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Why are men dying from COVID-19 at rates significantly higher than women?

middle aged man wearing a surgical mask

Professors taking a detective’s approach to the mysteries of infectious disease transmission

Despite an intense global concentration of research effort on the coronavirus, big questions remain unanswered, such as why are men dying from COVID-19 at rates significantly higher than women? 

In a piece published online this week in Frontiers in Public Health, Central Queensland University Associate Professor Olav Muurlink from the School of Business and Law and Professor Andrew Taylor-Robinson from the School of Health, Medical and Applied Sciences argue that one needs to take a 360 degree look at one of the earliest COVID mysteries to emerge: the striking gender imbalance in apparent infection rates.

“Because of our involvement in the Bangladesh sector, and how the disease may ‘operate’ within a country that at that stage had no reported cases, we began looking at how the disease might act in the kind of very different environment it would find there,” says Assoc Prof Muurlink.

“There are cultural factors at play here, such as the propensity for men to wear beards, which will make the effective use of masks more difficult, and the likelihood that, in conservative rural areas, women are going to be less likely to report to (typically male) doctors”.

Taking this approach, particularly in relation to the separation between men and women in terms of living space and workspace, and the tendency of women – particularly those in conservative communities – to wear a veil that restricts facial touching when in public, the two are predicting that gender differences observed in COVID prevalence in countries like Italy and Australia are likely to be amplified in countries like Bangladesh.

“We do need to apply traditional ‘solutions’ to challenges like this”, says Prof. Taylor-Robinson. “We need a vaccine and effective antivirals, but at the same time we need to better understand not just the disease, but how we relate to it."

4 comments

 

Have heard bits and pieces about the role of oestrogen in enhancing the immune systems of females as compared to men.

 Also stuff out there somewhere about chromosomes.  And of course there's info on higher smoking rates in men.  It might even come down to factors such as male hygiene vigilance or even the prevalence of obesity, heart, diabetes and cancer rates as a comparison to women - and don't have the stats surrounding these health concerns...just throwing thoughts into the mix.

But guess the notion of cultural dress, traditions ie. how people are housed, prepare food, be in community etc. would play a part in how something like disease contagion is spread or contained.

 

Chinese males are heavy smokers.  Overall males are more reckless than females by nature and are the predominant worker of back-breaking jobs. Males in Western society have unhealthy diets and consume too much alcohol which leaves a lot to be the desired health-wise.  Males, in general, live less long because of these factors Coronavirus or not.

 

China has Professors/Scientists/Doctors, a Unredacted Commentary from them would be a Start.

The Virus Covid 19 suddenly appeared around Wuhan, no where else wouldn't that be the first place to probe.

Until scientific investigation of the area of outbreak, how would you know what the cause/origination was.

The gender one who are mostly out and about in public places! MEN who freely go about what ever they like, women are not.

The spread/contagin would be mostly men then women.

Just a simple observation. 

China did not invent any of its 'four great new inventions' China famously likes to boast of its “Four Great Inventions.” Namely: the compass, gunpowder, paper making and printing.

The only problem is that none of them were actually invented in China.

Don't trust and believe anything from this country. They are indebted to the West for it's innovations and jobs.

It will never be an Innovation Nation but the Regression nation as it has always been.

China's animal and human rights speak loud.


https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-china-43406560

It will be up to us to clean up China's doing.

..and it's up to you to "clean up" your lack of knowledge of history.

The compass was invented in China during the Han Dynasty between the 2nd century BC and 1st century AD

Gunpowder was invented in 9th-century China as one of the Four Great Inventions, and spread throughout most parts of Eurasia by the end of the 13th century. Originally developed by the Taoists for medicinal purposes, gunpowder was first used for warfare about 904 AD.

