American environmental movement began on 16 June 1962, the date of the New Yorker magazine that contained the first of three excerpts from Rachel Carson’s new book, Silent Spring. Controversy ignited immediately. Just five weeks later, before the book was even out, a 22 July headline in the New York Times declared, “‘Silent Spring’ Is Now Noisy Summer.” Houghton Mifflin released Silent Spring on 27 September. It sold hundreds of thousands of copies and stayed on the best seller list for thirty-one months.

In 2006, Silent Spring was named one of the 25 greatest science books of all time by the editors of Discover Magazine. In 2012 Silent Spring was designated a National Historic Chemical Landmark by the American Chemical Society for its role in the development of the modern environmental movement.


UPDATE: 19 September 2019, National Geographic.

Three billion birds have been lost in North America since 1970.

Due to habitat loss, pesticides, and more, North America’s springs are more silent than ever.

An industry group is warning Australian farmers that they are jeopardising overseas markets by breaching maximum residue levels, resulting in too much chemical found on the end product.

The European Commission describes a maximum residue level (MRL) "as the highest level of a pesticide residue that is legally tolerated in or on food or feed when pesticides are applied correctly".


An industry group is warning Australian farmers that they are jeopardising overseas markets by breaching maximum residue levels, resulting in too much chemical found on the end product.

Shocking indicment.

And our farmers want us to buy Australian ??

No wonder China cancelled our barley produce.

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