Paper was invented around 100 BC in China. In 105 AD, under the Han Dynasty emperor Ho-Ti, a government official in China named Ts'ai Lun was the first to start a paper-making industry

The earliest known form of printing as applied to paper was woodblock printing, which appeared in China before 220 AD. Later developments in printing technology include the movable type invented by Bi Sheng around 1040 AD and the printing press invented by Johannes Gutenberg in the 15th century.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sophie, most of conventional history is a lie and is not lineal. 

Sulphur is the tenth most common element by mass in the universe, and the fifth most common on Earth. Though sometimes found in pure, native form, sulphur on Earth usually occurs as sulphide and sulphate minerals. Being abundant in native form, sulphur was known in ancient times, being mentioned for its uses in ancient India, ancient Greece, China, and Egypt. In the Bible, sulphur is called brimstone, which means "burning stone".

Papyrus paper is the first paper in history. Found in the tombs and temples of Ancient Egyptians as far back as 2700 B.C. It was made by Ancient Egyptians from papyrus plant.Paper was invented around 100 BC in China.

12th century AD: The first known compass is made with Lodestone. Lodestone is also called
magnetite (Fe3O4) which is a black magnetised iron ore. Chinese and European mariners floated the lodestone on wood in a large container of water. The Arab sailors suspended the lodestone from a string. Eventually the lodestone was used to magnetise a needle that was floated on a small piece of wood in a small container of water.

Germany was the first to print on paper instead of silk.

I can think of a number of reasons, - eg. men die younger so older men will probably be more likely to be "pushed over the edge", as they are closer to 'the edge', also, - women have babies, which in later pregnancy puts pressure on their lower lungs, so they have to be stronger there, and Covid-19 attacks the lower parts of your lungs more, - an unexpected bonus for having to carry a child for 9 months before it is born, - not that I have seen any research exploring that idea. 

And a bit off topic, now they find that the 1.5 distance may be not enough, - years ago I had an Ion generator, - to reduce the dust from living near a dirt road, so I looked up negative ions and virus, and wow, they do remove viruses.

https://www.nature.com/articles/srep11431

Maybe very approriate for doctors' surgeries, supermarkets, schools, hospitals etc, or if someone in the family has tested positive, to make their isolation more effective.

Mind you this article is about a number of viruses, not covid-19, but there is no reason the covid-19 virus should be affected differently, the virus is not killed by the ions but removed to a steel plate where it will die naturally, or in high concentration areas wiped with an approved sunstance.  

 

Substance, not sunstance, eg high alcohol disinfectant, Borax solution, soap solution etc.

Here is some interesting food for thought....

Men contending with coronavirus infection may have a pair of vulnerabilities that could increase their risk of longer, more severe illness: their testicles.

A pilot study that tracked the clearance of the virus from patients in Mumbai, India, offered further evidence that men are indeed harder hit by the pathogen. And it offered a theoretical explanation for that gender disparity that focuses on the cells that the coronavirus is most drawn to.

Those cells serve as the front door for the coronavirus because they express a protein called angiotensin converting enzyme 2, which the virus just happens to bind with.

In both men and women, these ACE2 proteins, or receptors, are plentiful in the lungs, the gastrointestinal tract and the heart. Not surprisingly, all of those tissues are vulnerable to attack from the virus that causes COVID-19.

Testicular tissue also pumps out ACE2 receptors at a high rate. Ovarian tissue does not.

A group of researchers led by an oncologist in New York and her mother, a microbiologist in Mumbai, has put forth a hypothesis it acknowledges is highly preliminary: that the testes may harbor the SARS-CoV-2 virus in men, providing it sanctuary from the immune system.

While women offer the coronavirus plenty of opportunities to enter their cells, men's testes may give the virus an extra point of entry. And since the testicles are walled off from the immune system, they may be among the last hiding places from which the virus is driven out.

More to read here....

https://gulfnews.com/lifestyle/health-fitness/covid-19-why-are-men-more-susceptible-to-the-virus-1.1587463085992

 

 

Thanks Sophie for extending the discussion, - that is what we need to do.

4 comments